Died on April 26

499 Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei an emperor of the Northern Wei from September 20, 471 to April 26, 499.
645 Richarius a Frankish hermit, monk, and the founder of two monasteries. He is venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church
757 Pope Stephen II Pope from 26 March 752 to his death in 757. He succeeded Pope Zachary following the death of Pope-elect Stephen. Stephen II marks the historical delineation between the Byzantine Papacy and the Frankish Papacy
909 Fujiwara no Tokihira a Japanese statesman, courtier and politician during the Heian period.
1192 Emperor Go-Shirakawa the 77th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1155 through 1158
1290 Gaston VII Viscount of Béarn the twentieth Viscount of Béarn from 1229. He was the son and heir of Guillermo II de Montcada and Garsenda, daughter of Alfonso II of Provence and Garsenda of Forcalquier. He was succeeded by Roger Bernard III of Foix
1310 Constance of Béarn suo jure Viscountess of Marsan as well as titular Countess of Bigorre, daughter of Gaston VII, Viscount of Béarn and his first wife Martha of Marsan. Constance inherited all of her titles from her mother and contended to inherit her father's Viscount of Béarn. She was married three times during her lifetime, marrying into the royal families of Aragon, Castile and England. "
1395 Catherine of Bohemia Electress of Brandenburg, the second daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV and Blanche of Valois.
1444 Robert Campin usually considered the first great master of Flemish and Early Netherlandish painting. This had been a matter of controversy for decades; Campin's life is relatively well documented for the period, but no works in assessable condition could be securely connected with him, whilst a corpus of work had been attached to the unidentified "Master of Flémalle", named after the supposed origin of a work
1476 Simonetta Vespucci an Italian Renaissance noblewoman from Genoa and the wife of Marco Vespucci of Florence. She was renowned for being the greatest beauty of her age—certainly of the city of Florence
1478 Giuliano de' Medici the second son of Piero de' Medici and Lucrezia Tornabuoni. As co-ruler of Florence, with his brother Lorenzo the Magnificent, he complemented his brother's image as the "patron of the arts" with his own image as the handsome, sporting, "golden boy."
1489 Ashikaga Yoshihisa the 9th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1473 to 1489 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshihisa was the son of the eighth shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa
1556 Valentin Friedland an eminent German scholar and educationist of the Reformation. Friedland was a friend of Martin Luther and Melanchthon. His fame as a teacher was an attraction of Goldberg in Silesia, where he taught pupils from far and near. The secret of his success lay in his inculcating on his pupils respect for their own honour. He had a great faith in the intelligence that evinced itself in clear expression
1558 Jean Fernel a French physician who introduced the term "physiology" to describe the study of the body's function. He was the first person to describe the spinal canal. The lunar crater Fernelius is named after him
1600 Conrad Dasypodius a professor of mathematics in Strasbourg, Alsace. He was born in Frauenfeld, Thurgau, Switzerland. His first name was also rendered as Konrad or Conradus or Cunradus, and his last name has been alternatively stated as Rauchfuss, Rauchfuß, and Hasenfratz. He was the son of Petrus Dasypodius , a humanist and lexicographer
1641 Hosokawa Tadatoshi a Japanese samurai daimyo of the early Edo period. He was the head of Kumamoto Domain. He was a patron of the martial artist Miyamoto Musashi
1652 Jean-Pierre Camus a French bishop, preacher, and author of works of fiction and spirituality.
1660 Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (1597–1660) the wife of George William, Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, and the mother of Frederick William of Brandenburg, the "Great Elector".
1684 Jan Davidsz. de Heem a still life painter who was active in Utrecht and Antwerp. He is a major representative of that genre in both Dutch and Flemish Baroque painting
1707 Johann Christoph Denner attributed.
1716 John Somers 1st Baron Somers an English Whig jurist and statesman. Somers first came to national attention in the trial of the Seven Bishops where he was on their defence counsel. He published tracts on political topics such as the succession to the crown, where he elaborated his Whig principles in support of the Exclusionists. He played a leading part in shaping the Revolution settlement. He was Lord High Chancellor of England under King William III and was a chief architect of the union between England and Scotland achieved in 1707 and the Protestant succession achieved in 1714. He was a leading Whig during the twenty-five years after 1688; with four colleagues he formed the Whig Junto
1717 Samuel Bellamy an English pirate who operated in the early 18th century. Though his known career as a pirate captain lasted little more than a year, he and his crew captured at least 53 ships under his command – making him the wealthiest pirate in recorded history – before his death at age 28. Called "Black Sam" in Cape Cod folklore because he eschewed the fashionable powdered wig in favor of tying back his long black hair with a simple band, Bellamy became known for his mercy and generosity toward those he captured on his raids. This reputation earned him another nickname, the "Prince of Pirates". He likened himself to Robin Hood, with his crew calling themselves "Robin Hood's Men"
