Died on April 25

501 Saint Rusticus (Archbishop of Lyon) the Archbishop of Lyon, since the year 494, the successor of Saint Lupicinus of Lyon. Later canonized, his feast day is 25 April. He was the son of Aquilinus , nobleman at Lyon; and a schoolfellow and friend of Sidonius Apollinaris, who was a vicarius of a province in Gaul under the father of Sidonius between 423 and 448, and his wife Tullia , and the great-grandson of Decimus Rusticus and his wife Artemia, and also of Saint Eucherius and his wife Gallia. He was also the brother of Viventiolus
1074 Herman I Margrave of Baden the Margrave of Verona and the ancestor of the line of Margraves of Baden.
1077 Géza I of Hungary King of Hungary from 1074 until his death. He was the eldest son of King Béla His baptismal name was Magnus. When his father died in 1063, Géza's cousin Solomon acquired the crown with German assistance, forcing Géza to leave Hungary. Géza returned with Polish reinforcements and signed a treaty with Solomon in early 1064. In the treaty, Géza and his brother, Ladislaus acknowledged the rule of Solomon, who granted them their father's former duchy, which encompassed one-third of the Kingdom of Hungary
1196 Alfonso II of Aragon the King of Aragon and, as Alfons I, the Count of Barcelona from 1164 until his death. He was the son of the count Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and the Queen Petronilla of Aragon and the first King of Aragon who was also Count of Barcelona. He was also Count of Provence from 1166 or shortly before, which he acquired from Countess Douce II, until 1173, when he ceded it to his brother Berenguer. His reign has been characterised by nationalistic and nostalgic Catalan historians, as l'engrandiment occitànic or "the Pyrenean unity": a great scheme to unite various lands on both sides of the Pyrenees under the rule of the House of Barcelona
1217 Hermann I Landgrave of Thuringia the second son of Louis II, Landgrave of Thuringia , and Judith of Hohenstaufen, the sister of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. The composition of the Latin hymns Veni Sancte Spiritus and Salve palatine of Saxony are attributed to him
1228 Isabella II of Jerusalem a princess of French origin who became monarch of Jerusalem.
1264 Roger de Quincy 2nd Earl of Winchester a medieval nobleman who was prominent on both sides of the Anglo-Scottish border, as Earl of Winchester and Constable of Scotland.
1271 Master Gerhard the first master mason of Cologne Cathedral. He was also known as Gerhard von Rile or by the Latin version of his name, Meister Gerardus
1286 Bernard the Lightsome a Duke of Lwówek since 1278 and Jawor during 1278–1281.
1295 Sancho IV of Castile the King of Castile, León and Galicia from 1284 to his death. He was the second son of Alfonso X and Yolanda, daughter of James I of Aragon
1342 Pope Benedict XII Pope from 20 December 1334 to his death in 1342. He was the third Avignon Pope
1362 Muhammed VI Sultan of Granada the brother in-law of Ismail II, by his marriage to one of Ismail II's full-blood sisters, and the tenth Nasrid ruler of Granada in Iberia. He was a second cousin of Muhammed V and Ismail II, whom he conspired against. He was descended from the collateral female branch of the Nasrid Dynasty through his great-grandmother Fatima, daughter of Muhammed II al-Faqih; her second son Muhammad sired a son Ismail, who was father of Muhammed He was known in Spanish as El Bermejo for his red hair. Yusuf IV was his maternal grandson
1397 Thomas Holland 2nd Earl of Kent an English nobleman and a councillor of his half-brother, King Richard II of England.
1516 John Yonge born at Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire, and educated at Winchester and New College, Oxford, where he became a fellow in 1485. Probably the son of John Yonge, Lord Mayor of London. He was ordained in 1500 and held several livings before receiving his first diplomatic mission to arrange a commercial treaty with the archduke of Austria in 1504, and in the Low Countries in 1506 in connection with the projected marriage between Henry VII and Margaret of Savoy
1566 Diane de Poitiers a French noblewoman and a prominent courtier at the courts of kings Francis I and his son, Henry II of France. She became notorious as the latter's favourite. It was in this capacity that she wielded much influence and power at the French Court, which continued until Henry was mortally wounded in a tournament accident, during which his lance wore her favour rather than his wife's
1566 Louise Labé a female French poet of the Renaissance, born in Lyon, the daughter of a rich ropemaker, Pierre Charly, and his second wife, Etiennette Roybet. A recent book has argued that the poetry ascribed to her was a feminist creation of a number of French male poets of the Renaissance
1574 Jan Firlej a Polish nobleman , and Calvinist activist.
1595 Torquato Tasso an Italian poet of the 16th century, best known for his poem La Gerusalemme liberata , in which he depicts a highly imaginative version of the combats between Christians and Muslims at the end of the First Crusade, during the siege of Jerusalem. He suffered from mental illness and died a few days before he was due to be crowned as the king of poets by the Pope. Until the beginning of the 20th century, Tasso remained one of the most widely read poets in Europe
1603 George Frederick Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach Margrave of Ansbach and Bayreuth, as well as Regent of Prussia. He was the son of George, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and a member of the House of Hohenzollern. He married firstly, in 1559, Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Küstrin. He married secondly, in 1579, Sophie of Brunswick-Lüneburg , daughter of William of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Dorothea of Denmark
