April 5 events in history

823 Lothair I is crowned King of Italy by Pope Paschal I
1081 Alexios I Komnenos is crowned Byzantine emperor at Constantinople, bringing the Komnenian dynasty to full power
1242 During a battle on the ice of Lake Peipus, Russian forces, led by Alexander Nevsky, rebuff an invasion attempt by the Teutonic Knights
1536 Royal Entry of Charles V into Rome: the last Roman triumph
1566 Two-hundred Dutch noblemen, led by Hendrik van Brederode, force themselves into the presence of Margaret of Parma and present the Petition of Compromise, denouncing the Spanish Inquisition in the Netherlands. The Inquisition is suspended and a delegation is sent to Spain to petition Philip II
1609 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa
1614 In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe
1621 The Mayflower sets sail from Plymouth, Massachusetts on a return trip to England
1710 The Statute of Anne receives the Royal Assent establishing the Copyright law of the United Kingdom
1722 The Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island
1792 U.S. President George Washington exercises his authority to veto a bill, the first time this power is used in the United States
1804 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil
1818 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement – led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín – win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead
1847 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park in Britain, is opened in Birkenhead
1862 American Civil War: The Battle of Yorktown begins
1879 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific
1900 Archaeologists in Knossos, Crete, discover a large cache of clay tablets with hieroglyphic writing in a script they call Linear B
1904 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England
1922 The American Birth Control League, forerunner of Planned Parenthood, is incorporated
1923 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company begins production of balloon-tires
1932 Alcohol prohibition in Finland ends. Alcohol sales begin in Alko liquor stores
1932 Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government
1933 U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs two executive orders: 6101 to establish the Civilian Conservation Corps, and 6102 "forbidding the Hoarding of Gold Coin, Gold Bullion, and Gold Certificates" by U.S. citizens
1936 Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak: An F5 tornado kills 233 in Tupelo, Mississippi
1942 World War II: The Imperial Japanese Navy launches a carrier-based air attack on Colombo, Ceylon during the Indian Ocean Raid. Port and civilian facilities are damaged and the Royal Navy cruisers HMS Cornwall and HMS Dorsetshire are sunk southwest of the island
1943 World War II: American bomber aircraft accidentally cause more than 900 civilian deaths, including 209 children, and 1,300 wounded among the civilian population of the Belgian town of Mortsel. Their target was the Erla factory one kilometer from the residential area hit
1944 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
1945 Cold War: Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito signs an agreement with the Soviet Union to allow "temporary entry of Soviet troops into Yugoslav territory"
1946 Soviet troops leave the island of Bornholm, Denmark after an 11-month occupation
1949 Fireside Theater debuts on television
1949 A fire in a hospital in Effingham, Illinois, kills 77 people and leads to nationwide fire code improvements in the United States
1951 Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are sentenced to death for spying for the Soviet Union
1956 Fidel Castro declares himself at war with Cuban President Fulgencio Batista
1956 In Sri Lanka, the Mahajana Eksath Peramuna win the general elections in a landslide and S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike is sworn in as the Prime Minister
1957 In India, Communists win the first elections in united Kerala and E.M.S. Namboodiripad is sworn in as the first chief minister
1958 Ripple Rock, an underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada is destroyed in one of the largest non-nuclear controlled explosions of the time
1969 Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities
1971 In Sri Lanka, Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna launches a revolt against the United Front government of Sirimavo Bandaranaike
1976 In the People's Republic of China, the April Fifth Movement leads to the Tiananmen incident
1986 Three people are killed in the bombing of the La Belle Discothèque in West Berlin, Germany
1991 An ASA EMB 120 crashes in Brunswick, Georgia, killing all 23 aboard including Sen. John Tower and Astronaut Sonny Carter
1992 Alberto Fujimori, president of Peru, dissolves the Peruvian congress by military force
1992 The Siege of Sarajevo begins when Serb paramilitaries murder peace protesters Suada Dilberovic and Olga Sučić on the Vrbanja Bridge
1994 American musician Kurt Cobain commits suicide
1998 In Japan, the Akashi Kaikyō Bridge linking Awaji Island with Honshū and costing about $3.8 billion USD, opens to traffic, becoming the largest suspension bridge in the world
1999 Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands
2009 North Korea launches its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket. The satellite passed over mainland Japan, which prompted an immediate reaction from the United Nations Security Council, as well as participating states of Six-party talks
2010 Twenty-nine coal miners are killed in an explosion at the Upper Big Branch Mine in West Virginia