April 4 in history

April 4 events chronologically

1147 First historical record of Moscow
1287 King Wareru founds Kingdom of Ramannadesa, and proclaims independence from Pagan Empire
1581 Francis Drake is knighted for completing a circumnavigation of the world
1660 Declaration of Breda by King Charles II of England
1721 Sir Robert Walpole takes office as the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom under King George I
1768 In London, Philip Astley stages the first modern circus
1796 Georges Cuvier delivers his first paleontological lecture at École Centrale du Pantheon of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle on living and fossil remains of elephants and related species, founding the science of Paleontology

Top 7 most famous people born on April 4

1884 Isoroku Yamamoto a Japanese Marshal Admiral and the commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet during World War II until his death.
1928 Maya Angelou an American author, poet, dancer, actress and singer. She published seven autobiographies, three books of essays, and several books of poetry, and was credited with a list of plays, movies, and television shows spanning over 50 years. She received dozens of awards and more than 50 honorary degrees. Angelou is best known for her series of seven autobiographies, which focus on her childhood and early adult experiences. The first, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , tells of her life up to the age of 17 and brought her international recognition and acclaim
1932 Andrei Tarkovsky a Soviet and Russian film-maker, writer, film editor, film theorist, theatre and opera director.
1948 Abdullah Öcalan one of the founding members of the militant organization the Kurdistan Workers' Party in 1978 in Turkey, which is listed as a terrorist organization internationally by some states and organizations, including NATO, the United States and the European Union.
1957 Joaquín Guzmán Loera a former Mexican drug lord who headed the Sinaloa Cartel, a criminal organization named after the Mexican Pacific coast state of Sinaloa where it was formed. Known as "El Chapo Guzmán" for his 1.68 m stature, he became Mexico's top drug kingpin in 2003 after the arrest of his rival Osiel Cárdenas of the Gulf Cartel, and until his February 2014 arrest, he was considered the "most powerful drug trafficker in the world" by the United States Department of the Treasury
1965 Robert Downey Jr. an American actor, filmmaker, and singer. Making his screen debut at the age of five, appearing in his father Robert Downey, Sr.'s film Pound, he has appeared in roles associated with the Brat Pack, such as Less Than Zero and Weird Science. Other films he has starred in include Air America, Soapdish, and Natural Born Killers. He starred as Charlie Chaplin, the title character in the 1992 film Chaplin, which earned him a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor
1979 Heath Ledger an Australian actor and director. After performing roles in Australian television and film during the 1990s, Ledger left for the United States in 1998 to develop his film career. His work comprised nineteen films, including 10 Things I Hate About You , The Patriot , A Knight's Tale , Monster's Ball , Ned Kelly , The Brothers Grimm , Lords of Dogtown , Brokeback Mountain , Casanova , Candy , I'm Not There , The Dark Knight , and The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus. He also produced and directed music videos and aspired to be a film director

Top 7 most famous people died on April 4

397 Ambrose a bishop of Milan who became one of the most influential ecclesiastical figures of the 4th century. He was consular prefect of Liguria and Emilia, headquartered in Milan, before being made bishop of Milan by popular acclamation in 374. Ambrose was a staunch opponent of Arianism, and has been accused of fostering persecutions both of Arians and of Jews and pagans
1841 William Henry Harrison the ninth President of the United States , an American military officer and politician, and the first president to die in office. He was 68 years, 23 days old when inaugurated, the oldest president to take office until Ronald Reagan in 1981. Harrison died on his 32nd day in office of complications from pneumonia, serving the shortest tenure in United States presidential history. His death sparked a brief constitutional crisis, but its resolution settled many questions about presidential succession left unanswered by the Constitution until the passage of the 25th Amendment in 1967. He was the grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, who was the 23rd President from 1889 to 1893
1929 Karl Benz a German engine designer and car engineer, generally regarded as the inventor of the first automobile powered by an internal combustion engine, and together with Bertha Benz, pioneering founder of the automobile manufacturer Mercedes-Benz. Other German contemporaries, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach working as partners, also worked on similar types of inventions, without knowledge of the work of the other, but Benz received a patent for his work first, and, subsequently patented all the processes that made the internal combustion engine feasible for use in an automobile. In 1879, his first engine patent was granted to him, and in 1886, Benz was granted a patent for his first automobile
1968 Martin Luther King Jr. an American pastor, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs
1979 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto the ninth Prime Minister of Pakistan and its fourth President. Revered as Quaid-i-Awam , he founded the Pakistan People's Party and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979
1991 Max Frisch a Swiss playwright and novelist, regarded as highly representative of German-language literature after World War In his creative works Frisch paid particular attention to issues relating to problems of human identity, individuality, responsibility, morality and political commitment. His use of irony is a significant feature of his post-war publications. Frisch was one of the 22 founder members of the Gruppe Olten. He was awarded the Neustadt International Prize for Literature in 1986
2013 Roger Ebert an American film critic, journalist, and screenwriter. He was a film critic for the Chicago Sun-Times from 1967 until his death in 2013. In 1975, Ebert was the first film critic to win the Pulitzer Prize for Criticism. As of 2010, his reviews were syndicated to more than 200 newspapers in the United States and abroad. Ebert also published more than 20 books and dozens of collections of reviews