Died on April 9

491 Zeno (emperor) Byzantine Emperor from 474 to 475 and again from 476 to 491. Domestic revolts and religious dissension plagued his reign, which nevertheless succeeded to some extent in foreign issues. His reign saw the end of the Western Roman Empire under Julius Nepos, but he contributed much to stabilizing the eastern Empire
585 Emperor Jimmu the first emperor of Japan, according to legend. His accession is traditionally dated as 660 He is a descendant of the sun goddess Amaterasu through her grandson Ninigi, as well as a descendant of the storm god Susanoo. He launched a military expedition from Hyuga near the Inland Sea, captured Yamato, and established this as his center of power
682 Maslama ibn Mukhallad al-Ansari one of the Companions of the Prophet and active in Egypt in the decades after its conquest by the Muslims.
715 Pope Constantine Pope from 25 March 708 to his death in 715. With the exception of Antipope Constantine, he was the only pope to take such a "quintessentially" Eastern name of an emperor. During this period, the regnal name was also used by emperors and patriarchs
1024 Pope Benedict VIII reigned from 18 May 1012 to his death in 1024. He was born Theophylactus to the noble family of the counts of Tusculum , descended from Theophylact, Count of Tusculum, just as was his predecessor Pope Benedict VI
1137 William X Duke of Aquitaine Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, and Count of Poitou from 1126 to 1137. He was the son of William IX by his second wife, Philippa of Toulouse
1166 Waleran de Beaumont 1st Earl of Worcester the son of Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester and Elizabeth de Vermandois, and the twin brother of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester. He is not referred to by any surname in a contemporary document other than 'Waleran son of Count Robert'
1241 Henry II the Pious Duke of Silesia at Wrocław and Duke of Kraków and thus High Duke of all Poland as well as Duke of Southern Greater Poland from 1238 until his death. During 1238–1239 he also served as a regent of two other Piast duchies: Sandomierz and Upper Silesian Opole-Raciborz
1248 Hugh I Count of Blois Count of Blois from 1230 to 1241, and Count of Saint Pol from 1226 to 1248.
1283 Margaret of Scotland Queen of Norway Queen of Norway as the wife of King Eric II.
1302 Constance of Sicily Queen of Aragon Queen of Aragon as the wife of King Peter III. She was the only daughter of King Manfred of Sicily and his first wife, Beatrice of Savoy
1323 Isabella of Armenia Princess of Tyre the daughter of Leo II of Armenia. She was married at Nicosia in 1292/1293 to Amalric de Lusignan, by whom she had six children:
1327 Walter Stewart 6th High Steward of Scotland the 6th hereditary High Steward of Scotland. He was also the father of King Robert II of Scotland
1483 Edward IV of England the King of England from 4 March 1461 until 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death in 1483. He was the first Yorkist King of England. The first half of his rule was marred by the violence associated with the Wars of the Roses, but he overcame the Lancastrian challenge to the throne at Tewkesbury in 1471 to reign in peace until his sudden death. Before becoming king, he was 4th Duke of York, 7th Earl of March, 5th Earl of Cambridge and 9th Earl of Ulster. He was also the 65th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
1484 Edward of Middleham Prince of Wales the only child of King Richard III of England and his queen consort, Anne Neville. He was Richard's only legitimate child and died aged ten
1492 Lorenzo de' Medici an Italian statesman and de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic during the Italian Renaissance. Known as Lorenzo the Magnificent by contemporary Florentines, he was a magnate, diplomat, politician and patron of scholars, artists, and poets. He is perhaps best known for his contribution to the art world, sponsoring artists such as Botticelli and Michelangelo. His life coincided with the mature phase of Italian Renaissance and his death coincided with the end of the Golden Age of Florence. The fragile peace he helped maintain between the various Italian states collapsed with his death. Lorenzo de' Medici is buried in the Medici Chapel in Florence
1553 François Rabelais a major French Renaissance writer, doctor, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar. He has historically been regarded as a writer of fantasy, satire, the grotesque, bawdy jokes and songs. His best known work is Gargantua and Pantagruel. Because of his literary power and historical importance, Western literary critics considered him one of the great writers of world literature and among the creators of modern European writing
