April 26 in history

April 26 events chronologically

1336 Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) ascends Mont Ventoux
1478 The Pazzi attack Lorenzo de' Medici and kill his brother Giuliano during High Mass in the Duomo of Florence
1564 Playwright William Shakespeare was baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England (date of actual birth is unknown)
1607 English colonists make landfall at Cape Henry, Virginia
1721 A massive earthquake devastates the Iranian city of Tabriz
1802 Napoleon Bonaparte signs a general amnesty to allow all but about one thousand of the most notorious émigrés of the French Revolution to return to France, as part of a reconciliary gesture with the factions of the Ancien Régime and to eventually consolidate his own rule
1803 Thousands of meteor fragments fall from the skies of L'Aigle, France; the event convinces European science that meteors exist

Top 7 most famous people born on April 26

121 Marcus Aurelius Roman Emperor from 161 to 180. He ruled with Lucius Verus as co-emperor from 161 until Verus' death in 169. He was the last of the Five Good Emperors, and is also considered one of the most important Stoic philosophers
1564 William Shakespeare an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His extant works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, the authorship of some of which is uncertain. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright
1785 John James Audubon an American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter. He was notable for his expansive studies to document all types of American birds and for his detailed illustrations that depicted the birds in their natural habitats. His major work, a color-plate book entitled The Birds of America , is considered one of the finest ornithological works ever completed. Audubon identified 25 new species
1889 Ludwig Wittgenstein an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language. From 1929–1947, Wittgenstein taught at the University of Cambridge. During his lifetime he published just one slim book, the 75-page Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus , one article, one book review and a children's dictionary. His voluminous manuscripts were edited and published posthumously. Philosophical Investigations appeared as a book in 1953 and by the end of the century it was considered an important modern classic. Philosopher Bertrand Russell described Wittgenstein as "the most perfect example I have ever known of genius as traditionally conceived; passionate, profound, intense, and dominating"
1894 Rudolf Hess a prominent politician in Nazi Germany. Appointed Deputy Führer to Adolf Hitler in 1933, he served in this position until 1941, when he flew solo to Scotland in an attempt to negotiate peace with the United Kingdom during World War He was taken prisoner and eventually was convicted of crimes against peace, serving a life sentence
1917 I. M. Pei Ieoh Ming Pei , commonly known as M. Pei, is a Chinese-born American architect often called the master of modern architecture. In 1948 Pei was recruited by New York real estate magnate William Zeckendorf. There he spent seven years before establishing his own independent design firm M. Pei & Associates in 1955 which became I.M. Pei & Partners in 1966 and later in 1989 became Pei Cobb Freed & Partners. Pei retired from full-time practice in 1990. Since then, he has taken on work as an architectural consultant primarily from his sons' architectural firm Pei Partnership Architects. Among the early projects on which Pei took the lead were the L'Enfant Plaza Hotel in Washington, DC and the Green Building at MIT. His first major recognition came with the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Colorado; his new stature led to his selection as chief architect for the John Kennedy Library in Massachusetts. He went on to design Dallas City Hall and the East Building of the National Gallery of Art
1967 Kane (wrestler) an American professional wrestler, actor and insurer. He works for WWE, and is best known by his ring name Kane. Jacobs starred in his first feature film in 2006, with the release of See No Evil. Jacobs began his professional wrestling career on the independent circuit in 1992. He wrestled in promotions such as Smoky Mountain Wrestling and the United States Wrestling Association before joining the World Wrestling Federation in 1995. Jacobs played various characters until 1997, when he was repackaged as Kane, the masked half-brother of The Undertaker, whom Jacobs would alternatively feud or team with as the Brothers of Destruction. Following his debut, Kane remained a pivotal component of the company's Attitude Era of the late 1990s and early 2000s, defeating Stone Cold Steve Austin – described as the "poster boy" of that era – for the WWF Championship in his first pay-per-view main event at King of the Ring 1998. He has continued to headline WWE pay-per-view cards in world championship matches through 2014

Top 7 most famous people died on April 26

1865 John Wilkes Booth an American stage actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre, in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 1865. Booth was a member of the prominent 19th-century Booth theatrical family from Maryland and, by the 1860s, was a well-known actor. He was also a Confederate sympathizer, vehement in his denunciation of Lincoln, and strongly opposed the abolition of slavery in the United States
1910 Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson a Norwegian writer who received the 1903 Nobel Prize in Literature "as a tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit". Bjørnson is considered to be one of The Four Greats among Norwegian writers, the others being Henrik Ibsen, Jonas Lie, and Alexander Kielland. Bjørnson is also celebrated for his lyrics to the Norwegian National Anthem, "Ja, vi elsker dette landet"
1920 Srinivasa Ramanujan an Indian mathematician and autodidact who, with almost no formal training in pure mathematics, made extraordinary contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions. Ramanujan initially developed his own mathematical research in isolation, which was quickly recognized by Indian mathematicians. When his skills became apparent to the wider mathematical community, centered in Europe at the time, he began a famous partnership with the English mathematician H. Hardy. He rediscovered previously known theorems in addition to producing new work. Ramanujan was said to be a natural genius, in the same league as mathematicians such as Euler and Gauss
1951 Arnold Sommerfeld a German theoretical physicist who pioneered developments in atomic and quantum physics, and also educated and mentored a large number of students for the new era of theoretical physics. His PhD students earned more Nobel prizes in physics than any other supervisor's, ever. He introduced the 2nd quantum number and the 4th quantum number. He also introduced the fine-structure constant and pioneered X-ray wave theory
1984 Count Basie an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer. His mother taught him to play the piano and he started performing in his teens. Dropping out of school, he learned to operate lights for vaudeville and to improvise accompaniment for silent films at a local movie theater in his home town of Red Bank, New Jersey. By 16 he increasingly played jazz piano at parties, resorts and other venues. In 1924 he went to Harlem, where his performing career expanded; he toured with groups to the major jazz cities of Chicago, Louis and Kansas City. In 1929 he joined Bennie Moten's band in Kansas City, and played with them until Moten's death in 1935
1989 Lucille Ball an American comedienne, model, film and television actress, and studio executive. She was star of the sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy–Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show, Here's Lucy, and Life with Lucy. Ball had one of Hollywood's longest careers
2003 Yun Hyon-seok a South Korean writer, poet and LGBT activist. He committed suicide in protest against discrimination against homosexuals in South Korea