1604 Pietro de' Medici the youngest son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleonora di Toledo.
1605 Naresuan the King of the Ayutthaya kingdom from 1590 until his death in 1605. Naresuan was one of Siam's most revered monarchs as he was known for his campaigns to free Siam from Burmese rule. During his reign numerous wars were fought against Burma
1607 Jacob van Heemskerk a Dutch explorer and later admiral commanding the Dutch fleet at the Battle of Gibraltar.
1635 Alessandro Tassoni an Italian poet and writer.
1644 Chongzhen Emperor the 16th and last emperor of the Ming Dynasty in China. He reigned from 1627 to 1644, under an era name that means "honorable and auspicious"
1660 Henry Hammond an English churchman.
1667 Peter of Saint Joseph Betancur a Spanish saint and missionary. Known as the "St. Francis of Assisi of the Americas", he is the first saint native to the Canary Islands, is also considered the first saint of Guatemala and Central America
1690 David Teniers the Younger a Flemish artist born in Antwerp, the son of David Teniers the Elder. His son David Teniers III and his grandson David Teniers IV were also painters. His wife Anna, née Anna Breughel, was the daughter of Jan Brueghel the Elder and the granddaughter of Pieter Bruegel the Elder
1725 Paul de Rapin a French historian writing under English patronage.
1734 Johann Conrad Dippel a German pietist theologian, alchemist and physician.
1739 Santiago de Murcia a Spanish guitarist and composer.
1744 Anders Celsius a Swedish astronomer, physicist and mathematician. He was professor of astronomy at Uppsala University from 1730 to 1744, but traveled from 1732 to 1735 visiting notable observatories in Germany, Italy and France. He founded the Uppsala Astronomical Observatory in 1741, and in 1742 proposed the Celsius temperature scale which bears his name
1747 François Gigot de la Peyronie a French surgeon who was born in Montpellier, France. His name is associated with a condition known as Peyronie's disease
1770 Jean-Antoine Nollet a French clergyman and physicist. As a priest, he was also known as Abbé Nollet
1794 Szymon Marcin Kossakowski a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman , and one of the leaders of the Targowica Confederation. In 1793, he became the last Great Hetman of Lithuania
1800 William Cowper an English poet and hymnodist. One of the most popular poets of his time, Cowper changed the direction of 18th century nature poetry by writing of everyday life and scenes of the English countryside. In many ways, he was one of the forerunners of Romantic poetry. Samuel Taylor Coleridge called him "the best modern poet", whilst William Wordsworth particularly admired his poem Yardley-Oak. He was a nephew of the poet Judith Madan
1805 Anna Lopukhina a royal mistress to Emperor Paul of Russia. In 1798, She replaced Catherine Nelidova as the chief mistress
1805 Jean-Baptiste Gaspard d'Ansse de Villoison a classical scholar born at Corbeil-sur-Seine, France.
1814 Louis-Sébastien Mercier a French dramatist and writer.
1817 Joseph von Sonnenfels an Austrian and German jurist and novelist. He was among the leaders of the Illuminati movement in Austria, and a close friend and patron of Mozart. He is also the dedicatee of Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata 15, 28, which was published in 1801
1820 Constantin François de Chassebœuf comte de Volney a French philosopher, abolitionist, historian, orientalist, and politician. He was at first surnamed Boisgirais after his father's estate, but afterwards assumed the name of Volney
1826 Karl Ludwig von Phull a German general in the service of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Russian Empire. Phull served as Chief of the General Staff of King Frederick William III of Prussia in the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt. While in Russian service, he successfully advocated for a scorched earth policy during Napoleon's invasion of Russia
1827 Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen a member of the House of Saxe-Meiningen and a Princess of Saxe-Meiningen by birth and a member of the House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg through her marriage to Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
1840 Siméon Denis Poisson a French mathematician, geometer, and physicist. He obtained many important results, but within the elite Académie des Sciences he also was the final leading opponent of the wave theory of light and was proven wrong on that matter by Augustin-Jean Fresnel
1850 Karl Ernst Wilhelm von Canitz und Dallwitz a Prussian general and statesman.
1853 William Beaumont a surgeon in the U.S. Army who became known as the "Father of Gastric Physiology" following his research on human digestion
1865 György Kmety a general in the Hungarian army, and in the Ottoman army under the name Isma'il pasha.
1866 Józef Bonawentura Załuski a Polish General Officer and diarist, and participant in the Napoleonic Wars of 1808–1814.
1867 Gavriil Antonovich Katakazi a Russian diplomat and privy councillor, also notable as the father of Konstantin Katakazi, Russian ambassador to the United States.
1870 Daniel Maclise an Irish history, literary and portrait painter, and illustrator, who worked for most of his life in London, England.
1873 Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy a Russian artist who served as Vice-President of the Imperial Academy of Arts for forty years. His works — wax-reliefs, watercolours, medallions, and silhouettes — are distinguished by a cool detachment and spare and economical classicism