1557 Mikael Agricola a clergyman who became the de facto founder of literary Finnish and a prominent proponent of the Protestant Reformation in Sweden including at the time Swedish territory Finland. He is often called the "father of literary Finnish". Agricola was consecrated as the bishop of Turku in 1554, without papal approval. As a result, he began a reform of the Finnish church along Lutheran lines. He translated the New Testament into Finnish and also produced the prayer book and hymns used in Finland's new Lutheran Church. This work set the rules of orthography that are the basis of modern Finnish spelling. His thorough work is particularly remarkable in that he accomplished it in only three years. He died suddenly while returning from a trip during which he negotiated a treaty with the Russians
1575 Absalon Pederssøn Beyer a Norwegian author, lecturer and Lutheran clergyman. Beyer contributed greatly to the spiritual Reformation in Norway. He is best known today for his diary or annal of contemporary events. Absalon Pederssøns dagbok 1552–1572, his diary from the years between 1552 and 1572 is one of the most important source of the information of the cultural and social history of Bergen during this period
1582 Richard Bertie (courtier) an English landowner and religious evangelical. He was the second husband of Catherine Willoughby, 12th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby, Duchess Dowager of Suffolk and a woman whom Henry VIII was considering as his seventh wife shortly before his death; she also received a proposal from the King of Poland
1591 Emilie of Saxony the third wife of Margrave George the Pious of Brandenburg-Ansbach. Since his two earlier wives died before his accession, she was the only one to enjoy the title Margravine
1607 Eleanor of Prussia a princess of the Duchy of Prussia by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.
1626 Francis Bacon an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist, and author. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method during the scientific revolution
1643 Benedetto Castelli an Italian mathematician. Benedetto was his name in religion on entering the Benedictine Order in 1595
1654 Matei Basarab a Wallachian Voivode between 1632 and 1654.
1670 Samuel de Sorbiere best known for his promotion of the works of Thomas Hobbes and Pierre Gassendi, in whose view of physics he placed his support, though unable to refute René Descartes, but who developed a reputation in his own day for a truculent and disputatious nature. Sorbière is regarded often by his position on ethics and disclosure about medical mistakes. In 1672 Sorbière considered the idea of being honest and upfront about a mistake having been made in medicine but thought that it might seriously jeopardise medical practice and concluded that it "would not catch on"
1672 Al-Rashid of Morocco Sultan of Morocco from 1666 to 1672. He has been called the founder of the Alaouite Dynasty
1693 Roger de Rabutin Comte de Bussy a French memoirist. He was the cousin and frequent correspondent of Madame de Sévigné
1747 Simon Fraser 11th Lord Lovat a Scottish Jacobite and Chief of Clan Fraser of Lovat, who was famous for his violent feuding and his changes of allegiance. In 1715, he had been a supporter of the House of Hanover, but in 1745 he changed sides and supported the Stuart claim on the crown of the United Kingdom. Lovat was among the Highlanders defeated at the Battle of Culloden and convicted of treason against the Crown. He was the last man in Britain to be publicly beheaded, on Tower Hill, London
1754 Christian Wolff (philosopher) a German philosopher. The mountain Mons Wolff on the Moon got its name in his honor
1761 William Law sometimes considered a second-generation non-juror. Thereafter, Law first continued as a simple priest and when that too became impossible without the required oath, Law taught privately, as well as wrote extensively. His personal integrity, as well as mystic and theological writing greatly influenced the evangelical movement of his day as well as Enlightenment thinkers such as the writer Dr Samuel Johnson and the historian Edward Gibbon. Law's spiritual writings remain in print today
1768 Sarah Fielding a British author and sister of the novelist Henry Fielding. She was the author of The Governess, or The Little Female Academy , which was the first novel in English written especially for children , and had earlier achieved success with her novel The Adventures of David Simple
1790 Mohammed ben Abdallah Sultan of Morocco from 1757 to 1790 under the Alaouite dynasty. He was the governor of Marrakech around 1750. He was also sultan briefly during 1748
1796 Frederick Albert Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg a German prince of the House of Ascania and Reigning prince of the principality of Anhalt-Bernburg from 1765 to 1796.
