Born on April 2

872 Muflih al-Turki a Turkish military officer of the Abbasid Caliphate in the mid-9th century. He played a prominent role in the events known as the Anarchy at Samarra, but was killed in battle against the Zanj rebels of southern Iraq
1348 Andronikos IV Palaiologos Byzantine Emperor from 1376 to 1379.
1412 Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo a Castilian traveller and writer. In 1403-05 Clavijo was the ambassador of Henry III of Castile to the court of Timur, founder and ruler of the Timurid Empire. A diary of the journey, perhaps based on detailed notes kept while traveling, was later published in Spanish in 1582 and in English in 1859
1473 John Corvinus King of Bosnia. He was the illegitimate son of Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary, and his mistress, Barbara Edelpöck
1502 Susanna of Bavaria a German noblewoman. Born in Munich, she was the daughter of Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria, and Kunigunde of Austria, herself the daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III and Eleanor of Portugal. Her paternal grandparents were Albert III, Duke of Bavaria, and Anna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Einbeck
1511 Ashikaga Yoshiharu the twelfth shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who held the reins of supreme power from 1521 through 1546 during the late Muromachi period of Japan. He was the son of the eleventh shogun Ashikaga Yoshizumi
1514 Guidobaldo II della Rovere Duke of Urbino an Italian condottiero, who succeeded his father Francesco Maria I della Rovere as Duke of Urbino from 1538 until his death in 1574. He was a member of the House of La Rovere. Guidobaldo was an important patron of the arts in general, and of Titian in particular, commissioning Titian's Venus of Urbino
1545 Elisabeth of Valois a Spanish queen consort. The eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici, she married Philip II of Spain as his third wife
1565 Cornelis de Houtman a Dutch explorer who discovered a new sea route from Europe to Indonesia and managed to begin the Dutch spice trade. At the time, the Portuguese Empire held a monopoly on the spice trade, and the voyage was a symbolic victory for the Dutch, even though the voyage itself was a disaster
1566 Magdalena de Pazzi an Italian Carmelite mystic and saint of the Roman Catholic Church.
1586 Pietro Della Valle an Italian who traveled throughout Asia during the Renaissance period. His travels took him to the Holy Land, the Middle East, Northern Africa, and as far as India
1587 Virginia Centurione Bracelli a saint in the Roman Catholic Church from Genoa, Italy.
1602 María de Ágreda a Catholic Franciscan nun and author known for reports of bilocation between Spain and New Mexico and West Texas in the 17th century. In religious life, she was known as Sor María de Jesús de Ágreda. Popular culture since the 17th century has also dubbed her as the Lady in Blue and the Blue Nun. She wrote a series of books about the life of Blessed Virgin Mary
1614 Dodo (prince) a Manchu prince and military general of the early Qing Dynasty. His title was "Prince Yu of the First Rank"
1614 Jahanara Begum the eldest daughter of Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal. She was also the older sister of her father's successor and the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
1618 Francesco Maria Grimaldi an Italian Jesuit priest, mathematician and physicist who taught at the Jesuit college in Bologna. He was born in Bologna to Paride Grimaldi and Anna Cattani
1647 Maria Sibylla Merian a German-born naturalist and scientific illustrator, a descendant of the Frankfurt branch of the Swiss Merian family, founders of one of Europe's largest publishing houses in the 17th century.
1651 Fabrizio Paolucci an Italian cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church, appointed by Pope Innocent XII.
1653 Prince George of Denmark the husband of Queen Anne, who reigned over Great Britain from 1702.
1676 Franciszek Maksymilian Ossoliński a Polish noble , politician, collector and patron of arts.
1719 Johann Wilhelm Ludwig Gleim a German poet.
1725 Giacomo Casanova an Italian adventurer and author from the Republic of Venice. His autobiography, Histoire de ma vie , is regarded as one of the most authentic sources of the customs and norms of European social life during the 18th century
1733 Giacomo Tritto an Italian composer, known primarily for his 54 operas. He was born in Altamura, and studied in Naples; among his teachers were Nicola Fago, Girolamo Abos, and Pasquale Cafaro. Amongst his pupils were the young Vincenzo Bellini around 1821, plus Ferdinando Orlandi. He died in Naples
1739 Count Camillo Marcolini a minister and general director of the fine arts for the Electorate, later Kingdom of Saxony.
