Died on August 1

30 Mark Antony a Roman politician and general who played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic from an oligarchy into the autocratic Roman Empire.
371 Eusebius of Vercelli a bishop and saint in Italy. Along with Athanasius, he affirmed the divinity of Jesus against Arianism
527 Justin I Byzantine Emperor from 518 to 527. He rose through the ranks of the army and ultimately became its emperor, in spite of the fact he was illiterate and almost 70 years old at the time of accession. His reign is significant for the founding of the Justinian Dynasty that included his eminent nephew Justinian I and for the enactment of laws that de-emphasized the influence of the old Roman nobility. His consort was Empress Euphemia
946 Ali ibn Isa al-Jarrah a Persian official of the Abbasid Caliphate. Descended from a family with long history of service in the Abbasid government, he rose to power in the Abbasid court, serving as vizier in 913–917, 918–923, and 927–928. His political career, coinciding with the terminal decline of the Abbasid state, was turbulent, marked by a power struggle with his rival Abu 'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Furat and his supporters, resulting in frequent periods of exile. In contrast to the largesse and extravagance of Ibn al-Furat, Ali ibn Isa was austere and a determined opponent of corruption, which earned him many enemies. Nevertheless, he was later remembered as the "good vizier" for his administrative talent and honesty
1137 Louis VI of France King of the Franks from 1108 until his death. Chronicles called him "roi de Saint-Denis"
1146 Vsevolod II of Kiev the Prince of Chernigov and Grand Prince of Kiev , son of Oleg Svyatoslavich, Prince of Chernigov.
1190 Floris III Count of Holland Count of Holland from 1157 to 1190. He was a son of Dirk VI and Sophia of Rheineck, heiress of Bentheim
1191 Philip I Count of Flanders count of Flanders from 1168 to 1191. He succeeded his father Thierry of Alsace
1222 Raymond VI Count of Toulouse count of Toulouse and marquis of Provence from 1194 to 1222. He was also count of Melgueil from 1173 to 1190
1252 Giovanni da Pian del Carpine one of the first Europeans to enter the court of the Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. He is the author of the earliest important Western account of northern and central Asia, Rus, and other regions of the Mongol dominion. He was the Serbian Primate and Archbishop of Antivari from 1247 to 1252
1264 John I Lord of Mecklenburg Lord of Mecklenburg from 1234 until his death.
1348 Blanche of Valois the youngest daughter of Charles of Valois and his third wife Mahaut of Châtillon. She became Queen consort of Germany and Bohemia by her marriage to King and later Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV
1402 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York a younger son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, the fourth of this Royal couple's five sons who lived to adulthood. Like so many medieval princes, Edmund gained his identifying nickname from his birthplace of Kings Langley Palace in Hertfordshire. He was the founder of the House of York, but it was through the marriage of his younger son, Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge to Ann Mortimer, great-granddaughter of Lionel of Antwerp, Edward III's second son, that the Yorkist faction in the Wars of the Roses made its claim on the throne who was Edward III's third son
1457 Lorenzo Valla an Italian humanist, rhetorician, and educator. He is best known for his textual analysis that proved that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery
1464 Cosimo de' Medici the first of the Medici political dynasty, de facto rulers of Florence during much of the Italian Renaissance; also known as "Cosimo 'the Elder'" and "Cosimo Pater Patriae". His power derived from his great wealth as a banker, and he was a great patron of learning, the arts and architecture
1494 Giovanni Santi an Italian painter, decorator, and the father of Raphael. He was born at Colbordolo in the Duchy of Urbino. He was a petty merchant for a time; he then studied under Piero della Francesca. He was influenced by Fiorenzo di Lorenzo, and seems to have been an assistant and friend of Melozzo da Forlì. He was court painter to the Duke of Urbino and painted several altarpieces, two now in the Berlin Museum, a Madonna in the church of San Francesco in Urbino, one at the church of Santa Croce in Fano, one in the National Gallery at London, and another in the gallery at Urbino; an Annunciation at the Brera in Milan; a resurrected Christ in the Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest; and a Jerome in the Lateran. He died in Urbino
1507 Hosokawa Masamoto a deputy-shogun of the Hosokawa clan of Japan, and son of Hosokawa Katsumoto. Masamoto was appointed to this rank during 1486. For a brief period this title was lost by Hatakeyama Masanaga but was regained in time. When Ashikaga Yoshihisa died childless during the year of 1489, Masamoto supported the nomination of Ashikaga Yoshizumi as successor. Masamoto thought that the post of deputy-shogun would return to Hosokawa Masanaga due to Yoshitane's closeness with Hatakeyama Masanaga and his own objections to Yoshitane's rise. During Masanaga's struggle with a rival branch of the Hatakeyama clan, Yoshitane led troops to the assistance of Masanaga. Masamoto then assisted his force to the Hatakeyama, ultimately defeating those of Masanaga and Yoshitane. Masanaga killed himself during the battle and Yoshitane became a prisoner at Kyoto
1516 Louis I d'Orléans duc de Longueville a French aristocrat and general, Grand Chamberlain of France and governor of the Provence.
1541 Simon Grynaeus a German scholar and theologian of the Protestant Reformation.
1557 Olaus Magnus a Swedish writer and Catholic ecclesiastic.
1580 Everard Mercurian Very Rev. Everard Mercurian, S.J. was the fourth Superior General of the Society of Jesus
1580 Albrecht Giese a councilman and diplomat of the city of Danzig.
1584 Marcantonio Colonna an Italian general and admiral.
1586 Adolf Duke of Holstein-Gottorp the first Duke of Holstein-Gottorp from the line of Holstein-Gottorp of the House of Oldenburg.
