Died on April 22

296 Pope Caius the Bishop of Rome from 17 December 283 to his death in 296. Christian tradition makes him a native of the Dalmatian city of Salona, today Solin near Split, the son of a man also named Caius, and a member of a noble family related to the Emperor Diocletian. He was Illyrian
536 Pope Agapetus I Pope from 13 May 535 to his death in 536. He is not to be confused with another Saint Agapetus, an Early Christian martyr with the feast day of 6 August
591 Peter III of Raqqa the Patriarch of Antioch and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church from 581 until his death in 591.
1259 Adolf VII of Berg the eldest son of Henry IV, Duke of Limburg and Irmgard of Berg.
1322 John II Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg the eldest son of John I of Saxony and Ingeborg Birgersdotter of Småland , a daughter or grandchild of Birger jarl. He ruled Saxony jointly with his uncle Albert II and his brothers Albert III and Eric I, first fostered by Albert II, until coming of age. In 1296 John II, his brothers and their uncle divided Saxony into Saxe-Wittenberg, ruled by Albert II, and Saxe-Lauenburg, jointly ruled by the brothers between 1296 and 1303 and thereafter partitioned among them. John II then ruled the branch duchy of Saxe-Mölln, later extended to become Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln. In 1314 he officiated as Saxon Prince-elector in an election of a German king
1355 Eleanor of Woodstock an English princess and countess consort of Guelders by marriage. She was regent of Guelders as the guardian of her minor son from 1343 until 1344
1545 Louis X Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria , together with his older brother William IV, Duke of Bavaria. His parents were Albert IV and Kunigunde of Austria, a daughter of Emperor Frederick III
1546 García de Loaysa a Spanish Archbishop of Seville and Cardinal.
1616 Miguel de Cervantes a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright.
1662 John Tradescant the Younger a botanist and gardener, born in Meopham, Kent and educated at The King's School, Canterbury. Unlike his father, who collected specimens that other people brought back for him, he went in person to Virginia between 1628-1637 to collect plants. Among the seeds he brought back, to introduce to English gardens were great American trees, like Magnolias, Bald Cypress and Tulip tree, and garden plants such phlox and asters. He also added to the cabinet of curiosities his American acquisitions such as the ceremonial cloak of Chief Powhatan, one of the most important Native American relics. Tradescant Road, off South Lambeth Road in Vauxhall, marks the former boundary of the Tradescant estate, where the collection was kept
1669 Friedrich Wilhelm II Duke of Saxe-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Altenburg.
1672 Georg Stiernhielm a Swedish civil servant, linguist and poet.
1699 Hans Erasmus Aßmann a German statesman and poet from the second Silesian school.
1702 François Charpentier a French archaeologist and man of letters.
1725 Mahmud Hotaki an Afghan ruler of the Hotaki dynasty who overthrew the heavily declined Safavid dynasty to briefly become the king of Persia from 1722 until his death in 1725.
1758 Antoine de Jussieu a French naturalist.
1776 Yeongjo of Joseon the 21st king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. He was the second son of Sukjong by Royal Noble Consort Suk of the Haeju Choi clan, and succeeded his older brother Gyeongjong as Prince after considerable controversy
1776 Johann Adolf Scheibe a German-Danish composer and significant critic and theorist of music.
1782 Josef Seger a Bohemian organist, composer, and educator. After graduating in philosophy from the Charles University in Prague and studying music under Bohuslav Matěj Černohorský, Jan Zach, and others, Seger became organist of two churches in Prague and remained there until his death
1787 Josef Starzer an Austrian composer and violinist of the pre-classical period.
1801 Murad Bey an Egyptian Mamluk chieftain , cavalry commander and joint ruler of Egypt with Ibrahim Bey. He is often remembered as being a cruel and extortionate ruler
1806 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve a French naval officer during the Napoleonic Wars. He was in command of the French and the Spanish fleets that were defeated by Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar
1828 Nikolai Nikitich Demidov a Russian industrialist, collector and arts patron of the Demidov family.
1833 Richard Trevithick a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall, Born in the mining heartland of Cornwall, Trevithick was immersed in mining and engineering from a young age. The son of a mining captain, he performed poorly in school, but went on to be an early pioneer of steam-powered road and rail transport. His most significant contribution was to the development of the first high-pressure steam engine. He also built the first full-scale working railway steam locomotive. On 21 February 1804 the world's first locomotive-hauled railway journey took place as Trevithick's unnamed steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks, in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales
1838 Johan Baptist Spanoghe a Dutch botanical collector of Belgian parentage.
1839 Samuel Smith (Maryland) a United States Senator and Representative from Maryland, a mayor of Baltimore, Maryland, and a general in the Maryland militia. He was the brother of cabinet secretary Robert Smith
1840 James Prinsep an English scholar, orientalist and antiquary. He was the founding editor of the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal and is best remembered for deciphering the Kharosthi and Brahmi scripts of ancient India. He studied, documented and illustrated many aspects of numismatics, metallurgy, meteorology apart from pursuing his career in India as an assay master at the mint in Benares
1840 Luis Fernández de Córdova a Spanish military general, diplomat and first Marquis of Mendigorria.
1844 Henri-Montan Berton a French composer, teacher, and writer, and the son of Pierre Montan Berton.
1850 Friedrich Robert Faehlmann an Estonian writer, physician and philologist active in Livonia, Russian Empire. He was a co-founder of the Learned Estonian Society at the University of Dorpat and its chairman
1854 Nicolás Bravo a Mexican politician and soldier. He distinguished himself in both roles during the 1846–1848 U.S. invasion of Mexico
1862 Charles Ferdinand Prince of Capua the second son of Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his second wife Maria Isabella of Spain. He contracted a morganatic marriage in 1836 and had to live for the rest of his life in exile
1865 James Stirling (Royal Navy officer) a British naval officer and colonial administrator. His enthusiasm and persistence persuaded the British Government to establish the Swan River Colony and he became the first Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Western Australia. In 1854, when Commander-in-Chief, East Indies and China Station, Stirling on his own initiative signed Britain's first Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty. Throughout his career Stirling showed considerable diplomatic skill and was selected for a number of sensitive missions. Paradoxically, this was not reflected in his personal dealings with officialdom and his hopes for preferment received many rebuffs
1867 Alexander Petrov (chess player) a Russian chess player, chess composer, and chess writer.
1869 Nikolay Shcherbina a Russian poet of the 19th century.
1877 James P. Kirkwood a 19th-century American civil engineer, and general superintendent of the Erie Railroad in the year 1849-1850. He left the Erie to go to the southwest to construct railroads, and he made the first survey for the Pacific Railroad west from the Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains. Late 1860s he served as President of the American Society of Civil Engineers
1884 Jørgen Matthias Christian Schiødte a Danish entomologist. He was Professor at University of Copenhagen Zoological Museum
1889 Ivan Larionov a Russian composer, writer and folklorist. He is mostly remembered for the famous song "Kalinka", that he wrote in 1860
1892 Édouard Lalo a French composer.
1893 Chaim Aronson an inventor and memoirist. He was a Lithuanian Jew who lived during the time when Lithuania belonged to Tsarist Russia
1894 Alexander Schmidt (physiologist) a Baltic German physiologist from what was then the Governorate of Livonia in the Russian Empire. He was born on the island of Mohn, which is today known by its Estonian name Muhu, in present-day Estonia
1895 Robert Hamilton (civil servant) the sixth Governor, and the Commander-in-Chief of the then British colony of Tasmania from 11 March 1887, until 30 November 1892, during which time he oversaw the ministries of two Tasmanian Premiers. Sir Philip Fysh and Henry Dobson , both of whom, he curiously insisted on incorrectly referring to as Prime Minister
1895 Étienne Léopold Trouvelot a French artist, astronomer and amateur entomologist. He is most noted for the unfortunate introduction of the Gypsy Moth into North America
1896 Mårten Eskil Winge a Swedish artist especially known for his Norse mythology paintings. He was a friend of August Malmström and under influence from Nils Blommér and Carl Wahlbom. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting
1896 Thomas Meik a British engineer, born in Duddingston, Midlothian.
1899 Johann Köler a leader of the Estonian national awakening and a painter. He is considered as the first professional painter of the emerging nation. He distinguished himself primarily by his portraiture and to a lesser extent by his landscape paintings. Some of his most notable pictures depict the Estonian rural life in the second half of the 19th century
1900 Amédée-François Lamy a French military officer. He was born at Mougins, in the French département of Alpes-Maritimes on 7 February 1858 and died in the battle of Kousséri on 22 April 1900
1900 Rabih az-Zubayr a Sudanese warlord and slave trader who established a powerful empire west of Lake Chad, in today's Chad.
1901 William Stubbs an English historian and Bishop of Oxford.
1907 Frans Reinhold Kjellman known in particular for his work on Arctic algae.