1740 Armand-Gaston Camus a successful advocate before the French Revolution. He was the son of Pierre Camus, a lawyer in the Parlement of Paris
1745 Richard Bassett (politician) considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A member of the Federalist Party, he served in the Delaware General Assembly, as Governor of Delaware, and as U.S. Senator from Delaware. He holds the Senate Rank of 1, as the most senior United States Senator during the First Congress of the United States
1749 David Ramsay (historian) an American physician, public official, and historian from Charleston, South Carolina. He was one of the first major historians of the American Revolution. During the Revolution he served in the South Carolina legislature until he was captured by the British. After his release he served as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1782–1783 and again in 1785–1786. Afterwards he served in the state House and Senate until retiring from public service. He was murdered in 1815 by a mentally ill man whom Ramsay had examined as a physician
1770 Alexandre Pétion the first President of the Republic of Haiti from 1807 until his death in 1818. He is one of Haiti's founding fathers, together with Toussaint Louverture, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, and his rival Henri Christophe
1770 Pasquale Galluppi an Italian philosopher.
1777 Vasily Shebuyev a Russian painter, State Councilor and Rector at the Imperial Academy of Arts.
1788 Francisco Balagtas widely considered as one of the greatest Filipino literary laureate for his impact on Filipino literature. The famous epic, Florante at Laura, is regarded as his defining work
1789 Lucio Norberto Mansilla an Argentine military man and politician. He was the first governor of the Entre Ríos Province and fought in the battle of Vuelta de Obligado
1790 Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin a pioneering French surgeon and gynecologist. He pioneered a number of operations including removal of the rectum, lithotomy in women, and amputation of the cervix uteri
1792 Francisco de Paula Santander a Colombian military and political leader during the 1810–1819 independence war of the United Provinces of New Granada. He was the acting President of Gran Colombia between 1819 and 1826, and later elected by Congress as the President of the Republic of New Granada between 1832 and 1837. Santander came to be known as "The Man of the Laws"
1795 Étienne-Jean Georget an early French psychiatrist. He is known for writing on monomania. He is also the pioneer of forensic psychiatry, and was the first psychiatrist to discuss the defence of insanity to criminal charges
1796 William Pickering (publisher) an English publisher, notable for introducing cloth binding to British publishing.
1797 Franz Graf von Wimpffen an Austrian General and Admiral who served as Administrative Head of the Austro-Hungarian Navy from 1851 to 1854.
1798 August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben a German poet. He is best known for writing "Das Lied der Deutschen", its third stanza now being the national anthem of Germany, and a number of popular children's songs
1800 Andrzej Artur Zamoyski a Polish nobleman, landowner and political and economic activist.
1800 Juan Francisco de Vidal President of Peru for a brief period between 1842 and 1843. Juan Francisco also helped with creating a certain version of laws for the rights of citizens
1803 Carl Adolf Otth a Swiss physician and naturalist. He was the brother of mycologist Gustav Heinrich Otth
1803 Franz Lachner a German composer and conductor.
1805 Hans Christian Andersen a Danish author. Although a prolific writer of plays, travelogues, novels, and poems, Andersen is best remembered for his fairy tales. Andersen's popularity is not limited to children; his stories, called eventyr in Danish, or "fairy-tales" in English, express themes that transcend age and nationality
1806 Friedrich Halm more generally known under his pseudonym Friedrich Halm.
1806 Giacomo Antonelli an Italian cardinal deacon. He was the Cardinal Secretary of State from 1848 until his death; he played a key role in Italian politics, resisting the unification of Italy and affecting Roman Catholic interests in European affairs. He was often called the "Italian Richelieu"
1807 John Mitchell Kemble the eldest son of Charles Kemble the actor and Maria Theresa Kemble. He is notable for his major contribution to the history of the Anglo-Saxons and philology of the Old English language
1814 Erastus Brigham Bigelow an American inventor of weaving machines.
1817 Teodulo Mabellini an Italian composer.
1822 Luis Sáenz Peña a lawyer and President of Argentina. He was the father of president Roque Sáenz Peña
1826 Georg II Duke of Saxe-Meiningen the penultimate Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, reigning from 1866 to 1914.