Died on August 10

210 Qin Shi Huang the King of the state of Qin who conquered all other Warring States and united China in 221 Rather than maintain the title of king borne by the Shang and Zhou rulers, he ruled as the First Emperor of the Qin dynasty from 220 to 210 The title emperor would continue to be borne by Chinese rulers for the next two millennia.
304 Philomena Saint Philomena was, as believed by her devotees within the Catholic Church, a young virgin martyr whose remains were discovered in 1802 in the Catacombs of Priscilla. Three tiles enclosing the tomb bore an inscription that was taken to indicate that her name was Filumena, the English form of which is Philomena
847 Al-Wathiq an Abbasid caliph who reigned from 842 until 847 AD.
955 Conrad Duke of Lorraine a Duke of Lorraine from the Salian dynasty.
1051 Drogo of Hauteville the second Count of Apulia and Calabria in southern Italy. Initially he was only the leader of those Normans in the service of Prince Guaimar IV of Salerno, but after 1047 he was a territorial prince owing fealty directly to the Emperor
1202 Ulrich II Duke of Carinthia Duke of Carinthia from 1181 until his death. He was one of the noble Germans who took part in the Crusade of 1197
1480 René of Anjou Duke of Anjou, Count of Provence , Count of Piedmont, Duke of Bar , Duke of Lorraine , King of Naples , titular King of Jerusalem and Aragon.
1482 Amadeus of Portugal a Portuguese nobleman who became first a monk, then left that life to become a friar of the Franciscan Order. Later he became a reformer of that Order, which led to his founding of a distinct branch of the Friars Minor that was named after him, later suppressed by the Pope in order to unite them into one great family of Friars Minor Observants
1530 Konstanty Ostrogski a magnate of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later a Grand Hetman of Lithuania since September 11, 1497, until his death. As a speaker of the Ruthenian language he is considered to be one of the precursors of the Belarusian language and a national hero in Belarus
1535 Ippolito de' Medici the illegitimate only son of Giuliano di Lorenzo de' Medici.
1536 Francis III Duke of Brittany Duke of Brittany and Dauphin of Viennois as the first son and heir of King Francis I of France and Duchess Claude of Brittany.
1541 Hōjō Ujitsuna the son of Hōjō Sōun, founder of the Go-Hōjō clan. He continued his father's quest to gain control of the Kantō
1543 Ludwig Senfl a Swiss composer of the Renaissance, active in Germany. He was the most famous pupil of Heinrich Isaac, was music director to the court of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, and was an influential figure in the development of the Franco-Flemish polyphonic style in Germany
1590 Hōjō Ujimasa the fourth head of the late Hōjō clan, and daimyo of Odawara.
1649 Vittoria Farnese d'Este an Italian noblewoman. She was born in Parma, the daughter of Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma and Margherita Aldobrandini, niece of Pope Clement VIII. On 12 February 1648 she married Francesco I d'Este, widower of her sister Maria Farnese. The couple had one child, Vittoria , and Vittoria died in Modena, giving birth to her. Francesco then married a third time, to Lucrezia Barberini, in Loreto in October 1654
1653 Maarten Tromp an officer and later admiral in the Dutch navy. His first name is also spelled as Maerten
1655 Alfonso de la Cueva 1st Marquis of Bedmar a Spanish diplomat, bishop and Roman cardinal. He was born in Bedmar, in what is now the province of Jaén. Alfonso was the son of Luis de la Cueva-Benavides, 2nd señor of Bedmar, and Elvira Carrillo de Mendoza y Cárdenas
1659 Frederick III Duke of Holstein-Gottorp a Duke of Holstein-Gottorp.
1660 Esmé Stewart 2nd Duke of Richmond the son of James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond and Mary Villiers, daughter of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham.
1717 Nicolaes Witsen a Dutch statesman who was mayor of Amsterdam thirteen times, between 1682-1706. In 1693 he became administrator of the VOC. In 1689 he was extraordinary-ambassador to the English court, and became Fellow of the Royal Society. In his free time he was cartographer, maritime writer, and an authority on shipbuilding. His books on the subject are important sources on Dutch shipbuilding in the 17th century. Furthermore, he was an expert on Russian affairs. He was the first to describe Siberia, Far East and Central Asia in his study Noord en Oost Tartarye
1722 Countess Palatine Hedwig Elisabeth of Neuburg the daughter of Philip William, Duke of Neuburg, Berg and Jülich, Elector Palatine of Neuburg, and his wife Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt.
