Born on April 28

32 Otho Roman Emperor for three months, from 15 January to 16 April 69. He was the second emperor of the Year of the Four Emperors
1257 Shajar al-Durr the widow of the Ayyubid Sultan As-Salih Ayyub who played a crucial role after his death during the Seventh Crusade against Egypt. She was regarded by Muslim historians and chroniclers of the Mamluk time as being of Turkic origin. She became the Sultana of Egypt on May 2, 1250, marking the end of the Ayyubid reign and the starting of the Mamluk era
1442 Edward IV of England the King of England from 4 March 1461 until 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death in 1483. He was the first Yorkist King of England. The first half of his rule was marred by the violence associated with the Wars of the Roses, but he overcame the Lancastrian challenge to the throne at Tewkesbury in 1471 to reign in peace until his sudden death. Before becoming king, he was 4th Duke of York, 7th Earl of March, 5th Earl of Cambridge and 9th Earl of Ulster. He was also the 65th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
1545 Yi Sun-sin well-respected for his exemplary conduct on and off the battlefield not only by Koreans, but by Japanese Admirals as well. Military historians have placed General Yi Sun-Shin on par with Admiral Horatio Nelson as arguably the greatest naval commander in history for his undefeated record against seemingly insurmountable odds despite no background in naval training. His title of Samdo Sugun Tongjesa , literally meaning "Naval Commander of the Three Provinces," was the title for the commander of the Korean navy until 1896
1568 Teodósio II Duke of Braganza a Portuguese nobleman. He is known for his allegiance to King Philip I of Portugal
1573 Charles de Valois Duke of Angoulême the Duke of Angoulême and the illegitimate son of Charles IX of France and Marie Touchet; born at the Château de Fayet in Dauphiné. His father, dying in the following year, commended him to the care and favour of his younger brother and successor, Henry III, who faithfully fulfilled the charge. His mother married François de Balzac, marquis d'Entragues, and one of her daughters, Henriette, marquise de Verneuil, afterwards became the mistress of Henry IV
1587 Krzysztof Ossoliński a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic.
1589 Margaret of Savoy Vicereine of Portugal the last Spanish Vicereine of Portugal. In Portuguese she is known as Duquesa de Mântua, being by marriage the Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat
1602 Tokugawa Yorinobu a Japanese daimyo of the early Edo period.
1612 Odoardo Farnese Duke of Parma Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1622 to 1646.
1630 Charles Cotton an English poet and writer, best known for translating the work of Michel de Montaigne from the French, for his contributions to The Compleat Angler, and for the influential The Compleat Gamester attributed to him.
1652 Magdalena Sibylla of Hesse-Darmstadt regent of the Duchy of Württemberg from 1677 to 1693, and was a prominent German composer of baroque hymns.
1673 Claude Gillot a French painter, best known as the master of Watteau and Lancret.
1686 Michael Brokoff a Czech sculptor of the Baroque era, working with sandstone.
1715 Franz Sparry a composer of the Baroque period.
1731 Jean-François Cailhava de L'Estandoux a French dramatist, poet and critic.
1742 Henry Dundas 1st Viscount Melville a Scottish advocate and Tory politician. He was the first Secretary of State for War and became, in 1806, the last person to be impeached in the United Kingdom, for misappropriation of public money. Although acquitted, he never held public office again
1749 Adolf Fredrik Munck a Swedish and Finnish noble, during the Gustavian era.
1752 Matsumura Goshun a Japanese Painter of the Edo Period and founder of the Shijō school of painting. He was a disciple of the painter and poet Yosa Buson , a master of Japanese southern school painting
1753 Franz Karl Achard a German chemist, physicist and biologist. His principal discovery was the production of sugar from sugar beets
1758 James Monroe the fifth President of the United States. Monroe was the last president who was a Founding Father of the United States and the last president from the Virginia dynasty and the Republican Generation. He was of French and Scottish descent. Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, Monroe was of the planter class and fought in the American Revolutionary War. He was wounded in the Battle of Trenton with a musket ball to his shoulder. After studying law under Thomas Jefferson from 1780 to 1783, he served as a delegate in the Continental Congress. As an anti-federalist delegate to the Virginia convention that considered ratification of the United States Constitution, Monroe opposed ratification, claiming it gave too much power to the central government. He took an active part in the new government, and in 1790 he was elected to the Senate of the first United States Congress, where he joined the Jeffersonians. He gained experience as an executive as the Governor of Virginia and rose to national prominence as a diplomat in France, when he helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. During the War of 1812, Monroe held the critical roles of Secretary of State and the Secretary of War under President James Madison
1761 Jacques Villeré the second Governor of Louisiana after it became a state. He was the first Creole and the first native of Louisiana to hold that office
1765 Sylvestre François Lacroix a French mathematician.
1774 Francis Baily an English astronomer, most famous for his observations of 'Baily's beads' during an eclipse of the Sun.
