April 1944 in history

April 1944 events chronologically

Apr 1 Navigation errors lead to an accidental American bombing of the Swiss city of Schaffhausen
Apr 4 World War II: First bombardment of oil refineries in Bucharest by Anglo-American forces kills 3000 civilians
Apr 5 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
Apr 10 Rudolf Vrba and Alfréd Wetzler escape from the Birkenau death camp
Apr 13 Diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established
Apr 14 Bombay Explosion: A massive explosion in Bombay harbor kills 300 and causes economic damage valued then at 20 million pounds
Apr 16 World War II: Allied forces start bombing Belgrade, killing about 1,100 people. This bombing fell on the Orthodox Christian Easter

Top 7 most famous people born in April 1944

Apr 5 Peter T. King the U.S. Representative for New York's 2nd congressional district. He is a member of the Republican Party and represents the central Long Island district that includes parts of Nassau and Suffolk counties
Apr 7 Gerhard Schröder a German politician, and was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005. As a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany , he led a coalition government of the SPD and the Greens. Before becoming a full-time politician, he was a lawyer, and before becoming Chancellor he served as Prime Minister of Lower Saxony. Following the 2005 federal election, which his party lost, after three weeks of negotiations he stood down as Chancellor in favour of Angela Merkel of the rival Christian Democratic Union. He is currently the chairman of the board of Nord Stream AG, after having been hired as a global manager by investment bank Rothschild
Apr 7 Makoto Kobayashi (physicist) a Japanese physicist known for his work on CP-violation who was awarded one third of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature.".
Apr 11 John Milius an American screenwriter, director, and producer of motion pictures. He co-wrote the first two Dirty Harry films, received an Academy Award nomination as screenwriter of Apocalypse Now, and wrote and directed The Wind and the Lion, Conan the Barbarian and Red Dawn
Apr 18 Robert Hanssen a former US Federal Bureau of Investigation agent who spied for Soviet and Russian intelligence services against the United States for 22 years from 1979 to 2001. He is currently serving 15 consecutive life sentences at ADX Florence, a federal supermax prison in Florence, Colorado
Apr 19 James Heckman an American economist and Nobel laureate. He is the Henry Schultz Distinguished Service Professor of Economics at the and Director at the Center for the Economics of Human Development at the University of Chicago, and a Senior Research Fellow at the American Bar Foundation
Apr 22 Steve Fossett an American businessman, and a record-setting aviator, sailor, and adventurer. He was the first person to fly solo nonstop around the world in a balloon. He made his fortune in the financial services industry, and was best known for many world records, including five nonstop circumnavigations of the Earth: as a long-distance solo balloonist, as a sailor, and as a solo flight fixed-wing aircraft pilot

Top 7 most famous people died in April 1944

Apr 11 Ion Minulescu a Romanian avant-garde poet, novelist, short story writer, journalist, literary critic, and playwright. Often publishing his works under the pseudonyms M. Nirvan and Koh-i-Noor , he journeyed to Paris, where he was heavily influenced by the growing Symbolist movement and Parisian Bohemianism. A herald of Romania's own Symbolist movement, he had a major influence on local modernist literature, and was among the first local poets to use free verse
Apr 13 Cécile Chaminade a French composer and pianist.
Apr 15 Giovanni Gentile an Italian neo-Hegelian Idealist philosopher and politician, a peer of Benedetto Croce. He described himself as 'the philosopher of Fascism', and ghostwrote A Doctrine of Fascism for Benito Mussolini. He also devised his own system of philosophy, Actual Idealism
Apr 15 Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin a Soviet military commander during World War Vatutin was responsible for many Red Army operations in Ukraine as commander of the Southwestern front, the Voronezh front during the Battle of Kursk and the 1st Ukrainian front during the liberation of Kiev. He was ambushed and killed in February 1944 by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army
Apr 21 Hans-Valentin Hube a German general who served in the German Army during the First and Second World Wars. He was one of 27 people to be awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade the Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. At the time of its presentation to Hube it was Germany's highest military decoration. He died in an airplane crash in April 1944. Hube was nicknamed der Mensch by his troops during the Second World War
Apr 25 George Herriman an American cartoonist best known for the comic strip Krazy Kat. More influential than popular, Krazy Kat had an appreciative audience among people in the arts. Gilbert Seldes' article "The Krazy Kat Who Walks by Himself" was the earliest example of a critic from the high arts giving serious attention to a comic strip. The Comics Journal placed the strip first on its list of the greatest comics of the 20th century. Herriman's work has been a primary influence on cartoonists such as Will Eisner, Charles Schulz, Robert Crumb, Art Spiegelman, Bill Watterson, and Chris Ware
Apr 28 Frank Knox an American newspaper editor and publisher. He was also the Republican vice presidential candidate in 1936, and Secretary of the Navy under Franklin Roosevelt during most of World War II