1723 Guillaume Dubois a French cardinal and statesman.
1730 Sébastien de Brossard a French music theorist, composer and collector.
1759 Ferdinand VI of Spain King of Spain from 9 July 1746 until his death. He was the fourth son of the previous monarch Philip V and his first wife Maria Luisa of Savoy. Ferdinand, the third member of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty, was born in Madrid on 23 September 1713
1784 Allan Ramsay (artist) a prominent Scottish portrait-painter.
1792 Stanislas Marie Adelaide comte de Clermont-Tonnerre a French military officer, and a politician during the French Revolution.
1793 Daniel Rolander a Swedish biologist and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus.
1797 Alexei Senyavin an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy, son of Naum Senyavin.
1802 Antonio Lolli an Italian violinist and composer.
1802 Franz Aepinus a German and Russian Empire natural philosopher. Aepinus is best known for his researches, theoretical and experimental, in electricity and magnetism
1806 Christian Kalkbrenner a German bandmaster or Kapellmeister, violinist, organ and keyboard player, and composer. Almost an exact contemporary of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, he was a prolific composer in many fields and a force in the musical world. He rose to high honours at the courts of the Prussian Kings. For unknown reasons, Kalkbrenner left his position as Kapellmeister to Prince Henry of Prussia and went first to Naples and later on to Paris. He was the father of Friedrich Wilhelm Kalkbrenner, one of the great piano virtuosos of the first half of the 19th century
1806 Michael Haydn an Austrian composer of the Classical period, the younger brother of Joseph Haydn.
1808 John Baptist Albertrandi a Polish Jesuit, bishop and historian of Italian extraction, born in Warsaw.
1837 Carlo Giuseppe Guglielmo Botta an Italian historian.
1839 Sir John St Aubyn 5th Baronet a British Member of Parliament, High Sheriff of Cornwall and Grand Master of the Freemasons.
1843 Jakob Friedrich Fries a German philosopher. He was born in Barby and died in Jena
1844 Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia the youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia.
1845 Karl Wilhelm Naundorff a German clock- and watch-maker who until his death claimed to be Prince Louis-Charles, or Louis XVII of France. Naundorff was one of the more stubborn of more than thirty men who claimed to be Louis XVII
1846 Johann Simon Hermstedt one of the most famous clarinettists of the 19th century. A German, he served as court clarinettist to Duke Günther I of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, and taught the Duke to play the clarinet. All four of Louis Spohr's clarinet concertos and several of his other clarinet works, as well as Carl Maria von Weber's Grand duo concertant, were written with Hermstedt's skills in mind and were dedicated to him. Hermstedt also composed a few works for wind instruments himself
1846 Christian Ludwig Ideler a German chronologist and astronomer.
1857 John Wilson Croker an Irish statesman and author.
1859 Sir George Staunton 2nd Baronet an English traveller and Orientalist.
1861 Nathaniel Lyon noted for his actions in the state of Missouri at the beginning of the conflict. Some credit his quick action and hard line Unionism for stopping the Missouri secession movement. Others question his influence peddling and his role in events such as the Camp Jackson Affair, which inflamed many Missourians on the secession issue
1863 Mariya Volkonskaya the youngest daughter of the Russian general Nikolay Raevsky and Sophia Konstantinova, granddaughter of Mikhail Lomonosov. In 1825 Maria married the future Decembrist Major General Prince Sergey Grigorievich Volkonsky. When Volkonsky was arrested and exiled to Siberia, she followed him into exile on the condition that her children born after her departure to Siberia would be forever struck from the noble estate and become bonded laborers ; the threat, however, was not put into practice
1865 Francis Austen a British officer who spent most of his long life on active duty in the Royal Navy, rising to the position of Admiral of the Fleet.
1865 Hugh Cuming an English collector who was interested in natural history, particularly in conchology and botany. He has been described as the "Prince of Collectors"
1866 Gottfried Osann a German chemist and physicist. He is known for his work on the chemistry of platinum metals
1868 Adah Isaacs Menken an American actress, painter and poet, the highest earning actress of her time. She was best known for her performance in the melodrama Mazeppa, with a climax that featured her apparently nude and riding a horse on stage. After great success for a few years with the play in New York and San Francisco, she appeared in a production in London and Paris, from 1864 to 1866. She was so well known internationally at the time that she was called "the Menken". After a brief trip back to the United States, she returned to Europe. She became ill within two years and died in Paris at age 33
1868 Hadzhi Dimitar one of the most prominent Bulgarian voivods and revolutionaries working for the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule.
1870 Jules Pierre Rambur a French entomologist.