Born on April 3

1009 Bernard I William of Gascony the Duke of Gascony from 996 or 997 to his death.
1016 Emperor Xingzong of Liao an emperor of the Liao Dynasty. He reigned from June 25, 1031 to August 28, 1055
1461 Anne of France the eldest daughter of Louis XI of France and his second wife, Charlotte of Savoy. Anne was the sister of King Charles VIII of France, for whom she acted as regent during his minority; and of Joan of France, who was briefly queen consort to Louis XII. As regent of France, Anne was one of the most powerful women of the late fifteenth century and was referred to as "Madame la Grande"
1508 Jean Daurat a French poet, scholar and a member of a group known as The Pléiade.
1529 Michael Neander a German teacher, mathematician, medical academic, and astronomer.
1540 Maria de' Medici (1540–1557) the eldest daughter of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleonora di Toledo. She was a member of the famous Medici family
1593 George Herbert a Welsh-born English poet, orator and Anglican priest. Herbert's poetry is associated with the writings of the metaphysical poets, and he is recognized as "a pivotal figure: enormously popular, deeply and broadly influential, and arguably the most skillful and important British devotional lyricist."
1634 Stanisław Jan Jabłonowski a Polish nobleman and magnate. Grand Guardian of the Crown since 1660, the Grand Camp Leader of the Crown since 1661, voivode of Ruthenian Voivodship since 1664, Field Crown Hetman since 1676, Great Crown Hetman since 1683 and castellan of Kraków since 1692
1639 Alessandro Stradella an Italian composer of the middle baroque. He enjoyed a dazzling career as a freelance composer, writing on commission, and collaborating with distinguished poets, producing over three hundred works in a variety of genres
1643 Charles V Duke of Lorraine Karl Leopold, , son of Nicolas François, Duke of Lorraine, and Claude Françoise de Lorraine. Karl Leopold was born in Vienna and became the brother in law of Emperor Leopold and son in law of emperor Ferdinand III. He was a second cousin once removed of his contemporary Louis XIV through the king's grandmother Marie de' Medici.From a long established family of Lothringen, who had to take refuge from the forces of France. However, he managed to become the titular Duke of Lorraine in 1675 at a time when Lorraine was occupied by France. Since 1663 he had been in imperial Habsburg service and had a very notable military career. In 1675 he became imperial generalissimo
1665 Tsarevich Simeon Alexeyevich of Russia the fourth of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, brother of Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half-brother of Tsar Peter the Great. He died young
1682 Valentin Rathgeber a German composer, organist and choirmaster of the Baroque Era.
1694 George Edwards (naturalist) an English naturalist and ornithologist, known as the "father of British ornithology".
1699 Jean-Baptiste Forqueray a player of the viol and a composer.
1715 William Watson (scientist) an English physician and scientist who was born and died in London. His early work was in botany, and he helped to introduce the work of Carolus Linnaeus into England. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1741 and vice president in 1772
1742 Eugène Louis Melchior Patrin a French mineralogist and naturalist.
1754 Nikolay Rumyantsev Russia's Foreign Minister and Imperial Chancellor in the run-up to Napoleon's invasion of Russia. He was the son of Field Marshal Pyotr Zadunaisky from the Rumyantsev comital family
1756 Carl Gustaf af Leopold a Swedish poet.
1764 John Abernethy (surgeon) an English surgeon. He is popularly remembered today for having given his name to the Abernethy biscuit, a coarse-meal baked good meant to aid digestion
1764 Franz Carl Mertens a German botanist who was a native of Bielefeld. He specialized in the field of phycology
1769 Christian Günther von Bernstorff a Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat, son of Count Andreas Peter von Bernstorff.
1770 Theodoros Kolokotronis a Greek general and the pre-eminent leader of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. Kolokotronis's greatest success was the defeat of the Ottoman army under Mahmud Dramali Pasha at the Battle of Dervenakia in 1822. In 1825, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Greek forces in the Peloponnese. Today, Kolokotronis ranks among the most revered of the protagonists of Greece's War of Independence
1771 Hans Nielsen Hauge a noted revivalist Norwegian lay minister who spoke up against the Church establishment in Norway. Hauge is considered an influential personality in the industrialization of Norway. He is commemorated annually on 29 March as a renewer of the church by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
1776 Mary Anne Clarke the mistress of Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Their relationship began in 1803, while he was Commander-in-Chief of the army. Later in 1809, she wrote her memoirs which were published. She was the subject of a portrait by Adam Buck, and a caricature by Isaac Cruikshank; ten days after the latter's publication, the Duke resigned from his post as Commander of the British Army. In 1811, she commissioned Irish-born sculptor Lawrence Gahagan to sculpt a marble bust of her; this is now housed in the National Portrait Gallery, London
