April 1940 in history

April 1940 events chronologically

Apr 7 Booker T. Washington becomes the first African American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp
Apr 9 World War II: Operation Weserübung – Germany invades Denmark and Norway
Apr 9 Vidkun Quisling seizes power in Norway
Apr 14 World War II: Royal Marines land in Namsos, Norway in preparation for a larger force to arrive two days later
Apr 15 The Allies begin their attack on the Norwegian town of Narvik which is occupied by Nazi Germany
Apr 23 The Rhythm Night Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi, kills 198 people

Top 7 most famous people born in April 1940

Apr 1 Wangari Maathai a Kenyan environmental and political activist. She was educated in the United States at Mount Scholastica and the University of Pittsburgh, as well as the University of Nairobi in Kenya. In the 1970s, Maathai founded the Green Belt Movement, an environmental non-governmental organization focused on the planting of trees, environmental conservation, and women's rights. In 1986, she was awarded the Right Livelihood Award, and in 2004, she became the first African woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for "her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace". Maathai was an elected member of Parliament and served as assistant minister for Environment and Natural Resources in the government of President Mwai Kibaki between January 2003 and November 2005. Furthermore she was an Honorary Councillor of the World Future Council. In 2011, Maathai died of complications from ovarian cancer
Apr 12 Herbie Hancock an American pianist, keyboardist, bandleader and composer. As part of Miles Davis's Second Great Quintet, Hancock helped to redefine the role of a jazz rhythm section and was one of the primary architects of the "post-bop" sound. He was one of the first jazz musicians to embrace synthesizers and funk music. Hancock's music is often melodic and accessible; he has had many songs "cross over" and achieved success among pop audiences. His music embraces elements of funk and soul while adopting freer stylistic elements from jazz. In his jazz improvisation, he possesses a unique creative blend of jazz, blues, and modern classical music, with harmonic stylings much like the styles of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel
Apr 13 J. M. G. Le Clézio Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio , usually identified as M. Le Clézio, is a French-Mauritian writer and professor. The author of over forty works, he was awarded the 1963 Prix Renaudot for his novel Le Procès-Verbal, as well as the 2008 Nobel Prize in Literature for his life's work, as an "author of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization"
Apr 13 Max Mosley the former president of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile , a non-profit association that represents the interests of motoring organisations and car users worldwide. The FIA is also the governing body for Formula One and other international motorsports
Apr 14 Julie Christie a British actress. A pop icon of the "swinging London" era of the 1960s, she has won the Academy, Golden Globe, BAFTA, and Screen Actors Guild Awards
Apr 16 Margrethe II of Denmark the Queen regnant of Denmark. As the eldest child of King Frederik IX and Ingrid of Sweden, she succeeded her father upon his death on 14 January 1972. On her accession, she became the first female monarch of Denmark since Margrethe I, ruler of the Scandinavian countries in 1375–1412 during the Kalmar Union. Having been on the Danish throne for 42 years, she is currently the longest-reigning of the three Scandinavian monarchs. She is one of two queens regnant currently on the throne along with Queen Elizabeth II
Apr 25 Al Pacino an American actor and filmmaker. He is well known for playing mobsters, especially Michael Corleone in The Godfather films and Tony Montana in Scarface, and often appeared on the other side of the law—as a police officer, a detective and lawyer

Top 7 most famous people died in April 1940

Apr 1 John A. Hobson an English economist, social scientist and critic of imperialism, widely popular as a lecturer and writer.
Apr 5 Robert Maillart a Swiss civil engineer who revolutionized the use of structural reinforced concrete with such designs as the three-hinged arch and the deck-stiffened arch for bridges, and the beamless floor slab and mushroom ceiling for industrial buildings. His completed Salginatobel and Schwandbach bridges changed the aesthetics and engineering of bridge construction dramatically and influenced decades of architects and engineers after him. In 1991 the Salginatobel Bridge was declared an International Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers
Apr 5 Charles Freer Andrews a Church of England priest. A Christian missionary, educator and social reformer in India, he became a close friend of Mahatma Gandhi and identified with the cause of India's independence. He was instrumental in convincing Gandhi to return to India from South Africa, where Gandhi had been a leading light in the Indian civil rights struggle
Apr 9 Mrs. Patrick Campbell Patrick Campbell , born Beatrice Stella Tanner and known informally as "Mrs Pat", was an English stage actress
Apr 17 Katharina Schratt an Austrian actress who became "the uncrowned Empress of Austria" as a confidante of Emperor Franz Joseph.
Apr 25 Wilhelm Dörpfeld a German architect and archaeologist, a pioneer of stratigraphic excavation and precise graphical documentation of archaeological projects. He is famous for his work on Bronze Age sites around the Mediterranean, such as Tiryns and Hisarlik where he continued Heinrich Schliemann's excavations. Like Schliemann, Dörpfeld was an advocate of the historical reality of places mentioned in the works of Homer. While the details of his claims regarding locations mentioned in Homer's writings are not considered accurate by later archaeologists, his fundamental idea that they correspond to real places is accepted. Thus, his work greatly contributed not only to scientific techniques and study of these historically significant sites but also renewed public interest in the culture and mythology of ancient Greece
Apr 26 Carl Bosch a German chemist and engineer and Nobel laureate in chemistry. He was a pioneer in the field of high-pressure industrial chemistry and founder of IG Farben, at one point the world's largest chemical company