Died on April 27

629 Ardashir III king of the Sasanian Empire from 6 September 628 to 27 April 629.
1272 Zita an Italian saint, the patron saint of maids and domestic servants. She is often appealed to in order to help find lost keys
1353 Simeon of Moscow Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir. Simeon continued his father's policies of supporting the Golden Horde and acting as its leading enforcer in Russia. Simeon's rule was marked by regular military and political standoffs against Novgorod Republic and Lithuania. His relationships with neighboring Russian principalities remained peaceful if not passive: Simeon stayed aside from conflicts between subordinate princes. He had recourse to war only when war was unavoidable. A relatively quiet period for Moscow was ended by the Black Death that claimed the lives of Simeon and his sons in 1353
1386 Leonor Telles de Meneses a queen consort of Portugal and regent during the years 1383–1385. She was the wife of a Portuguese nobleman from whom she was forcibly divorced by King Ferdinand I, who afterward married her. She is called the Treacherous by the Portuguese, who execrate her on account of her adultery and treason to her native country; she is considered "a sort of Portuguese Lucrezia Borgia"
1404 Philip the Bold Duke of Burgundy and jure uxoris Count of Flanders , Artois and Burgundy. The fourth and youngest son of King John II of France and his wife, Bonne of Luxembourg, Philip was the founder of the Burgundian branch of the House of Valois
1463 Isidore of Kiev a Greek Metropolitan of Kiev, cardinal, humanist, and theologian. He was one of the chief Eastern defenders of reunion at the time of the Council of Florence
1511 Alexander I of Kakheti a king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia from 1476 to 1511. Alexander's pliancy and flexible diplomacy earned him security from the neighboring powers, only to be murdered by his own son George II "the Bad"
1521 Ferdinand Magellan a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies that resulted in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.
1565 Osanna of Cattaro a Catholic visionary and anchoress from Cattaro. She was a teenage convert from Orthodoxy of Serbian descent from Montenegro. She became a Dominican tertiary and was posthumously venerated as a saint in Kotor. She was later beatified in 1934
1584 Mikołaj "the Red" Radziwiłł a Lithuanian noble , Count Palatine of Vilnius, Grand Chancellor of Lithuania, and Grand Lithuanian Hetman in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Together with his cousin Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł and the Radziwill family were granted title and position as Reichsfürst Prince of the Holy Roman Empire
1597 Jakub Wujek son of Maciej Wujek; a Polish Jesuit, religious writer, Doctor of Theology, Vice-Chancellor of the Vilnius Academy and translator of the Bible into Polish.
1599 Maeda Toshiie one of the leading generals of Oda Nobunaga following the Sengoku period of the 16th century extending to the Azuchi-Momoyama period. His father was Maeda Toshimasa. He was the fourth of seven brothers. His childhood name was "Inuchiyo". His preferred weapon was a yari and he was known as "Yari no Mataza" , Matazaemon being his common name. The highest rank from the court that he received is the Great Counselor Dainagon
1605 Pope Leo XI Pope from 1 to 27 April 1605.
1613 Robert Abercromby (missionary) also spelled as Abrecromby and Abercrombie, and was known by such pseudonyms as Robert Sandiesoun and Sanders Robertson, was a Scottish Jesuit missionary.
1627 Adriaen Block best known for exploring the coastal and river valley areas between present-day New Jersey and Massachusetts during four voyages from 1611 to 1614, following the 1609 expedition by Henry Hudson. He is noted for having named Block Island, Rhode Island, and establishing early trade with the Native Americans, and for the 1614 map of his last voyage on which many features of the mid-Atlantic region appear for the first time, and on which the term New Netherland is first applied to the region. He is credited with being the first European to enter Long Island Sound and the Connecticut River and to determine that Manhattan and Long Island are islands
1635 Wolfgang Ratke a German educational reformer.
1656 Jan van Goyen a Dutch landscape painter. Van Goyen was an extremely prolific artist; approximately twelve hundred paintings and more than one thousand drawings by him are known
1656 Gerard van Honthorst a Dutch Golden Age painter. Early in his career he visited Rome, where he had great success painting in a style influenced by Caravaggio. Following his return to the Netherlands he became a leading portrait painter
1694 John George IV Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1691 to 1694.
1695 John Trenchard (politician) an English politician.
1696 Simon Foucher a French polemic philosopher. His philosophical standpoint was one of Academic skepticism: he did not agree with dogmatism, but didn't resort to Pyrrhonism, either
