April 27 events in history

395 Emperor Arcadius marries Aelia Eudoxia, daughter of the Frankish general Flavius Bauto. She becomes one of the more powerful Roman empresses of Late Antiquity
629 Shahrbaraz is crowned as king of the Sasanian Empire
1296 First War of Scottish Independence: John Balliol's Scottish army is defeated by an English army commanded by John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey at the Battle of Dunbar
1509 Pope Julius II places the Italian state of Venice under interdict
1521 Battle of Mactan: Explorer Ferdinand Magellan is killed by natives in the Philippines led by chief Lapu-Lapu
1522 Combined forces of Spain and the Papal States defeat a French and Venetian army at the Battle of Bicocca
1539 Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (now Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar
1565 Cebu is established becoming the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines
1578 Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favourites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise
1595 The relics of Saint Sava are incinerated in Belgrade by the Ottomans, where today the largest Orthodox church building in the world stands
1650 The Battle of Carbisdale: A Royalist army from Orkney invades mainland Scotland but is defeated by a Covenanter army
1667 The blind and impoverished John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10
1749 First performance of George Frideric Handel's Music for the Royal Fireworks in Green Park, London
1777 American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Ridgefield: A British invasion force engages and defeats Continental Army regulars and militia irregulars at Ridgefield, Connecticut
1805 First Barbary War: United States Marines and Berbers attack the Tripolitan city of Derna (The "shores of Tripoli" part of the Marines' hymn)
1810 Beethoven composes Für Elise
1813 War of 1812: American troops capture the capital of Upper Canada in the Battle of York (present day Toronto, Canada)
1840 Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, is laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry
1861 American President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus
1865 The New York State Senate creates Cornell University as the state's land grant institution
1865 The steamboat SS Sultana, carrying 2,400 passengers, explodes and sinks in the Mississippi River, killing 1,700, most of whom are Union survivors of the Andersonville and Cahaba Prisons
1904 The Australian Labor Party becomes the first such party to gain national government, under Chris Watson
1909 Sultan of Ottoman Empire Abdul Hamid II is overthrown, and is succeeded by his brother, Mehmed V
1911 Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the United States Senate
1914 Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
1927 Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) are created
1936 The United Auto Workers (UAW) gains autonomy from the American Federation of Labor
1941 World War II: German troops enter Athens
1941 World War II: The Communist Party of Slovenia, the Slovene Christian Socialists, the left-wing Slovene Sokols (also known as "National Democrats") and a group of progressive intellectuals establish the Liberation Front of the Slovenian People
1945 World War II: German troops are finally expelled from Finnish Lapland
1945 World War II: Benito Mussolini is arrested by Italian partisans in Dongo, while attempting escape disguised as a German soldier
1950 Apartheid: In South Africa, the Group Areas Act is passed formally segregating races
1953 Operation Moolah is initiated by U.S. General Mark W. Clark against Communist pilots in the Korean War
1960 Togo gains independence from French-administered UN trusteeship
1961 Sierra Leone is granted its independence from the United Kingdom, with Milton Margai as the first Prime Minister
1967 Expo 67 officially opens in Montreal, Canada with a large opening ceremony broadcast around the world. It opens to the public the next day
1974 Ten thousand march in Washington, D.C., calling for the impeachment of U.S. President Richard Nixon
1977 Twenty-eight people are killed in the Guatemala City air disaster
1978 Former United States President Nixon aide John D. Ehrlichman is released from an Arizona prison after serving 18 months for Watergate-related crimes
1981 Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse
1986 The City of Prypiat as well as the surrounding areas are evacuated due to Chernobyl Disaster
1987 The U.S. Department of Justice bars Austrian President Kurt Waldheim from entering the United States, saying he had aided in the deportation and execution of thousands of Jews and others as a German Army officer during World War II
1989 The April 27 Demonstration,a student-led protest responding to the April 26 Editorial, during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
1992 The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, is proclaimed
1992 Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman to be elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in its 700-year history
1992 The Russian Federation and 12 other former Soviet republics become members of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank
1993 All members of the Zambia national football team lose their lives in a plane crash off Libreville, Gabon en route to Dakar, Senegal to play a 1994 FIFA World Cup qualifying match against Senegal
1994 South African general election, 1994: The first democratic general election in South Africa, in which black citizens could vote. The Interim Constitution comes into force
1996 The 1996 Lebanon war ends
2002 The last successful telemetry from the NASA space probe Pioneer 10