1589 Jacques Clément a French conspirator and the killer of the French king Henry III.
1603 Konstanty Korniakt a Greek born merchant, and a Polish nobleman, active throughout Central and Eastern Europe; a leaseholder of royal tolls who collected customs duty on behalf of the king. During his lifetime he was the wealthiest man in Lviv and even owned numerous villages. He was a wholesale merchant and founder of the Korniakt family dynasty
1607 Otto Casmann a German humanist who converted from Catholicism to Protestantism as a young man.
1638 Joachim Wtewael a Dutch Mannerist painter and draughtsman. Wtewael was equally part of the Flemish school of the sixteenth century and the Dutch School of the early seventeenth
1677 George Christian Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg the third Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.
1714 Anne Queen of Great Britain became Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland on 8 March 1702. On 1 May 1707, under the Acts of Union, two of her realms, the kingdoms of England and Scotland, united as a single sovereign state, the United Kingdom of Great Britain. She continued to reign as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland until her death
1715 Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar a German prince, son by his second marriage of Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. Despite his early death he is remembered as a collector and commissioner of music and as a composer some of whose concertos were arranged for harpsichord or organ by Johann Sebastian Bach, who was court organist in Weimar at the time
1743 Richard Savage an English poet. He is best known as the subject of Samuel Johnson's Life of Savage, , on which is based one of the most elaborate of Johnson's Lives of the English Poets
1769 Jean-Baptiste Chappe d'Auteroche a French astronomer, best known for his observations of the transits of Venus in 1761 and 1769.
1787 Alphonsus Maria de' Liguori C.Ss.R. was an Italian Catholic bishop, spiritual writer, scholastic philosopher and theologian
1795 Clas Bjerkander a Swedish meteorologist, botanist, and entomologist.
1796 Sir Robert Pigot 2nd Baronet a British Army officer during the American Revolutionary War.
1798 François-Paul Brueys d'Aigalliers the French commander in the Battle of the Nile, in which the French Revolutionary Navy was defeated by Royal Navy forces under Admiral Horatio Nelson. The British victory helped to ensure their naval supremacy throughout the Napoleonic Wars. He was also a Freemason in the La Bonne Foi lodge at Montauban
1806 Charles Gascoigne a British industrialist at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. He was a partner and manager of the Carron Company ironworks in its early years, but left in 1786, before the company's success became obvious, to reorganise the production of iron and cannon in Russia. He remained in Russia for 20 years, until his death
1807 John Walker (lexicographer) an English stage actor, philologist and lexicographer. Early in life he became an actor, his theatrical engagements including one with David Garrick at Drury Lane, and a long season in Dublin, Ireland. In 1768 he left the stage. After some experiences in conducting a school at Kensington he commenced to teach elocution, and in this found his principal employment for the rest of his life. In 1775 he published his Rhyming Dictionary, which achieved a great success and has been repeatedly reprinted, and in 1791 his Critical Pronouncing Dictionary, which achieved an even greater reputation, and has run into some forty editions. He was the friend of the leading literary men of his time, including Samuel Johnson and Edmund Burke
1812 Yakov Kulnev Petrovich Kulnev was, along with Pyotr Bagration and Aleksey Yermolov, one of the most popular Russian military leaders at the time of the Napoleonic Wars. Suvorov's admirer and participant of 55 battles, he lost his life during Napoleon's invasion of Russia
1813 Carl Stenborg a Swedish opera singer, actor, composer and theatre director. He is considered the first great male opera singer in Sweden and one of the pioneers of the Royal Swedish Opera
1834 Robert Morrison (missionary) an Anglo -Scottish evangelist and the first Christian Protestant missionary in China.
1840 Karl Otfried Müller a German scholar and Philodorian, or admirer of ancient Sparta, who introduced the modern study of Greek mythology.
1846 David Heinrich Hoppe a German pharmacist, botanist and physician who was a native of Bruchhausen-Vilsen. Hoppe is remembered for contributions made to the study of alpine flora
1849 José de Urrea a Mexican general. He fought under General Antonio López de Santa Anna during the Texas Revolution. Urrea's forces were never defeated in battle during the Texas Revolution. His most notable success was that of the Goliad Campaign, in which James Fannin's 300 soldiers were surrounded and induced to capitulate under terms, but were massacred in Urrea's absence on the orders of Santa Anna
1851 William Joseph Behr German publicist and writer.
1857 Peter Frans Van Kerckhoven a Flemish writer and one of the leaders of the early Flemish movement. He was the son of a broker, and his well-off birth allowed him a decent education. After he had first been instructed in a private school, he passed through the Antwerp athenaeum together with his contemporary and friend Domien Sleeckx. Van Kerckhoven was in that period a tireless reader and spent almost his entire pocket money to buy books of the French traditional authors. During his youth, Van Kerckhoven was, just like the rest of its family, very religious. After Van Kerckhoven in 1836, graduated from the Antwerp athenaeum, he studied medicine in Italy, at the University of Bologna. In Italy, Van Kerckhoven witnessed the restless and rebellious Risorgimento. The confrontation with the liberal and anticlerical Risorgimento movement would determine his later progressive-liberal conviction. Van Kerckhoven evolved from a pious catholic to an enthusiastic and persuaded liberal. In spite of the personal change which Van Kerckhoven underwent in Italy, he remained, however, religious
1858 Princess Emma of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym a German princess. She was the Grandmother of the Dutch Queen Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, who was named after her
1858 Baron Johann von Wessenberg-Ampringen an Austrian diplomat statesman.
1866 John Ross (Cherokee chief) the Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation from 1828–1866, serving longer in this position than any other person. Described as the Moses of his people, Ross influenced the Indian nation through such tumultuous events as the relocation to Indian Territory and the American Civil War