Died on April 24

624 Mellitus the first Bishop of London in the Saxon period, the third Archbishop of Canterbury, and a member of the Gregorian mission sent to England to convert the Anglo-Saxons from their native paganism to Christianity. He arrived in 601 AD with a group of clergymen sent to augment the mission, and was consecrated as Bishop of London in 604. Mellitus was the recipient of a famous letter from Pope Gregory I known as the Epistola ad Mellitum, preserved in a later work by the medieval chronicler Bede, which suggested the conversion of the Anglo-Saxons be undertaken gradually, integrating pagan rituals and customs. In 610, Mellitus returned to Italy to attend a council of bishops, and returned to England bearing papal letters to some of the missionaries
1101 Vseslav of Polotsk the most famous ruler of Polotsk and was briefly Grand Prince of Kiev in 1068–1069. Together with Rostislav Vladimirovich and voivode Vyshata made up a coalition against the Yaroslaviches triumvirate. Polotsk's Cathedral of Holy Wisdom is one of the most enduring monuments on the lands of modern Belarus and dates to his 57-year reign
1248 Güyük Khan the third Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. As the eldest son of Ögedei Khan and a grandson of Genghis Khan, he reigned from 1246 to 1248. He was given the temple name Ting-Tsung later by Kublai Khan, who founded the Yuan Dynasty
1338 Theodore I Marquess of Montferrat Marquess of Montferrat from 1306 until his death.
1383 Henry III Duke of Mecklenburg Duke of Mecklenburg from 1379 until his death.
1580 Philippine Welser the morganatic wife of Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria. She was granted the titles Baroness of Zinnenburg, Margravine of Burgau, Landgravine of Mellenburg and Countess of Oberhohenberg and Niederhohenberg
1617 Concino Concini an Italian politician, best known for being a minister of Louis XIII of France, as the favourite of his mother.
1622 Fidelis of Sigmaringen O.F.M. Cap. , was a Capuchin friar who was a major figure in the Counter-Reformation, and was murdered by his opponents at Seewis im Prättigau, now part of Switzerland. Fidelis was canonized in 1746
1656 Thomas Fincke a Danish mathematician and physicist, and a professor at the University of Copenhagen for more than 60 years.
1671 François Vatel the majordomo of Nicolas Fouquet and prince Louis II de Bourbon-Condé.
1678 Louis VI Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1661 to 1678.
1684 Rudolf Capell a German historian, linguist and pedagogue. He was renowned internationally as one of the great learned men of his time
1707 Bernard Desjean Baron de Pointis a French admiral and privateer.
1710 Manuel de Oms 1st Marquis of Castelldosrius a Spanish diplomat, man of letters, and colonial official. From July 7, 1707 to April 22, 1710, he was viceroy of Peru
1723 Abraham Davel a soldier and patriot of Vaud.
1726 Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp Prince of Eutin a cadet of the reigning ducal House of Holstein-Gottorp who became prince of Eutin, prince-bishop of Lübeck and regent of the Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp.
1731 Daniel Defoe an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer and spy, now most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe. Defoe is notable for being one of the earliest proponents of the novel, as he helped to popularise the form in Britain and with others such as Samuel Richardson, is among the founders of the English novel. A prolific and versatile writer, he wrote more than five hundred books, pamphlets and journals on various topics. He was also a pioneer of economic journalism
1748 Anton thor Helle the translator of the first Bible in Estonian in 1739, and the first Estonian grammar. The New Testament was a North Estonian revision of the 1648 version by Johannes Gutslaff author of Observationes Grammaticae circa linguam Esthonicam, and Helle's version was revised many times, including by Malm in 1896
1779 Eleazar Wheelock an American Congregational minister, orator, and educator in Lebanon, Connecticut, for 35 years before founding Dartmouth College in New Hampshire. He had tutored Samson Occom, a Mohegan who became a Presbyterian minister and the first Native American to publish writings in English. Before founding Dartmouth, Wheelock had founded and run the Moor's Charity School in Connecticut to educate Native Americans. The college was primarily for the sons of English colonists
1794 Axel von Fersen the Elder a Swedish statesman and soldier.
1816 Friedrich Karl Ludwig Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck the fifth and penultimate Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck. Friedrich Karl Ludwig was the son of Prince Karl Anton August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and his wife Countess Charlotte of Dohna-Schlodien
1817 Thomas P. Grosvenor a United States Representative from New York.
1821 Athanasios Diakos a Greek military commander during the Greek War of Independence, considered a venerable national hero in Greece.
