Born on April 29

220 Pacuvius the greatest of the tragic poets of ancient Rome prior to Lucius Accius.
643 Hou Junji a major general and chancellor of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, particularly known for his campaigns against Gaochang and Tuyuhun. In 643, he was implicated in a plot by Emperor Taizong's crown prince Li Chengqian to overthrow Emperor Taizong, and he was executed
1584 Melchior Teschner a German cantor, composer and theologian.
1618 Vittoria Farnese d'Este an Italian noblewoman. She was born in Parma, the daughter of Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma and Margherita Aldobrandini, niece of Pope Clement VIII. On 12 February 1648 she married Francesco I d'Este, widower of her sister Maria Farnese. The couple had one child, Vittoria , and Vittoria died in Modena, giving birth to her. Francesco then married a third time, to Lucrezia Barberini, in Loreto in October 1654
1636 Esaias Reusner a German lutenist and composer.
1665 James Butler 2nd Duke of Ormonde an Irish statesman and soldier. He was the third of the Kilcash branch of the family to inherit the earldom of Ormond. Like his grandfather the 1st Duke, he was raised as a Protestant, unlike his extended family who held to Roman Catholicism. He served in the campaign to put down the Monmouth Rebellion, in the Williamite War in Ireland, in the Nine Years' War and in the War of the Spanish Succession but was accused of treason and went into exile after the Jacobite rising of 1715
1686 Peregrine Bertie 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven a British nobleman and statesman.
1692 Jean Armand de Lestocq a French adventurer who wielded immense influence on the foreign policy of Russia during the early reign of Empress Elizabeth.
1727 Jean-Georges Noverre generally considered the creator of ballet d'action, a precursor of the narrative ballets of the 19th century. His birthday is now observed as International Dance Day
1745 Oliver Ellsworth an American lawyer and politician, a revolutionary against British rule, a drafter of the United States Constitution, United States Senator from Connecticut, and the third Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. While at the Federal Convention, Ellsworth moved to strike the word National from the motion made by Edmund Randolph of Virginia. Randolph had moved successfully to call the government the National Government of United States. Ellsworth moved that the government should continue to be called the United States Government
1754 Ferenc Széchényi the founder of the Hungarian National Library and National Museum in Budapest. The library is named after him the National Széchényi Library. He was the father of István Széchenyi
1758 Georg Carl von Döbeln a Swedish friherre , Lieutenant General and war hero.
1761 Jean-Baptiste Perrée a French Navy officer and Rear-admiral.
1762 Jean-Baptiste Jourdan 1st Comte Jourdan , enlisted as a private in the French royal army and rose to command armies during the French Revolutionary Wars. Emperor Napoleon I of France named him a Marshal of France in 1804 and he also fought in the Napoleonic Wars. After 1815, he became reconciled to the Bourbon Restoration. He was one of the most successful commanders of the French Revolutionary Army
1763 Frederick Duke of Saxe-Altenburg duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen and duke of Saxe-Altenburg.
1764 John Coape Sherbrooke a British soldier and colonial administrator. After serving in the British army in Nova Scotia, the Netherlands, India, the Mediterranean , and Spain, he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia in 1811. During the War of 1812, his policies and victory in conquest of present day Maine, renaming it the colony of New Ireland, led to significant prosperity in Nova Scotia
1767 Karl Philipp von Wrede born at Heidelberg, the youngest of three children of Ferdinand Josef Wrede , created in 1791 1st Freiherr von Wrede, and wife, married on 21 March 1746, Anna Katharina Jünger , by whom he had two more children Luise, Freiin von Wrede , married to Philipp, Freiherr von Horn , and Georg, Freiherr von Wrede , married on 17 January 1808 to Julie Zarka de Lukafalva , without issue.
1777 Pedro Molina Mazariegos a Central American politician, considered one of the founders of liberalism in Guatemala.
1780 Charles Nodier often underestimated by literary historians.
1783 David Cox (artist) an English landscape painter, one of the most important members of the Birmingham School of landscape artists and an early precursor of impressionism.
1784 Samuel Turell Armstrong a U.S. political figure. Born in 1784 in Dorchester, Massachusetts, he was a printer and bookseller in Boston, specializing in religious materials. Among his works were an early stereotype edition of Scott's Family Bible, which was very popular, and The Panoplist, a religious magazine devoted to missionary interests
1785 Karl Drais a German inventor, who invented the Laufmaschine , also later called the velocipede, draisine or draisienne , also nicknamed the dandy horse. This incorporated the two-wheeler principle that is basic to the bicycle and motorcycle and was the beginning of mechanized personal transport. Drais also invented the earliest typewriter with a keyboard in 1821, later developed into an early stenograph machine, and a wood-saving cooker including the earliest hay chest
1791 Heinrich Wendland a botanist who authored a number of Acacia species.
1798 George Don a Scottish botanist.
1801 Joseph Aschbach a German historian who studied the Visigoths, writing "Geschichte der Westgoten" in 1827.
1803 James Brooke a British adventurer whose exploits in the Malay Archipelago made him the first White Rajah of Sarawak.
