April 1960 in history

April 1960 events chronologically

Apr 1 The TIROS-1 satellite transmits the first television picture from space. Dr. Martens released its first boots, the model 1460
Apr 4 France agrees to grant independence to the Mali Federation, a union of Senegal and French Sudan
Apr 8 The Netherlands and West Germany sign an agreement to negotiate the return of German land annexed by the Dutch in return for 280 million German marks as Wiedergutmachung
Apr 9 Dr. Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister of South Africa and architect of apartheid, narrowly survives an assassination attempt by a white farmer called David Pratt in Johannesburg
Apr 13 The United States launches Transit 1-B, the world's first satellite navigation system
Apr 15 At Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina, Ella Baker leads a conference that results in the creation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, one of the principal organizations of the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s
Apr 19 Students in South Korea hold a nationwide pro-democracy protest against president Syngman Rhee, eventually forcing him to resign

Top 7 most famous people born in April 1960

Apr 2 Linford Christie a former sprinter from the United Kingdom. He is the only British man to have won gold medals in the 100 metres at all four major competitions open to British athletes: the Olympic Games, the World Championships, the European Championships and the Commonwealth Games. He was the first European to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m and still holds the British record in the event. He is a former world indoor record holder over 200 metres, and a former European record holder in the 60 metres, 100 m and 4 x 100 metres relay. With 24 major championship medals including 10 gold medals, he is the most decorated British male athlete
Apr 4 Hugo Weaving an Australian-British film and stage actor. He is best known for his roles as Agent Smith in The Matrix trilogy and Elrond in the The Lord of the Rings film trilogy and The Hobbit film trilogy. He first rose to prominence for his performance as Martin in Proof. Other notable works include Tick in The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert, V in V for Vendetta, Red Skull in Captain America: The First Avenger and multiple roles in Cloud Atlas. He has also provided the voice Rex in Babe, Noah in Happy Feet and Happy Feet Two and Megatron in the Transformers film series as well as starring in numerous Australian character dramas. He has received many award nominations and wins during his career, including a Satellite Award, an MTV Movie Award and several Australian Film Institute Awards
Apr 11 Jeremy Clarkson an English broadcaster, journalist and writer who specialises in motoring. He is best known for his role on the BBC TV show Top Gear along with co-presenters Richard Hammond and James May. He also writes weekly columns for The Sunday Times and The Sun
Apr 13 Rudi Völler a former German international footballer, and a former manager of the German national team. He won the FIFA World Cup in 1990 as a player
Apr 15 Philippe of Belgium the King of the Belgians, having ascended the throne on 21 July 2013. He is the eldest child of King Albert II, whom he succeeded upon Albert's abdication for health reasons, and Queen Paola. He married Countess Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz , with whom he has four children. King Philippe's elder daughter, Princess Elisabeth, is next in the line of succession. At age 54, Philippe is Europe's third youngest reigning monarch, following the 47-year-old Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands and the 46-year-old Felipe VI of Spain
Apr 16 Rafael Benítez a Spanish football manager, and former player. He is currently manager of Napoli
Apr 28 Elena Kagan an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Kagan is the Court's 112th justice and fourth female justice

Top 7 most famous people died in April 1960

Apr 10 Arthur Benjamin an Australian composer, pianist, conductor and teacher. He is best known as the composer of Jamaican Rumba, composed in 1938
Apr 17 Eddie Cochran an American musician. Cochran's rockabilly songs, such as "C'mon Everybody", "Somethin' Else", and "Summertime Blues", captured teenage frustration and desire in the late 1950s and early 1960s. He experimented with multitrack recording and overdubbing even on his earliest singles, and was also able to play piano, bass and drums. His image as a sharply dressed and good-looking young man with a rebellious attitude epitomized the stance of the 50s rocker, and in death he achieved an iconic status
Apr 20 Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia the eldest daughter of Emperor Alexander III of Russia and Empress Maria Feodorovna of Russia and the sister of Emperor Nicholas She married her cousin Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia, with whom she had seven children. During her brother's reign she recorded in her diary and letters increasing concern about his rule. After the fall of the monarchy in February 1917 she fled Russia, eventually settling in the United Kingdom
Apr 24 Max von Laue a German physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1914 for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals. In addition to his scientific endeavors with contributions in optics, crystallography, quantum theory, superconductivity, and the theory of relativity, he had a number of administrative positions which advanced and guided German scientific research and development during four decades. A strong objector to National Socialism, he was instrumental in re-establishing and organizing German science after World War II
Apr 25 Amānullāh Khān the Sovereign of the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929, first as Emir and after 1926 as Malik. He led Afghanistan to independence over its foreign affairs from the United Kingdom, and his rule was marked by dramatic political and social change. He was the first Afghan ruler who attempted to modernize Afghanistan on Western designs. However, he did not succeed in this because of a popular uprising by Habibullah Kalakani and his followers. On 14 January 1929, Amanullah abdicated and fled to neighbouring British India while Afghanistan fell into a civil war. From British India he went to Europe where he died in Zürich, Switzerland, in 1960
Apr 28 Antonie Pannekoek a Dutch astronomer, Marxist theorist, and social revolutionary. He was one of the main theorists of council communism
Apr 28 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo a Chilean Army officer and political figure. He served as President twice, first between 1927 and 1931, and then from 1952 to 1958