1778 Pierre Bretonneau a French medical doctor.
1781 Swaminarayan the central figure in a modern sect of Hinduism known as the Swaminarayan Hinduism, a form of Vaishnavism. Swaminarayan was born Ghanshyam Pande in Chhapaiya, Uttar Pradesh, India in 1781. In 1792, he began a seven year pilgrimage across India, adopting the name Nilkanth Varni. He settled in the state of Gujarat around 1799. In 1800, he was initiated into the Uddhav Sampraday by his guru, Ramanand Swami, and was given the name Sahajanand Swami. In 1802, his guru handed over the leadership of the Uddhav Sampraday to him before his death. Sahajanand Swami held a gathering and taught the Swaminarayan mantra. From this point onwards, he was known as Swaminarayan and within the sect, he is regarded as an incarnation of God, Purushottama, or is venerated as an incarnation of Narayana from the Nara-Narayana deity pair by his followers. The Uddhav Sampraday became known as the Swaminarayan Sampraday
1782 Alexander Macomb (general) the Commanding General of the United States Army from May 29, 1828 to June 25, 1841. Macomb was the field commander at the Battle of Plattsburgh during the War of 1812 and, after the stunning victory, was lauded with praise and styled "The Hero of Plattsburgh" by some of the American press. He was promoted to Major General for his conduct, receiving both the thanks of Congress and a Congressional Gold Medal
1783 Washington Irving an American author, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" , both of which appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories of 15th-century Spain dealing with subjects such as Christopher Columbus, the Moors and the Alhambra. Irving served as the U.S. ambassador to Spain from 1842 to 1846
1791 Anne Lister a well-off Yorkshire landowner, diarist, mountaineer and traveller. Throughout her life she kept diaries which chronicled the details of her daily life, including her lesbian relationships, her financial concerns, her industrial activities and her work improving Shibden Hall. Her diaries contain more than 4,000,000 words and about a sixth of them—those concerning the intimate details of her romantic and sexual relationships—were written in code. The code, derived from a combination of algebra and Ancient Greek, was deciphered in the 1930s. Lister is often called "the first modern lesbian" for her clear self-knowledge and openly lesbian lifestyle. Called "Fred" by her lover and "Gentleman Jack" by Halifax residents, she suffered from harassment for her sexuality, and recognised her similarity to the Ladies of Llangollen, whom she visited
1797 Barthélemy Charles Joseph Dumortier a Belgian conducted a parallel career of botanist and Member of Parliament.
1798 Charles Wilkes an American naval officer and explorer. He led the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 and commanded the ship in the Trent Affair during the American Civil War. Although credited with several "firsts", his behavior led to two convictions at court-martial
1806 Ivan Kireyevsky credited as a co-founder of the Slavophile movement.
1807 Jane Digby an English aristocrat who lived a scandalous life of romantic adventure, spanning decades and two continents. She had four husbands and many lovers, including King Ludwig I of Bavaria, his son King Otto of Greece, statesman Felix Schwarzenberg, and a Greek brigand general. She died in Damascus, Syria as the wife of Arab Sheikh Medjuel el Mezrab, who was 20 years her junior
1808 Manuel Gutiérrez de la Concha Not to be confused with Manuel de la Concha.
1812 Louise of Orléans an ancestor of the present King of Belgium, Italian Royal Pretender , the Grand Duke of Luxembourg and the present Prince Napoléon - head of the Imperial House of France.
1814 Lorenzo Snow the fifth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1898 to his death. Snow was the last president of the LDS Church in the nineteenth century and the first of the twentieth
1814 Friedrich Kaiser an Austrian playwright. During his youth he was one of the most popular people in Vienna. Some of his plays were "Hans Hasenkopf" ; "Wer wird Amtmann" , "Palais und Irrenhaus" , "Des Krämers Töchterlein" , "Pater Abraham a Sancta Clara" as well as many others. He also wrote the historical novel "Ein Plaffenfeben."
1818 Jean-François Portaels a Belgian orientalist painter and director of the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels.
1820 Joseph von Gerlach a German professor of anatomy at the University of Erlangen. He was a native of Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate. Gerlach was a pioneer of histological staining and anatomical micrography. In 1858 Gerlach introduced carmine mixed with gelatin as an histological stain
1821 Rudolf von Roth a German Indologist, founder of the Vedic philology. His chief work is a monumental Sanskrit dictionary, compiled in collaboration with Otto von Böhtlingk
1822 Edward Everett Hale an American author, historian and Unitarian minister.
1823 William M. Tweed an American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in the politics of 19th century New York City and State. At the height of his influence, Tweed was the third-largest landowner in New York City, a director of the Erie Railroad, the Tenth National Bank, and the New-York Printing Company, as well as proprietor of the Metropolitan Hotel
1826 Cyrus K. Holliday one of the founders of the township of Topeka, Kansas, in the mid 19th century; and was Adjutant General of Kansas during the American Civil War. The title Colonel, however, was honorary. He was the first president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, as well as one of the railroad's directors for nearly 40 years, up to 1900. A number of railway locomotives have been named after him
1831 Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg the wife of King Miguel I of Portugal but only following his deposition. As a widow, she secured advantageous marriages for their six daughters
1832 Marie Calm a German author, feminist and advocate of women's suffrage.
1837 John Burroughs an American naturalist and nature essayist, active in the U.S. conservation movement. The first of his essay collections was Wake-Robin in 1871
1840 Nikolai Ishutin one of the first Russian utopian socialists, who combined socialist propaganda with conspiratorial and terrorist tactics.
1841 Hermann Carl Vogel a German astrophysicist. He was born in Leipzig, Kingdom of Saxony. From 1882 to 1907 he was director of the Astrophysical Observatory, Potsdam. He made extensive discoveries using spectral analysis of the stars
1842 Ulric Dahlgren served as a Union Army colonel. He was in command of an unsuccessful 1864 raid on the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, and was killed in the raid. The major consequence of the failed raid was the Dahlgren Affair after incriminating documents were discovered on Dahlgren's corpse
1844 Georg Ratzinger (politician) a German Catholic priest, political economist, social reformer, author and politician. He saw the gospel and Catholic social teaching as a means of empowering the poor