April 1781 in history

April 1781 events chronologically

Apr 29 American Revolutionary War: British and French ships clash in the Battle of Fort Royal off the coast of Martinique

Born in April 1781

Apr 3 Swaminarayan the central figure in a modern sect of Hinduism known as the Swaminarayan Hinduism, a form of Vaishnavism. Swaminarayan was born Ghanshyam Pande in Chhapaiya, Uttar Pradesh, India in 1781. In 1792, he began a seven year pilgrimage across India, adopting the name Nilkanth Varni. He settled in the state of Gujarat around 1799. In 1800, he was initiated into the Uddhav Sampraday by his guru, Ramanand Swami, and was given the name Sahajanand Swami. In 1802, his guru handed over the leadership of the Uddhav Sampraday to him before his death. Sahajanand Swami held a gathering and taught the Swaminarayan mantra. From this point onwards, he was known as Swaminarayan and within the sect, he is regarded as an incarnation of God, Purushottama, or is venerated as an incarnation of Narayana from the Nara-Narayana deity pair by his followers. The Uddhav Sampraday became known as the Swaminarayan Sampraday
Apr 7 Francis Leggatt Chantrey an English sculptor. He became the leading portrait sculptor in the Regency era Britain, producing busts and statues of many notable figures of the time. He left the Chantrey Bequest or Chantrey Fund for the purchase of works of art for the nation, which was available from 1878 after the death of his widow
Apr 22 José de Madrazo y Agudo a Spanish painter of the Neoclassic period. He was the father of the painters Federico de Madrazo and Luis de Madrazo
Apr 22 Friedrich Christian Hermann Uber a German composer, who also served as the cantor of the Kreuzkirche in Dresden.
Apr 25 Archduke Ferdinand Karl Joseph of Austria-Este the third son of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and of his wife Princess Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este, last member and heiress of the House of Este. For much of the Napoleonic Wars he was in command of the Austrian army
Apr 30 George Washington Parke Custis the step-grandson and adopted son of United States President George Washington, and father-in-law of Robert Lee. He spent his large inherited fortune building Arlington House on the Potomac opposite Washington D.C. After his death, the estate was left to the Lee family, but was confiscated after the outbreak of the American Civil War. Later, the confiscation was rescinded, and Congress bought the estate back from the family. The house is now the Robert Lee Memorial and the plantation became Arlington National Cemetery and Fort Myer. He also wrote historical plays about Virginia, a number of patriotic addresses, and a memoir of life in the Washington household

Died in April 1781

Apr 3 George Bogle (diplomat) a Scottish adventurer and diplomat, the first to establish diplomatic relations with Tibet and to attempt recognition by the Chinese Qing Empire. His mission is still used today as a reference point in debates between China and Tibetan independence activists
Apr 23 James Abercrombie (British Army general) a British Army general and commander-in-chief of forces in North America during the French and Indian War, best known for the disastrous British losses in the 1758 Battle of Carillon.
Apr 28 Cornelius Harnett an American merchant, farmer, and statesman from Wilmington, North Carolina. He was a leading American Revolutionary in the Cape Fear region, and a delegate for North Carolina in the Continental Congress from 1777 to 1779