1726 Jeremy Collier an English theatre critic, non-juror bishop and theologian.
1748 Muhammad Shah the Mughal emperor between 1719 and 1748. He was son of Khujista Akhtar, the fourth son of Bahadur Shah Ascending the throne at 17 with the help of the Sayyid Brothers, he later got rid of them with the help of Asaf Jah Muhammad Shah was a great patron of the arts, including musical, cultural and administrative developments, his pen-name was Sada Rangila
1784 Nano Nagle a pioneer of Catholic education in Ireland. She was declared venerable in the Roman Catholic Church on 31 October 2013 by Pope Francis
1789 Petr Ivanovich Panin General Count Petr Ivanovich Panin , younger brother of Nikita Ivanovich Panin, fought with distinction in the Seven Years' War and in the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774, capturing Bender on September 26, 1770. In 1773–1775, he participated in suppressing Pugachev's rebellion. He died in Moscow, as the senior General of the Russian Army. He is the father of Nikita Petrovich Panin
1796 Paul Dietrich Giseke a German botanist, physician, teacher and librarian.
1811 John Fraser (botanist) a Scottish botanist who collected plant specimens around the world, from North America and the West Indies to Russia and points between, with his primary career activity from 1780 to 1810. Fraser was a commissioned plant collector for Catherine, Czar of Russia in 1795, Paul I of Russia in 1798, and for the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna in 1806; he issued nursery catalogues 1790 and 1796, and had an important herbarium that was eventually sold to the Linnean Society
1815 Carsten Niebuhr renowned for his participation in the 1761 Danish Arabia Expedition.
1827 János Bihari an influential Hungarian Romani violinist. He is one of the founders of Romani academic music and the musical genre verbunkos
1835 Henry Kater an English physicist of German descent.
1855 Maria Zhukova a Russian writer.
1860 Theoklitos Farmakidis a Greek scholar and journalist. He was a notable figure of the Modern Greek Enlightenment
1861 Jakob Philipp Fallmerayer a Tyrolean traveller, journalist, politician and historian, best known for his controversial theories concerning the racial origins of the Greeks, and for his travel writings.
1864 Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria the daughter of Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, and his first wife Maria Anna of Saxony, and the wife of Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria.
1865 Charles-Joseph Sax a Belgian musical instrument maker. His son was Adolphe Sax who invented the saxophone, the saxhorn and the saxotromba
1865 John Wilkes Booth an American stage actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre, in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 1865. Booth was a member of the prominent 19th-century Booth theatrical family from Maryland and, by the 1860s, was a well-known actor. He was also a Confederate sympathizer, vehement in his denunciation of Lincoln, and strongly opposed the abolition of slavery in the United States
1866 Hermann Goldschmidt a German-French astronomer and painter who spent much of his life in France. He started out as a painter, but after attending a lecture by the famous French astronomer Urbain Le Verrier turned to astronomy. His discovery of the asteroid Lutetia in 1852 was followed by further findings and by 1861 Goldschmidt had discovered 14 asteroids. He received the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1861 for having discovered more asteroids than any other person up to that time. He died from complications of diabetes
1872 Pedro Alcántara Herrán a Colombian general and statesman who served as President of the Republic of the New Granada between 1841 and 1845. As a general he served in the wars of independence of the New Granada and of Peru
1877 Antonio Corazzi an Italian architect who designed a number of buildings in Warsaw, the capital of Poland.
1879 Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville a French printer and bookseller who lived in Paris. He invented the earliest known sound recording device, the phonautograph, which was patented in France on 25 March 1857
1881 Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen a Bavarian general.
1881 Friedrich Konrad Müller a German poet, journalist and physician. He called himself Müller von der Werra
1883 Napoleon Orda a Polish–Lithuanian musician, pianist, composer and artist, best known for numerous sketches of historical sites of present-day Belarus, Lithuania, and Poland.
1883 Midhat Pasha one of the leading Ottoman statesmen during the late Tanzimat era. He is most famous for leading the Ottoman constitutional movement of 1876, but was also a leading figure of Ottoman reform in the educational and provincial administrations. He was part of a governing elite which understood clearly the profound crisis in which the empire versed, and considered reform to be a dire need
1890 Johann Heinrich Kurtz a German Lutheran theologian.
1893 Carl Fredrik Nyman a Swedish botanist who was a native of Stockholm. The plant genus Nymania is named in his honor
1895 Eric Stenbock a Baltic Swedish poet and writer of macabre fantastic fiction.
1895 Hieronymus Weickmann an Imperial Russian viola player, composer and music educator of German descent.
1899 Konstantin Posyet a Russian statesman and admiral who served as Minister of Transport Communications between 1874 and 1888.