1795 Charles Sturt a British explorer of Australia, and part of the European exploration of Australia. He led several expeditions into the interior of the continent, starting from both Sydney and later from Adelaide. His expeditions traced several of the westward-flowing rivers, establishing that they all merged into the Murray River. He was searching to determine if there was an "inland sea"
1798 Duncan Forbes (linguist) a Scottish linguist.
1808 Johann Georg Kohl a German travel writer, historian, geographer and policeman.
1809 Shimazu Nariakira a Japanese feudal lord of the Edo period, the 28th in the line of Shimazu clan lords of Satsuma Domain. He was renowned as an intelligent and wise lord, and was greatly interested in Western learning and technology. He was enshrined after death as the Shinto kami Terukuni Daimyōjin in May 1863
1819 Ezra Abbot an American biblical scholar.
1821 William Hall (VC) the first black person, first Nova Scotian, and third Canadian to receive the Victoria Cross. He received the medal for his actions in the Siege of Lucknow during the Indian Rebellion. Hall and an officer from his ship continued to load and fire a 24-pounder gun at the walls after the rest of the party had been killed or injured by the defenders
1831 Peter Tait (physicist) a Scottish mathematical physicist, best known for the energy physics textbook Treatise on Natural Philosophy, which he co-wrote with Kelvin, and his early investigations into knot theory, which contributed to the eventual formation of topology as a mathematical discipline. His name is known in graph theory mainly for Tait's conjecture
1834 Harry Bolus a South African botanist, botanical artist, businessman and philanthropist. He advanced botany in South Africa by establishing bursaries, founding the Bolus Herbarium and bequeathing his library and a large part of his fortune to the South African College. Active in scientific circles, he was a Fellow of the Linnean Society, member and president of the South African Philosophical Society , awarded the SA Medal and Grant by the SA Association for the Advancement of Science and an honorary D.Sc. from the University of the Cape of Good Hope. Volume 121 of Curtis's Botanical Magazine was dedicated to him. He is commemorated in five genera: Bolusia Benth., Bolusafra Kuntze, Neobolusia Schltr., Bolusanthus Harms and Bolusiella Schltr., as well as numerous specific names
1834 Louis Ruchonnet a Swiss politician.
1838 Tobias Asser a Dutch lawyer and legal scholar of Jewish background, cowinner of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911 for his role in the formation of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the first Hague peace conference.
1840 Palmer Cox a Canadian illustrator and author, best known for The Brownies, his series of humorous verse books and comic strips about the mischievous but kindhearted fairy-like sprites. The cartoons were published in several books, such as The Brownies, Their Book. Due to the popularity of Cox's Brownies, one of the first popular handheld cameras was named after them, the Eastman Kodak Brownie camera
1842 Prince Gaston Count of Eu d'Orléans , the first son of Louis, Duke of Nemours, and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. His full name was Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand Gaston d'Orléans; Portuguese: Luís Filipe Maria Fernando Gastão de Orleães. He was a French prince and military commander who fought in the Spanish-Moroccan War and the Paraguayan War. Gaston was married to Princess Isabel, heiress to the Brazilian imperial throne
1845 Anastazy Wilhelm Dreszer a Polish pianist, composer, and educator.
1846 Oskar Backlund a Swedish-Russian astronomer. His name is sometimes given as Jöns Oskar Backlund, however even contemporary Swedish sources give "Johan". In Russia, where he spent his entire career, he is known as Oskar Andreevich Baklund. Russian sources sometimes give his dates of birth and death as April 16, 1846 and August 16, 1916, since Russia still used the Julian calendar at the time
1848 Ludvig Schytte a Danish composer, pianist, and teacher.
1854 Hertha Marks Ayrton an English engineer, mathematician, physicist, and inventor. She was awarded the Hughes Medal by the Royal Society for her work on electric arcs and ripples in sand and water
1855 John McConnell Black a Scottish botanist who emigrated to Australia in 1877 and eventually documented and illustrated thousands of flora in South Australia in the early 20th century. His publications assisted many botanists and scientists in the decades that followed. He was the younger brother of theatre and hotel manager Helen Carte
1857 José Malhoa a Portuguese painter.
1863 Josiah Thomas an Cornish Australian miner and politician.
1864 William Frederick Archdall Ellison an Irish clergyman, Hebrew scholar, organist, avid amateur telescope maker, and, from 1918 to 1936, director of Armagh Observatory in Armagh, Northern Ireland. He was the father of Mervyn Ellison, the senior professor of the School of Cosmic Physics at Dunsink Observatory from 1958 to 1963
1865 Hugh Lincoln Cooper an American Colonel and renowned civil engineer, known for construction supervision of a number of hydroelectric power plants.
1865 Charles W. Woodworth an American entomologist. He founded the Entomology Department at the University of California, Berkeley, and made many valuable contributions to entomology during his career
1865 Vital Brazil a Brazilian physician, biomedical scientist and immunologist, internationally renowned for the discovery of the polyvalent anti-ophidic serum used to treat bites of venomous snakes of the Crotalus, Bothrops and Elaps genera. He went on to be also the first to develop anti-scorpion and anti-spider serums. He was the founder of the Butantan Institute, a research center located in São Paulo, which was the first in the world dedicated exclusively to basic and applied toxicology, the science of venomous animals
1868 Hélène de Pourtalès a Swiss sailor who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
1868 Georgy Voronoy a Russian and Ukrainian mathematician. Among other things, he defined the Voronoi diagram
1868 Lucy Booth the eighth and youngest child of Catherine and William Booth, the Founder of The Salvation Army.