1821 Johann Peter Frank a German physician and hygienist who was a native of Rodalben.
1832 Friedrich Gottlob Hayne a German botanist, taxonomist, pharmacist and professor.
1836 Firmin Didot a French printer, engraver, and type founder. He invented the word "stereotype", which in printing refers to the metal printing plate created for the actual printing of pages , and used the process extensively, revolutionizing the book trade by his cheap editions. His manufactory was a place of pilgrimage for the printers of the world
1846 Girolamo Crescentini a noted Italian singer castrato , a singing teacher and a composer.
1852 Christian Heinrich Pfaff a German physician, chemist and physicist.
1852 Leopold Grand Duke of Baden I, Grand Duke of Baden succeeded in 1830 as the fourth Grand Duke of Baden.
1852 Vasily Zhukovsky the foremost Russian poet of the 1810s and a leading figure in Russian literature in the first half of the 19th century. He held a high position at the Romanov court as tutor to the Grand Duchess Alexandra Feodorovna and later to her son, the future Tsar-Liberator Alexander II
1854 Gabriele Rossetti an Italian poet and scholar who emigrated to England.
1860 Konstanty Adam Czartoryski a Polish szlachcic. Colonel since 1809 in the Duchy of Warsaw and Brigadier General since 1815 in Congress Poland
1864 Franz Wilhelm Junghuhn a German-Dutch botanist and geologist. His father, Friedrich Junghuhn was a barber and a surgeon. His mother was Christine Marie Schiele. Junghuhn studied medicine in Halle and in Berlin from 1827 to 1831, meanwhile publishing a seminal paper on mushrooms in Limnaea. Ein Journal für Botanik
1865 Nicholas Alexandrovich Tsarevich of Russia For the son of Alexander III, who succeeded his father on the throne in 1894, see Nicholas II of Russia.
1866 Hermann Hupfeld German Orientalist and Biblical commentator. He is known for his historical-critical studies of the Old Testament
1870 Nestor Roqueplan a French writer, journalist, and theatre director.
1870 Louisa Stuart Costello a writer on travel and French history.
1871 Karl Girardet a Swiss painter and illustrator who lived and worked mostly in Paris. After beginning his career as a landscape painter, he became a renowned history painter as well as a confidant to King Louis-Philippe I and an official court painter. He belonged to the Girardet family of artists
1874 John Phillips (geologist) an English geologist. In 1841 he published the first global geologic time scale based on the correlation of fossils in rock strata, thereby helping to standardize terminology including the term Mesozoic, which he invented
1875 William Winwood Reade a British historian, explorer, and philosopher. His two best-known books, The Martyrdom of Man and The Outcast , were included in the Thinker's Library
1878 Giovanni Zanardini an Italian physician and botanist who specialized in the field of phycology.
1878 Heinrich Leo a Prussian historian born in Rudolstadt, his father being chaplain to the garrison there.
1881 James Thomas Fields an American publisher, editor, and poet.
1881 Gottlob Ludwig Rabenhorst a German botanist and mycologist.
1883 Jules Sandeau a French novelist.
1884 Marie Taglioni an Italian/Swedish ballet dancer of the Romantic ballet era, a central figure in the history of European dance.
1889 William Henry Bury suspected of being the notorious serial killer "Jack the Ripper". He was hanged for the murder of his wife Ellen in 1889, and was the last person executed in Dundee, Scotland
1891 Helmuth von Moltke the Elder a German Field Marshal. The chief of staff of the Prussian Army for thirty years, he is regarded as the creator of a new, more modern method of directing armies in the field. He is often referred to as Moltke the Elder to distinguish him from his nephew Helmuth Johann Ludwig von Moltke, who commanded the German Army at the outbreak of World War I
1898 Lucian Müller a German classical scholar.
1900 George Campbell 8th Duke of Argyll a Scottish peer and Liberal politician as well as a writer on science, religion, and the politics of the 19th century.