1805 Henri Auguste Barbier a French dramatist and poet.
1805 Johannes Albrecht Bernhard Dorn a German orientalist.
1806 Ernst Baron von Feuchtersleben an Austrian physician, poet and philosopher.
1815 Antun Paško Kazali a Croatian folk-writer, poet and translator. Born in Dubrovnik , he went to school in Dubrovnik, studying philosophy and theology in Zadar. He was a parish priest in Ošlje near Ston and chaplain in Šipan. As a parish priest he often came into conflict with church authorities. He spent his most creative period in Zadar, starting in 1855. He was professor at the gymnasium in Zadar, teaching Latin, Greek and Croatian , and in 1862 became a professor at Rijeka/Fiume gymnasium. The last ten years of his life were spent in Dubrovnik
1817 Vincent Count Benedetti a French diplomat. He is probably best known as one of the central figures in the instigation of the Franco-Prussian War
1818 Alexander II of Russia the Emperor of Russia from 2 March 1855 until his assassination in 1881. He was also the King of Poland and the Grand Prince of Finland
1823 Daniel Harrwitz a Jewish German chess master.
1823 Konrad Maurer a German legal historian. He was the son of legal historian and statesman Georg Ludwig von Maurer. Maurer is considered one of the most significant researchers of Nordic legal and constitutional history
1831 Frederick I Duke of Anhalt a German prince of the house of Ascania who ruled the Duchy of Anhalt from 1871 to 1904.
1835 Vera Zhelikhovsky a Russian writer, mostly of children's stories. She is Madame Blavatsky's sister
1837 Georges Ernest Boulanger a French general and politician who seemed at the apogee of his popularity in January 1889 to pose the threat of a coup d'état and the establishment of a dictatorship. With his base of support in working districts of Paris and other cities, he promoted an aggressive nationalism aimed against Germany. The elections of September 1889 marked a decisive defeat for the Boulangists. They were defeated by the changes in the electoral laws that prevented Boulanger from running in multiple constituencies, by the government's aggressive opposition, and by the absence of the General himself, for he was in self-imposed exile to be with his mistress. The fall of Boulanger severely undermined the political strength of the conservative and royalist elements in France; they would not recover strength until 1940. Mayeur and Rebérioux attribute the failure of the movement to Boulanger's own weaknesses. Despite his charisma, he lacked coolness, consistency, and decisiveness; he was a mediocre leader who lacked vision and courage. He was never able to unite the disparate elements, ranging from the far left to the far right, that comprised his constituency. He did, however, frighten the Republican element, and force it to reorganize and strengthen its solidarity in opposition to him
1841 Francis Grenfell 1st Baron Grenfell a British Army officer. After serving as aide-de-camp to the Commander-in-Chief, South Africa, he fought in the 9th Xhosa War, the Anglo-Zulu War and then the Anglo-Egyptian War. He went on to become Sirdar of the Egyptian Army and commanded the forces at the Battle of Suakin in December 1888 and at the Battle of Toski in August 1889 during the Mahdist War. After that he became Governor of Malta and then Commander-in-Chief, Ireland before retiring in 1908
1841 Thomas Chamberlain (soldier) an officer in the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment during the American Civil War, the brother of Union general Joshua Chamberlain, the commanding officer of the 20th Maine Infantry.
1842 Carl Millöcker an Austrian composer of operettas and a conductor.
1843 Pedro Américo one of the most important academic painters of Brazil. He was also a writer and a teacher
1846 Dmitry von Fölkersam an admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy.
1847 Joachim Andersen a Danish flutist, conductor and composer born in Copenhagen, son of the flutist Christian Joachim Andersen. Both as a virtuoso and as composer of flute music, he is considered one of the best of his time. He was considered to be a tough leader and teacher and demanded as such a lot from his orchestras but through that style he reached a high level
1848 Raja Ravi Varma an Indian painter and artist from the princely state of Kilimanoor who achieved recognition for his paintings depicting scenes from Indian literature and mythology including the epics of Mahabharata and Ramayana. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art and his paintings are considered to be among the best examples of the fusion of Indian traditions with the techniques of European academic art. Varma's paintings portrayed sari-clad women in graceful manner which became an important motif of that time, reproductions being found in many homes
1851 George Charles Champion an English entomologist specialising in the study of beetles. He was the eldest son of George Champion
1854 Henri Poincaré a French mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, and a philosopher of science. He is often described as a polymath, and in mathematics as The Last Universalist by Eric Temple Bell, since he excelled in all fields of the discipline as it existed during his lifetime
1857 František Ondříček a Czech violinist and composer. He gave the first performance of the Violin Concerto by Antonín Dvořák, and his achievements were recognised by the rare award of honorary membership of the Philharmonic Society of London in 1891
1863 Constantine P. Cavafy a Greek poet who lived in Alexandria and worked as a journalist and civil servant. He published 154 poems; dozens more remained incomplete or in sketch form. His most important poetry was written after his fortieth birthday
1863 F. W. Bain a British writer of fantasy stories that he claimed were translated from Sanskrit.
1863 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska S.S.P.C. was a Polish Roman Catholic Religious Sister and missionary, who founded the Missionary Sisters of Peter Claver, dedicated to service in Africa. She has been beatified by the Catholic Church