Died on April 8

217 Caracalla the popular nickname of Antoninus , Roman emperor of Punic and Syrian descent from 198 to 217. The eldest son of Septimius Severus, he reigned jointly with his father from 198 until Severus' death in 211. For a short time he then ruled jointly with his younger brother Geta until he had him murdered later in 211. Caracalla is remembered as one of the most notorious and unpleasant of emperors because of the massacres and persecutions he authorized and instigated throughout the Empire
622 Prince Shōtoku a semi-legendary regent and a politician of the Asuka period in Japan who served under Empress Suiko. He was a son of Emperor Yōmei and his younger half-sister Princess Anahobe no Hashihito. His parents were relatives of the ruling Soga clan, and was involved in the defeat of the rival Mononobe Clan. The primary source of the life and accomplishments of Prince Shōtoku comes from the Nihon Shoki
1143 John II Komnenos Byzantine Emperor from 1118 to 1143. Also known as "John the Beautiful" or "John the Good" , he was the eldest son of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina and the second emperor to rule during the Komnenian restoration of the Byzantine Empire. John was a pious and dedicated monarch who was determined to undo the damage his empire had suffered following the battle of Manzikert, half a century earlier
1364 John II of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1350 until his death.
1401 Thomas de Beauchamp 12th Earl of Warwick an English medieval nobleman, and one of the primary opponents of Richard II.
1450 Sejong the Great the fourth king of Joseon. Born with family name Yi , given name Do , family origin Jeonju , sobriquet Wonjeong. Posthumous name is Sejong. Posthumous title, abbreviated, is JangHun Great King , and official title is Sejong Jangheon Yeongmun Yemu Inseong Myeonghyo Daewang. He was the third son between King Taejong and Queen-Consort Min. He was designated as heir-apparent, Grand Prince, after his older brother Jae was stripped of his title. He ascended to the throne in 1418. During the first four years of his reign, Taejong governed as regent, and this was when his father-in-law, Shim Ohn, and his close associates were executed
1461 Georg von Peuerbach an Austrian astronomer, mathematician and instrument maker, best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic Astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum.
1521 William II of Pernstein a Moravian-Bohemian nobleman. He held the office of High Treasurer of Moravia from 1474 to 1487. He was High Marshall of Bohemia from 1483 to 1490 and Lord Chamberlain of Bohemia from 1490 to 1514
1530 Francis Lambert (theologian) a Protestant reformer, the son of a papal official at Avignon, where he was born between 1485 and 1487.
1551 Oda Nobuhide a warlord and magistrate of lower Owari Province during the Sengoku period of Japan. His father was Oda Nobusada and Nobuhide was the father of Oda Nobunaga
1586 Martin Chemnitz an eminent second-generation Lutheran theologian, reformer, churchman, and confessor. In the Lutheran tradition he is known as Alter Martinus, the "Second Martin": Si Martinus non fuisset, Martinus vix stetisset goes a common saying concerning him. He is commemorated as a pastor and confessor in the Lutheran Service Book of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod on November 9
1595 Henri I d'Orléans duc de Longueville a French aristocrat and military and Grand Chamberlain of France between 1589 and 1595.
1612 Anne Catherine of Brandenburg queen-consort of Denmark and Norway from 1597 to 1612 as the first spouse of King Christian IV of Denmark.
1620 Angelo Rocca founder of the Angelica Library at Rome, afterwards accessible from 1604 as a public library.
1676 Claudia Felicitas of Austria the eldest daughter of Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Austria, and his wife Anna de' Medici. She was Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, Archduchess of Austria, German Queen, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia as the spouse of Leopold I
1694 Nicolás de Villacis a Spanish Baroque painter from Murcia, a disciple of Diego Velázquez.
1697 Niels Juel a Danish admiral. He was the brother of the diplomat Jens Juel
1704 Hiob Ludolf a German orientalist, and born at Erfurt. Edward Ullendorff rates Ludolf as having "the most illustrious name in Ethiopic scholarship"
1704 Henry Sydney 1st Earl of Romney born in Paris, a son of Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, of Penshurst Place in Kent, England, and his wife, born Lady Dorothy Percy, a daughter of Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland and sister of Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland.
1725 John Wise (clergyman) a Congregationalist reverend and political leader in Massachusetts during the American colonial period. Wise was noted for his political activism, specifically his protests against British taxation, for which he was once jailed As the pastor of the Chebacco Parish from 1680 to his death in 1725, Wise lived in Ipswich, Massachusetts, often called "the birthplace of American independence."
1735 Francis II Rákóczi a Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburgs in 1703-11 as the prince of the Estates Confederated for Liberty of the Kingdom of Hungary. He was also Prince of Transylvania, an Imperial Prince, and a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece. Today he is considered a national hero in Hungary
1778 Pieter Teyler van der Hulst a wealthy Dutch Mennonite merchant and banker, who died childless, leaving a legacy of two million florins to the pursuit of religion, arts and science in his hometown, that led to the formation of Teyler's Museum. This was not the value of his entire estate. He also founded Teylers Hofje in his name, and made important donations to individuals in the Mennonite community
1783 David de Gorter a Dutch physician and botanist.
1783 Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt a consort of Baden, a dilettante artist, scientist, collector and salonist.
