April 24 events in history

1547 Battle of Mühlberg. Duke of Alba, commanding Spanish-Imperial forces of Charles I of Spain, defeats the troops of Schmalkaldic League
1558 Mary, Queen of Scots, marries the Dauphin of France, François, at Notre Dame de Paris
1704 The first regular newspaper in British Colonial America, the News-Letter, is published in Boston, Massachusetts
1800 The United States Library of Congress is established when President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 USD to purchase "such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress"
1877 Russo-Turkish War: Russian Empire declares war on Ottoman Empire
1885 American sharpshooter Annie Oakley is hired by Nate Salsbury to be a part of Buffalo Bill's Wild West
1895 Joshua Slocum, the first person to sail single-handedly around the world, sets sail from Boston, Massachusetts aboard the sloop "Spray"
1904 The Lithuanian press ban is lifted after almost 40 years
1907 Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, is opened
1913 The Woolworth Building skyscraper in New York City is opened
1914 The Franck–Hertz experiment, a pillar of quantum mechanics, is presented to the German Physical Society
1915 The arrest of 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Istanbul marks the beginning of the Armenian Genocide
1916 Easter Rising: The Irish Republican Brotherhood led by nationalists Patrick Pearse, James Connolly, and Joseph Plunkett starts a rebellion in Ireland
1916 Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for the ice-trapped ship Endurance
1918 First tank-to-tank combat, at Villers-Bretonneux, France, when three British Mark IVs meet three German A7Vs
1922 The first segment of the Imperial Wireless Chain providing wireless telegraphy between Leafield in Oxfordshire, England, and Cairo, Egypt, comes into operation
1923 In Vienna, the paper Das Ich und das Es (The Ego and the Id) by Sigmund Freud is published, which outlines Freud's theories of the id, ego, and super-ego
1926 The Treaty of Berlin is signed. Germany and the Soviet Union each pledge neutrality in the event of an attack on the other by a third party for the next five years
1932 Benny Rothman leads the mass trespass of Kinder Scout, leading to substantial legal reforms in the United Kingdom
1933 Nazi Germany begins its persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses by shutting down the Watch Tower Society office in Magdeburg
1953 Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II
1955 The Bandung Conference ends: Twenty-nine non-aligned nations of Asia and Africa finish a meeting that condemns colonialism, racism, and the Cold War
1957 Suez Crisis: The Suez Canal is reopened following the introduction of UNEF peacekeepers to the region
1957 The BBC first broadcast The Sky at Night presented by Patrick Moore
1963 Marriage of HRH Princess Alexandra of Kent to the Hon Angus Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey in London
1965 Civil war breaks out in the Dominican Republic when Colonel Francisco Caamaño, overthrows the triumvirate that had been in power since the coup d'état against Juan Bosch
1967 Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov dies in Soyuz 1 when its parachute fails to open. He is the first human to die during a space mission
1967 Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had "gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily."
1968 Mauritius becomes a member state of the United Nations
1970 The first Chinese satellite, Dong Fang Hong I, is launched
1970 The Gambia becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations, with Dawda Jawara as the first President
1971 Soyuz 10 docks with Salyut 1
1980 Eight U.S. servicemen die in Operation Eagle Claw as they attempt to end the Iran hostage crisis
1990 STS-31: The Hubble Space Telescope is launched from the Space Shuttle Discovery. Shuttle mission STS-31 lifts off, carrying Hubble into orbit
1990 Gruinard Island, Scotland, is officially declared free of the anthrax disease after 48 years of quarantine
1993 An IRA bomb devastates the Bishopsgate area of London
1996 In the United States, the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is passed into law
2004 The United States lifts economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years previously, as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction
2005 Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as the 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church taking the name Pope Benedict XVI
2005 Snuppy becomes world's first cloned dog
2013 A building collapses near Dhaka, Bangladesh, killing 1,129 people and injuring 2,500 others