1804 Jacques Necker a French statesman of Swiss birth and finance minister of Louis XVI, a post he held in the lead-up to the French Revolution in 1789.
1806 William V Prince of Orange the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. He went into exile to London in 1795. He was the reigning Prince of Nassau-Orange until his death in 1806. In that capacity he was succeeded by his son William
1807 Catherine Antonovna of Brunswick daughter of Duke Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick and Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia. Born a few days before the desposition of her brother Ivan VI, she was imprisoned by Empress Elizabeth of Russia along with her family from 1742 to 1780 at Kholmogory, and in 1780, she and two brothers and a sister were placed under house arrest for the rest of their lives in Horsens. She was the last descendant of Ivan V of Russia
1810 Alessandro Malaspina an Italian nobleman who spent most of his life as a Spanish naval officer and explorer. Under a Spanish royal commission, he undertook a voyage around the world from 1786 to 1788, then, from 1789 to 1794, a scientific expedition throughout the Pacific Ocean, exploring and mapping much of the west coast of the Americas from Cape Horn to the Gulf of Alaska, crossing to Guam and the Philippines, and stopping in New Zealand, Australia, and Tonga
1820 Angelo Anelli an Italian poet and librettist who also wrote under the pseudonyms Marco Landi and Niccolò Liprandi. He was born in Desenzano del Garda and studied literature and poetry at a seminary in Verona. In 1793 he enrolled in the University of Padua, receiving a degree in Canon and Civil Law two years later. Active in the politics of the Cisalpine Republic in his youth, he was imprisoned twice. His 1789 sonnet on the vicissitudes of Italy under Austrian domination ,"La calamità d'Italia" , was for a long time incorrectly attributed to Ugo Foscolo
1830 Friedrich Münter a German-Danish scholar, professor of theology at the University of Copenhagen, orientalist, church historian, archaeologist, Danish bishop of Zealand, and freemason. He was a brother of Sophie Christiane Friederike Brun
1831 Paul Usteri a Swiss physician, botanist, publicist and politician.
1832 Bernard-François marquis de Chauvelin a French nobleman and liberal.
1837 Domenico Quaglio the Younger a German painter, engraver, stage designer, and architect. He was the second son of Giuseppe Quaglio and part of the large Quaglio pedigree of Italian artists involved in architecture, indoor fresco decoration, and scenography for the court theaters. He known as a landscape and architectural painter/decorator, including quadratura. He was born in Munich. He was taught perspective and scene-painting by his father, and engraving by Mettenleiter and Karl Hess. In 1819 he resigned his post as scene-painter, and occupied himself only with architecture, for which he obtained subjects in the Netherlands, Italy, France, and England. As architect in charge, Domenico Quaglio was responsible for the neogothic style of the exterior design of Hohenschwangau Castle, summer and hunting residence of King Maximilian II of Bavaria, son of King Ludwig I of Bavaria and father of King Ludwig Quaglio died at Hohenschwangau in 1837. He engraved twelve plates of'Architectural Monuments’‘, and lithographed thirty Remarkable German Buildings of the Middle Ages
1847 Jan Paweł Lelewel a Polish painter and engineer.
1850 William Prout an English chemist, physician, and natural theologian. He is remembered today mainly for what is called Prout's hypothesis
1854 Jules-Édouard Alboize de Pujol a French historian and playwright. Director of the Théâtre de l'Atelier in Montmartre, Alboize Pujol wrote several dramas and comedies, either alone or in collaboration
1854 Antoine Jay a French writer, journalist, historian and politician.
1858 Joseph Karl Stieler a German painter. From 1820 until 1855 he worked as royal court painter of the Bavarian kings. He is known for his Neoclassical portraits, especially for the Gallery of Beauties at Nymphenburg Palace in Munich
1872 Erastus Corning an American businessman and politician.
1873 Charles Allston Collins a British painter, writer and illustrator associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.