April 1931 in history

April 1931 events chronologically

Apr 14 The Spanish Cortes deposes King Alfonso XIII and proclaims the Second Spanish Republic
Apr 14 First edition of the Highway Code published in Great Britain

Top 7 most famous people born in April 1931

Apr 7 Daniel Ellsberg an activist and former United States military analyst who, while employed by the RAND Corporation, precipitated a national political controversy in 1971 when he released the Pentagon Papers, a top-secret Pentagon study of U.S. government decision-making in relation to the Vietnam War, to The New York Times and other newspapers. He was awarded the Right Livelihood Award in 2006. He is also known for popularising part of decision theory, the Ellsberg paradox
Apr 7 Donald Barthelme an American author known for his playful, postmodernist style of short fiction. Barthelme also worked as a newspaper reporter for the Houston Post, was managing editor of Location magazine, director of the Contemporary Arts Museum in Houston , co-founder of Fiction , and a professor at various universities. He also was one of the original founders of the University of Houston Creative Writing Program
Apr 8 John Gavin an American film actor and a former United States Ambassador to Mexico from 1981–86 and head of the Screen Actors Guild from 1971-73. He is best known for his performances in the films Imitation of Life , Spartacus , Psycho , and Thoroughly Modern Millie , playing leading roles in a series of films for producer Ross Hunter, and for being cast as James Bond in Diamonds Are Forever before Sean Connery agreed to reprise the role
Apr 13 Dan Gurney a retired American racing driver, race car constructor, and team owner.
Apr 15 Tomas Tranströmer a Swedish poet, psychologist and translator. His poems capture the long Swedish winters, the rhythm of the seasons and the palpable, atmospheric beauty of nature. Tranströmer's work is also characterized by a sense of mystery and wonder underlying the routine of everyday life, a quality which often gives his poems a religious dimension. Indeed, he has been described as a Christian poet
Apr 19 Fred Brooks a computer architect, software engineer, and computer scientist, best known for managing the development of IBM's System/360 family of computers and the OS/360 software support package, then later writing candidly about the process in his seminal book The Mythical Man-Month. Brooks has received many awards, including the National Medal of Technology in 1985 and the Turing Award in 1999
Apr 24 Bridget Riley an English painter who is one of the foremost exponents of op art. She currently lives and works in London, Cornwall and France

Top 7 most famous people died in April 1931

Apr 4 George Whitefield Chadwick an American composer. Along with Horatio Parker, Amy Beach, Arthur Foote, and Edward MacDowell, he was a representative composer of what can be called the New England School of American composers of the late 19th century—the generation before Charles Ives. Chadwick's works are influenced by the Realist movement in the arts, characterized by a down-to-earth depiction of people's lives. Many consider his music to portray a distinctively American style. His works included several operas, three symphonies, five string quartets, tone poems, incidental music, songs and choral anthems. Along with a group of other composers collectively known as the Boston Six, Chadwick was one of those responsible for the first significant body of concert music by composers from the United States. The other five were Amy Beach, Arthur Foote, Edward MacDowell, John Knowles Paine, and Horatio Parker
Apr 7 Theo van Doesburg a Dutch artist, who practised painting, writing, poetry and architecture. He is best known as the founder and leader of De Stijl
Apr 8 Erik Axel Karlfeldt a Swedish poet whose highly symbolist poetry masquerading as regionalism was popular and won him the Nobel Prize in Literature posthumously in 1931. It has been rumored that he had been offered, but declined, the award already in 1919
Apr 10 Kahlil Gibran a Lebanese artist, poet, and writer.
Apr 15 Joe Masseria an early Mafia Boss in New York City. He was boss of what is now called the Genovese crime family, one of the New York Mafia's Five Families, from 1922 to 1931. He waged a bloody war to take over the criminal activities in NYC, gaining considerable power for himself. He was killed in 1931
Apr 22 Isabella Princess of Asturias (1851–1931) For other Princesses of Asturias named Isabella, see Isabella, Princess of Asturias.
Apr 26 George Herbert Mead an American philosopher, sociologist and psychologist, primarily affiliated with the University of Chicago, where he was one of several distinguished pragmatists. He is regarded as one of the founders of social psychology and the American sociological tradition in general