1810 Venanzio Rauzzini an Italian castrato, composer, pianist, singing teacher and concert impresario. As a boy he was a member of the Sistine Chapel Choir and was a pupil of Domenico Corri and Muzio Clementi. He also studied with Giuseppe Santarelli in Rome and Nicola Porpora in Naples
1816 Julie Billiart a French religious leader who founded, and was the first Superior General of, the Congregation of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur.
1820 Thomas Douglas 5th Earl of Selkirk a Scottish peer. He was born at Saint Mary's Isle, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. He was noteworthy as a Scottish philanthropist who sponsored immigrant settlements in Canada at the Red River Colony
1833 Raffaello Sanzio Morghen an Italian engraver.
1835 Wilhelm von Humboldt a German philosopher, government functionary, diplomat, and founder of the University of Berlin, which was named after him in 1949.
1839 Pierre Prévost a Genevan philosopher and physicist. In 1791 he showed that all bodies radiate heat, no matter how hot or cold they are
1848 Gaetano Donizetti an Italian composer from Bergamo in Lombardy. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, Donizetti was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first fifty years of the Nineteenth Century
1848 Louis Adam a French composer, music teacher, and piano virtuoso. His son, Adolphe Adam, was the composer of the score for the ballet Giselle
1853 Jan Willem Pieneman a painter from the Northern Netherlands.
1857 Mangal Pandey an Indian soldier who played a key part in events immediately preceding the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857.Mangal Pandey was a sepoy in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry regiment of the British East India Company. While contemporary British opinion considered him a traitor and mutineer, Pandey is widely regarded as a freedom fighter in modern India. In 1984, the Indian government issued a postage stamp to commemorate him. His life and actions have also been portrayed in several cinematic productions
1860 István Széchenyi a Hungarian politician, theorist and writer, one of the greatest statesmen of Hungarian history. István is a Hungarian name equivalent of the name Stephen
1861 Elisha Otis an American industrialist, founder of the Otis Elevator Company, and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails. He worked on this device while living in Yonkers, New York in 1852, and had a finished product in 1854
1867 Emil Adolf Rossmässler a German biologist.
1867 Valerian Safonovich a Russian statesman and politician who served as ruler of Oryol Governorate from 1854 to 1861.
1870 Charles Auguste de Bériot a Belgian violinist and composer.
1872 Cornelius Krieghoff a Canadian painter of the 19th century. Krieghoff is most famous for his paintings of Canadian landscapes and Canadian life outdoors, which were sought-after in his own time as they are today. He is particularly famous for his winter scenes, some of which he painted in a number of variants
1878 Eugène Belgrand a French engineer who made significant contributions to the modernization of the Parisian sewer system during the 19th century rebuilding of Paris. Much of Belgrand's work remains in use today
1878 Henrietta Treffz best known as the first wife of Johann Strauss II and a well-known mezzo-soprano appearing in England in 1849 to great acclaim.
1878 Moritz August Seubert a German botanist.
1879 Nikolai Zaremba a Russian musical theorist, teacher and composer. His most famous student was Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, who became his pupil 1861. Others included Dostojevsky's nephews, the children of his brother Mikhail and Vasily Safonov. Until 2010 almost nobody knew what he had composed
1879 Anthony Panizzi a naturalised British librarian of Italian birth and an Italian patriot.
1882 Jules Quicherat a French historian and archaeologist.
1885 C. A. Rosetti a Romanian literary and political leader, born in Bucharest into a Phanariot Greek family of Italian origin.
1889 Jean-Baptiste Arban a cornetist, conductor, composer, pedagogue and the first famed virtuoso of the cornet à piston or valved cornet. He was influenced by Niccolò Paganini's virtuosic technique on the violin and successfully proved that the cornet was a true solo instrument by developing virtuoso technique on the instrument
1893 August Czartoryski a Prince of the Polish Czartoryski family, born in Paris during the family's exile. A sickly child, he spent much of his youth being shuttled to various health spas. He was accompanied and tutored by a Polish patriot, Father Raphael Kalinowski, a man who was later canonized. Prince August also turned to the priesthood, and after dying at a relatively young age of tuberculosis, was himself beatified, on the path towards becoming a saint
1894 Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay a Bengali writer, poet and journalist. He was the composer of India's national song Vande Mataram, originally a Bengali and Sanskrit stotra personifying India as a mother goddess and inspiring the activists during the Indian Independence Movement. Bankim Chandra wrote 13 novels and several 'serious, serio-comic, satirical, scientific and critical treaties' in Bengali. His works were widely translated into other regional languages of India as well as in English