April 2 events in history

1513 Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León first sights land in what is now Florida
1755 Commodore William James captures the Maratha fortress of Suvarnadurg on west coast of India
1792 The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint
1800 Ludwig van Beethoven leads the premiere of his First Symphony in Vienna
1801 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Copenhagen – The British capture the Danish fleet
1851 Rama IV is crowned King of Thailand
1863 Richmond Bread Riot: Food shortages incite hundreds of angry women to riot in Richmond, Virginia, and demand that the Confederate government release emergency supplies
1865 American Civil War: The Siege of Petersburg is broken – Union troops capture the trenches around Petersburg, Virginia, forcing Confederate General Robert E. Lee to retreat
1865 American Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis and most of his Cabinet flee the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia
1885 Cree warriors attack the village of Frog Lake, North-West Territories, Canada, killing nine
1900 The United States Congress passes the Foraker Act, giving Puerto Rico limited self-rule
1902 Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg
1902 "Electric Theatre", the first full-time movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California
1911 The Australian Bureau of Statistics conducts the country's first national census
1912 The ill-fated RMS Titanic begins sea trials
1917 World War I: United States President Woodrow Wilson asks the U.S. Congress for a declaration of war on Germany
1921 The Autonomous Government of Khorasan, a military government encompassing the modern state of Iran, is established
1930 After the mysterious death of Empress Zewditu, Haile Selassie is proclaimed emperor of Ethiopia
1945 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established
1956 As the World Turns and The Edge of Night premiere on CBS-TV. The two soaps become the first daytime dramas to debut in the 30-minute format
1962 The first official panda crossing is opened outside London Waterloo station
1972 Actor Charlie Chaplin returns to the United States for the first time since being labeled a communist during the Red Scare in the early 1950s
1973 Launch of the LexisNexis computerized legal research service
1973 The Liberal Movement breaks away from the Liberal and Country League in South Australia
1975 Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from Quảng Ngãi Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops
1975 Construction of the CN Tower is completed in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It reaches 553.33 metres (1,815.4 ft) in height, becoming the world's tallest free-standing structure
1980 United States President Jimmy Carter signs the Crude Oil Windfall Profits Tax Act in an effort to help the U.S. economy rebound
1982 Falklands War: Argentina invades the Falkland Islands
1986 Alabama governor George Wallace, a former segregationist most widely known for the "Stand in the Schoolhouse Door", announces that he will not seek a fifth four-year term and will retire from public life upon the end of his term in January 1987
1989 Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev arrives in Havana, Cuba to meet with Fidel Castro in an attempt to mend strained relations
1991 Rita Johnston becomes the first female Premier of a Canadian province when she succeeds William Vander Zalm (who had resigned) as Premier of British Columbia
1992 In New York, Mafia boss John Gotti is convicted of murder and racketeering and is later sentenced to life in prison
1994 The National Convention of New Sudan of the SPLA/M opens in Chukudum
2002 Israeli forces surround the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem into which armed Palestinians had retreated; a siege ensues
2004 Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt to bomb the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid; the attack is thwarted
2006 Over 60 tornadoes break out in the United States; hardest hit is in Tennessee with 29 people killed
2012 A mass shooting at Oikos University at Oakland, California leaves seven people dead and three injured
2014 A spree shooting occurs at the Fort Hood Army Base near the town of Killeen, Texas, with four people dead, including the gunman, and 16 others sustaining injuries