1702 Jean Bart a French naval commander and privateer.
1706 Bernhard I Duke of Saxe-Meiningen a duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
1745 Jean-Baptiste Morin (composer) a French composer and the Ordinaire de la Musique to Philippe, Duke of Orléans before and perhaps during his regency. From 1719 to 1731 Morin was Maître de musique of Louise Adélaïde d'Orléans, daughter of the Duke, at the royal abbey of Chelles, near Paris
1756 Şehsuvar Sultan a Serbian noblewoman who was the consort to the Ottoman Sultan Mustafa II and Valide Sultan to their son Osman III. Her resting place is located inside the Nuruosmaniye Mosque in Istanbul
1758 Jan Francisci an organist and composer born in Neusohl, Kingdom of Hungary. In 1709, he succeeded his father as cantor there before going to Vienna in 1722. He visited J.S. Bach in Leipzig in 1725. He worked as a church musician in until 1735, when he returned to Neusohl. He remained there until his death, except for the years 1743–1748
1782 William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot a British politician.
1792 Jacob Johan Anckarström a Swedish military officer who was convicted and executed for regicide. He was the son of Jacob Johan Anckarström the Elder. He served as a captain in King Gustav III's regiment between 1778 and 1783. During travels to Gotland, he was accused of slandering the king and fled to Stockholm, where he spent the winter, but was subsequently arrested, brought back and tried in Gotland. Although he was acquitted due to lack of evidence, he later maintained in his confession that this incident sparked his fire of hatred towards the king, fuelled by the contemporary revolutionary movement in Europe
1794 William Jones (philologist) an Anglo-Welsh philologist and scholar of ancient India, particularly known for his proposition of the existence of a relationship among Indo-European languages. He, along with Henry Thomas Colebrooke and Nathaniel Halhed, founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal, and started a journal called Asiatick Researches
1794 James Bruce a Scottish traveller and travel writer who spent more than a dozen years in North Africa and Ethiopia, where he traced the origins of the Blue Nile.
1799 Louis-Marie-Joseph Maximilian Caffarelli du Falga a French commander and scholar. His younger brothers Marie-François Auguste de Caffarelli du Falga and Louis-Marie-Joseph Caffarelli were also generals
1800 Yevstigney Fomin a Russian opera composer of the 18th century.
1809 Frederick Charles Ferdinand Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg a member of the House of Guelph. he was a Danish field marshal and also the last Duke of Brunswick-Bevern.
1813 Zebulon Pike named. As a United States Army captain in 1806–1807, he led the Pike Expedition, sent out by President Thomas Jefferson, to explore and document the southern portion of the Louisiana territory and to find the headwaters of the Red River, during which he recorded the discovery of what later was called Pikes Peak. The Pike expedition coincided with other Jefferson expeditions including the Lewis and Clark Expedition and the Thomas Freeman and Peter Custis expedition. The Pike Expedition traveled through present-day Colorado after his party confused their location. This led to capture by Spanish, who sent Pike and his men to Chihuahua, present-day Mexico and questioned by the governor. They were released later in 1807 at the border of Louisiana
1825 Vivant Denon a French artist, writer, diplomat, author, and archaeologist. He was appointed as the first Director of the Louvre Museum by Napoleon after the Egyptian campaign of 1798-1801, and is commemorated in the Denon Wing of the modern museum. His two-volume Voyage dans la basse et la haute Egypte , was the foundation of modern Egyptology
1831 Charles Felix of Sardinia the Duke of Savoy, Piedmont, Aosta and King of Sardinia from 1821 to 1831.
1834 Thomas Stothard an English painter, illustrator and engraver.
1835 James Bowen (Royal Navy officer) an officer of the Royal Navy.
1854 William Pickering (publisher) an English publisher, notable for introducing cloth binding to British publishing.
1867 Benjamin Hall 1st Baron Llanover a British civil engineer and politician.
1871 Sigismond Thalberg a composer and one of the most distinguished virtuoso pianists of the 19th century.
1871 Charles Paul de Kock a French novelist.
1872 Ion Heliade Rădulescu a Wallachian-born Romanian academic, Romantic and Classicist poet, essayist, memoirist, short story writer, newspaper editor and politician. A prolific translator of foreign literature into Romanian, he was also the author of books on linguistics and history. For much of his life, Heliade Rădulescu was a teacher at Saint Sava College in Bucharest, which he helped reopen. He was a founding member and first president of the Romanian Academy
1873 William Macready an English actor.
1876 Adolf Zeising a German psychologist, whose main interests were mathematics and philosophy.
1879 Alfred Sully a military officer during the American Civil War and during the Indian Wars on the frontier. He was also a noted actor, having acted in the very same play as the one Lincoln went to see shortly before his death
1881 Émile de Girardin a French journalist, publicist, and politician.
1881 Ludwig von Benedek an Austrian general of Hungarian descent, best known for commanding the imperial army in 1866 in the Battle of Königgrätz against the Prussian Army.
1882 Jules Crevaux a French doctor, soldier, and explorer. He is known for his multiple explorations into the interior of French Guiana and the Amazon
1882 Irakli Gruzinsky a Georgian prince of the House of Bagrationi and a colonel in the Russian Imperial army. He was a grandson of Heraclius II, the penultimate king of Georgia, and the son of Prince Alexander, a staunch opponent of the Russian possession of Georgia