Died on April 5

582 Eutychius of Constantinople the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 552 to 565, and from 577 to 582. His feast is kept by the Orthodox Church on 6 April, and he is mentioned in the Catholic Church's "Corpus Juris". His terms of office, occurring during the reign of Emperor Justinian the Great, were marked by controversies with both imperial and papal authority
828 Nikephoros I of Constantinople a Christian Byzantine writer and Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from April 12, 806, to March 13, 815.
902 Al-Mu'tadid the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 892 until his death in 902.
1168 Robert de Beaumont 2nd Earl of Leicester Justiciar of England 1155–1168.
1181 Ramon Berenguer III Count of Provence the count of Cerdanya and count of Provence.
1205 Isabella I of Jerusalem Queen regnant of Jerusalem from 1190/1192 until her death. By her four marriages, she was successively Lady of Toron, Marchioness of Montferrat, Countess of Champagne and Queen of Cyprus
1417 John Dauphin of France Duke of Touraine the fourth son and ninth child of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria. He was born in Paris. After his three elder brothers died, he became Dauphin in 1415. In 1406 he married Jacqueline, heiress of the County of Hainaut, Holland, Zealand, and Frisia. After his marriage to Jacqueline, he was brought up at the castle of Le Quesnoy in Hainaut, at the court of his mother-in-law, Margaret of Burgundy. This arrangement was made between his father and his father-in-law to ensure his safety away from the tulmultous court in Paris, as well as to acquaint him with the lands which he would rule as husband of Jacqueline after her father's death. After the death of his elder brother Louis in December 1415, he became the next Dauphin of France
1419 Vincent Ferrer a Valencian Dominican friar, who gained acclaim as a missionary and a logician. He is honored as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church
1512 Lazzaro Bastiani an Italian painter of the Renaissance, active mainly in Venice.
1534 Jan Matthys a charismatic Anabaptist leader, regarded by his followers as a prophet.
1605 Adam Loftus (bishop) Archbishop of Armagh, and later Dublin, and Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1581. He was also the first Provost of Trinity College, Dublin
1617 Alonso Lobo a Spanish composer of the late Renaissance. Although not as famous as Tomás Luis de Victoria, he was highly regarded at the time, and Victoria himself considered him to be his equal
1626 Anna Koltovskaya Tsaritsa of the Tsardom of Russia and the fourth wife of Tsar Ivan IV of Russia.
1654 Lorenzo Garbieri an Italian painter of the early-Baroque period, active mainly in Bologna. He was one of the painters in the studio of Ludovico Carracci and is sometimes called il nipote dei Carracci. He painted the Plague of Milan in the chapel of San Carlo at the church of the Barnabites. He painted Paul resuscitating a youth for the church of the Philippines in Fano. he painted the Martyrdom of Felicita and her seven sons for San Maurizio in Mantua
1673 François Caron a French Huguenot refugee to the Netherlands who served the Dutch East India Company for 30 years, rising from cabin boy to Director-General at Batavia , only one grade below Governor-General. He was later to become Director-General of the French East Indies Company
1684 Karl Eusebius Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein. He inherited this title in 1627 from his father Karl He was 16 and thus considered underage and his uncles Prince Gundakar and Maximillian acted as regents until 1632. From 1639 to 1641 Karl was Chief Captain of High and Low Silesia
1684 William Brouncker 2nd Viscount Brouncker an English mathematician who introduced Brouncker's formula, and was the first President of the Royal Society.
1693 Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans Duchess of Montpensier the eldest daughter of Gaston d'Orléans, and his first wife Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier. One of the greatest heiresses in history, she died unmarried and childless, leaving her vast fortune to her cousin, Philippe of France. After a string of proposals from various members of European ruling families, including Charles II of England, Afonso VI of Portugal, and Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy, she eventually fell in love with the courtier, Antoine Nompar de Caumont and scandalised the court of France when she asked Louis XIV for permission to marry him, as such a union was viewed as a mésalliance. She is best remembered for her role in the Fronde, her role in bringing the famous composer Lully to the king's court, and her Mémoires
1693 Philip William August Count Palatine of Neuburg a Prince and Count Palatine of Neuburg.
1695 George Savile 1st Marquess of Halifax an English statesman, writer, and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1660, and in the House of Lords after he was raised to the peerage in 1668.
1697 Charles XI of Sweden King of Sweden from 1660 until his death, in a period of Swedish history known as the Swedish empire.
1712 Jan Luyken a Dutch poet, illustrator and engraver.
1717 Jean Jouvenet a French painter, especially of religious subjects.
1723 Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach an Austrian architect, sculptor, and architectural historian whose Baroque architecture profoundly influenced and shaped the tastes of the Habsburg Empire. His influential book A Plan of Civil and Historical Architecture was one of the first and most popular comparative studies of world architecture. His major works include Schönbrunn Palace, Karlskirche, and the Austrian National Library in Vienna, and Schloss Klessheim, Holy Trinity Church, and the Collegiate Church in Salzburg
1735 Samuel Wesley (poet) a clergyman of the Church of England, as well as a poet and a writer of controversial prose. He was also the father of John Wesley and Charles Wesley, founders of Methodism
1735 William Derham an English clergyman and natural philosopher. He produced the earliest, reasonably accurate estimate of the speed of sound
1745 Princess Anne Thérèse of Savoy a Savoyard princess born in Paris, France. She was the second wife of Charles de Rohan, Prince de Soubise, a military leader and friend of Louis XV
