April 20 in history

April 20 events chronologically

1303 The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by Pope Boniface VIII
1453 The last naval battle in Byzantine history occurs, as three Genoese galleys escorting a Byzantine transport fight their way through the huge Ottoman blockade fleet and into the Golden Horn
1534 Jacques Cartier begins the voyage during which he discovers Canada and Labrador
1535 The Sun dog phenomenon observed over Stockholm and depicted in the famous painting Vädersolstavlan
1653 Oliver Cromwell dissolves the Rump Parliament
1657 Freedom of religion is granted to the Jews of New Amsterdam (later New York City)
1657 Admiral Robert Blake destroys a Spanish silver fleet under heavy fire at the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife

Top 7 most famous people born on April 20

1808 Napoleon III the first President of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon He was the first President of France to be elected by a direct popular vote. However, when he was blocked by the Constitution and Parliament from running for a second term, he organized a coup d'état in 1851, and then took the throne as Napoleon III on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth anniversary of Napoleon I's coronation
1889 Adolf Hitler an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the Nazi Party. He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. Hitler was at the centre of Nazi Germany, World War II in Europe, and the Holocaust
1893 Joan Miró a Catalan Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundació Joan Miró, was established in his native city of Barcelona in 1975, and another, the Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró, was established in his adoptive city of Palma de Mallorca in 1981
1939 Gro Harlem Brundtland a former Prime Minister of Norway, a current Special Envoy with the United Nations, and the Deputy Chair of The Elders.
1949 Jessica Lange an American actress who has worked in film, theater and television. The recipient of several awards, including two Oscars, three Emmys, five Golden Globes, one SAG Award and three Dorian Awards, Lange is one of the most celebrated actresses of the modern era
1969 Felix Baumgartner an Austrian skydiver, daredevil and BASE jumper. He set world records for skydiving an estimated 39 km , reaching an estimated speed of 1,357.64 km/h , or Mach 1.25, on 14 October 2012, and became the first person to break the sound barrier without vehicular power on his descent. He broke skydiving records for exit altitude, vertical freefall distance without drogue, and vertical speed without drogue. Though he still holds the latter records, the first was broken two years later, when on 24 October 2014, Alan Eustace jumped from 135,890 feet - or, 41.42 km with a drogue
1976 Shay Given an Irish professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Aston Villa. He played at international level for the Republic of Ireland national football team. As he surpassed the total of 100 caps required for membership, he is thus a part of the FIFA Century Club. Given gained his first international cap in 1996 and played in goal during every match for his country during the 2002 FIFA World Cup campaign, helping them reach the knockout stage. He was later on the pitch in Paris when the Republic of Ireland were knocked out of the play-offs for a spot in the 2010 FIFA World Cup by France before helping his team qualify for UEFA Euro 2012

Top 7 most famous people died on April 20

168 Pope Anicetus the Bishop of Rome from 157 to his death in 168. According to the Annuario Pontificio, the start of his papacy may have been 153. His name is Greek for unconquered. According to the Liber Pontificalis, Anicetus was a Syrian from the city of Emesa
1314 Pope Clement V Pope from 5 June 1305 to his death in 1314. He is infamous for suppressing the order of the Knights Templar and allowing the execution of many of its members, and as the Pope who moved the Curia from Rome to Avignon, ushering in the period known as the Avignon Papacy
1472 Leon Battista Alberti an Italian humanist author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher and cryptographer; he epitomised the Renaissance Man. Although he is often characterized as an "architect" exclusively, as James Beck has observed, "to single out one of Leon Battista's 'fields' over others as somehow functionally independent and self-sufficient is of no help at all to any effort to characterize Alberti's extensive explorations in the fine arts." Alberti's life was described in Giorgio Vasari's Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects
1912 Bram Stoker an Irish author known today for his 1897 Gothic novel, Dracula. During his lifetime, he was better known as personal assistant of actor Henry Irving and business manager of the Lyceum Theatre in London, which Irving owned
1918 Karl Ferdinand Braun a German inventor, physicist and Nobel laureate in physics. Braun contributed significantly to the development of the radio and television technology : he shared with Guglielmo Marconi the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics
1970 Paul Celan a German language poet and translator. He was born as Paul Antschel to a Jewish family in Cernăuți , in the then Kingdom of Romania, , and adopted the pseudonym "Paul Celan".. He became one of the major German-language poets of the post-World War II era
1991 Steve Marriott an English musician, songwriter and frontman of two notable rock and roll bands, spanning over two decades. Marriott is remembered for his powerful singing voice which belied his small stature, and for his aggressive approach as a guitarist in mod Rock bands Small Faces and Humble Pie. Marriott was inducted posthumously into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2012 as a member of Small Faces