August 1 events in history

69 Batavian rebellion: The Batavians in Germania Inferior (Netherlands) revolt under the leadership of Gaius Julius Civilis
527 Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire
607 Ono no Imoko is dispatched as envoy to the Sui court in China (Traditional Japanese date: July 3, 607)
902 Taormina, the last Byzantine stronghold in Sicily, is captured by the Aghlabids army, concluding the Muslim conquest of Sicily
1192 Richard the Lionheart landed on Jaffa and defeated the army of Saladin
1203 Isaac II Angelos, restored Eastern Roman Emperor, declares his son Alexios IV Angelos co-emperor after pressure from the forces of the Fourth Crusade
1291 The Old Swiss Confederacy is formed with the signature of the Federal Charter
1498 Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to visit what is now Venezuela
1620 The Speedwell leaves Delfshaven to bring pilgrims to America by way of England
1664 Ottoman forces are defeated in the battle of Saint Gotthard by an Austrian army led by Raimondo Montecuccoli, resulting in the Peace of Vasvár
1714 George of Hanover becomes George I of Great Britain, marking the beginning of the Georgian era of British history
1715 The Riot Act comes into force in England
1759 Seven Years' War: The Battle of Minden, an allied Anglo-German army victory over the French. In Britain this was one of a number of events that constituted the Annus Mirabilis of 1759 and is celebrated as Minden Day by certain British Army regiments
1774 British scientist Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen gas, corroborating the prior discovery of this element by German-Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele
1798 French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of the Nile (Battle of Aboukir Bay) – Battle begins when a British fleet engages the French Revolutionary Navy fleet in an unusual night action
1800 The Acts of Union 1800 is passed in which merges the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
1801 First Barbary War: The American schooner USS Enterprise captures the Tripolitan polacca Tripoli in a single-ship action off the coast of modern-day Libya
1831 A new London Bridge opens
1834 Slavery is abolished in the British Empire as the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into force
1838 Non-laborer slaves in most of the British Empire are emancipated
1842 The Lombard Street Riot erupts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
1855 The first ascent of Monte Rosa, the second highest summit in the Alps
1876 Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state
1894 The First Sino-Japanese War erupts between Japan and China over Korea
1907 The start of the first Scout camp on Brownsea Island, the origin of the worldwide Scouting movement
1914 The German Empire declares war on the Russian Empire at the opening of World War I. The Swiss Army mobilizes because of World War I
1927 The Nanchang Uprising marks the first significant battle in the Chinese Civil War between the Kuomintang and Chinese Communist Party. This day is commemorated as the anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army
1937 Josip Broz Tito reads the resolution "Manifesto of constitutional congress of KPH" to the constitutive congress of KPH (Croatian Communist Party) in woods near Samobor
1944 World War II: the Warsaw Uprising against the Nazi occupation breaks out in Warsaw, Poland
1946 Leaders of the Russian Liberation Army, a force of Russian prisoners of war that collaborated with Nazi Germany, are executed in Moscow, Soviet Union for treason
1957 The United States and Canada form the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD)
1960 Islamabad is declared the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan
1960 Dahomey (later renamed Benin) declares independence from France
1961 U.S. Defense Secretary Robert McNamara orders the creation of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the nation's first centralized military espionage organization
1964 The former Belgian Congo is renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo
1966 Purges of intellectuals and imperialists becomes official China policy at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution
1966 Charles Whitman kills 16 people at the University of Texas at Austin before being killed by the police
1968 The coronation is held of Hassanal Bolkiah, the 29th Sultan of Brunei
1974 Cyprus dispute: The United Nations Security Council authorizes the UNFICYP to create the "Green Line", dividing Cyprus into two zones
1975 CSCE Final Act creates the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe
1980 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir is elected President of Iceland and becomes the world's first democratically elected female head of state
1980 Patrick Depailler, French Grand Prix driver was killed in a crash at Hockenheim during a private test session
1980 A train crash kills 18 people in County Cork, Ireland
1981 MTV begins broadcasting in the United States and airs its first video, "Video Killed the Radio Star" by The Buggles
1984 Commercial peat-cutters discover the preserved bog body of a man, called Lindow Man, at Lindow Moss, Cheshire, northwest England
1993 The Great Mississippi and Missouri Rivers Flood of 1993 comes to a peak
2001 Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office
2004 A supermarket fire kills 396 people and injures 500 others in Asunción, Paraguay
2007 The I-35W Mississippi River bridge spanning the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minnesota, collapses during the evening rush hour
2008 Eleven mountaineers from international expeditions died on K2, the second-highest mountain on Earth in the worst single accident in the history of K2 mountaineering