1765 Edward Young an English poet, best remembered for Night-Thoughts.
1768 Egidio Forcellini born at Fener in the district of Treviso and belonged to a very poor family.
1794 Fabre d'Églantine a French actor, dramatist, poet, and politician of the French Revolution.
1794 Camille Desmoulins a journalist and politician who played an important role in the French Revolution. He was a childhood friend of Maximilien Robespierre and a close friend and political ally of Georges Danton, who were influential figures in the French Revolution. Desmoulins was tried and executed alongside Danton in response to Dantonist opposition to the Committee of Public Safety
1794 Pierre Philippeaux a French lawyer who was a deputy to the National Convention for Sarthe.
1794 François Chabot a French politician.
1794 François Joseph Westermann a French general of the Revolutionary Wars and political figure of the French Revolution.
1794 Joseph Delaunay a French deputy.
1794 Georges Danton a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution and the first President of the Committee of Public Safety. Danton's role in the onset of the Revolution has been disputed; many historians describe him as "the chief force in the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the First French Republic". A moderating influence on the Jacobins, he was guillotined by the advocates of revolutionary terror after accusations of venality and leniency to the enemies of the Revolution
1794 Claude Basire a French politician of the Revolutionary period.
1794 Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles a French judge and politician who took part in the French Revolution.
1796 Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon duc de Mahon the 4th Duke of Crillon and 1st Duke of Mahon. He became a soldier at the age of 16 and served with distinction in the French army before transferring to the army of Spain, which was allied with France for much of the 18th century. By the end of his life he had risen to the highest military rank in Spain and it was said that he had served in 68 engagements. His most famous achievement was the successful invasion of Minorca in 1781, in which he defeated a British garrison and returned the island to Spain, although his efforts the following year to recapture Gibraltar from the British were a notable failure
1799 Johann Christoph Gatterer a German historian who was a native of Lichtenau. He was the father of cameralist Christoph Wilhelm Jacob Gatterer and poet Magdalena Philippine Engelhard
1804 Jean-Charles Pichegru a distinguished French general of the Revolutionary Wars. Under his command, French troops overran Belgium and the Netherlands before fighting on the Rhine front. His subsequent involvement in a royalist conspiracy to remove Napoleon from power led to his arrest and death
1808 Johann Georg Wille a notable German engraver active in Germany and France.
1811 Robert Raikes an English philanthropist and Anglican layman, noted for his promotion of Sunday schools. Pre-dating state schooling and by 1831 schooling 1,250,000 children, they are seen as the first schools of the English state school system
1831 Pierre Léonard Vander Linden a Belgian entomologist.
1834 Richard Goodwin Keats a British naval officer who fought throughout the American Revolution, French Revolutionary War and Napoleonic War. He retired in 1812 due to ill health and was made Commodore-Governor of Newfoundland from 1813 to 1816. In 1821 he was made Governor of Greenwich Hospital in Greenwich, London. Keats held the post until his death at Greenwich in 1834. Keats is remembered as a capable and well respected officer. His actions at the Battle of Algeciras Bay became legendary
1835 Ivan Martos a Russian sculptor and art teacher of Ukrainian origin who helped awaken Russian interest in Neoclassical sculpture.
1840 Lant Carpenter an English educator and Unitarian minister.
1842 Shah Shujah Durrani ruler of the Durrani Empire from 1803 to 1809. He then ruled from 1839 until his death in 1842. Shuja Shah was of the Sadozai line of the Abdali group of Pashtuns. He became the fifth Emir of Afghanistan
1852 Prince Felix of Schwarzenberg a Bohemian nobleman and an Austrian statesman who restored the Habsburg Empire as a European great power following the Revolutions of 1848. He served as Minister-President of the Austrian Empire and Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire from 1848 to 1852
1857 Jan Tyssowski a Dictator of the Republic of Kraków during the failed 1846 uprising. He was a Polish intellectual and activist during Poland's rebellions against its occupying powers. He studied philosophy and law at the University of Lwow. After the failed 1831 November Uprising, Russian authorities prohibited his return to Lwow, and he went study at the University of Vienna. He was a Polish political organizer in Galicia with Ludwik Mieroslawski, and was active within the aristocracy and insurrectionist movement. In 1846, Krakow revolted against the Austrians and they withdrew, leaving the Polish-controlled Republic of Krakow in Tyssowski's hands. The government had originally been established as a triumvirate between Tyssowski and two others, but personal differences led Tyssowski to take control. Intending a "classless society", he declared universal suffrage, emancipation of the peasantry, and the discontinuation of rents for peasants. The Republic attempted to expand into neighboring rural areas, and sympathetic peasants did join the cause, but these units were defeated by much larger Austrian armies, which also had broad support among the peasants. On March 3, Russia occupied the city and passed it back to Austria. Roughly 1,200 people were arrested and approximately 100 were imprisoned in the Kufstein Fortress. The Austrian Empire captured Tyssowski who surrendered to the occupying forces, and allowed him to emigrate