August 10 events in history

955 Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Magyars, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion of the West
991 Battle of Maldon: the English, led by Byrhtnoth, Ealdorman of Essex, are defeated by a band of inland-raiding Vikings near Maldon, Essex
1270 Yekuno Amlak takes the imperial throne of Ethiopia, restoring the Solomonic dynasty to power after a 100-year Zagwe interregnum
1316 The Second Battle of Athenry takes place near Athenry during the Bruce campaign in Ireland
1512 The naval Battle of Saint-Mathieu, during the War of the League of Cambrai, sees the simultaneous destruction of the Breton ship La Cordelière and the English ship The Regent
1519 Ferdinand Magellan's five ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe. The Basque second in command Juan Sebastián Elcano will complete the expedition after Magellan's death in the Philippines
1557 Battle of St. Quentin: Spanish victory over the French in the Habsburg-Valois Wars
1628 The Swedish warship Vasa sinks in the Stockholm harbour after only about 20 minutes of her maiden voyage
1675 The foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London, England is laid
1680 The Pueblo Revolt begins in New Mexico
1755 Under the orders of Charles Lawrence, the British Army begins to forcibly deport the Acadians from Nova Scotia to the Thirteen Colonies
1776 American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London
1792 French Revolution: Storming of the Tuileries Palace – Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by the Parisian mob
1793 The Musée du Louvre is officially opened in Paris, France
1809 Quito, now the capital of Ecuador, declares independence from Spain. This rebellion will be crushed on August 2, 1810
1813 Instituto Nacional, is founded by the Chilean patriot José Miguel Carrera. It is Chile's oldest and most prestigious school. Its motto is Labor Omnia Vincit, which means "Work conquers all things"
1821 Missouri is admitted as the 24th U.S. state
1846 The Smithsonian Institution is chartered by the United States Congress after James Smithson donates $500,000
1861 American Civil War: Battle of Wilson's Creek – the war enters Missouri when a band of raw Confederate troops defeat Union forces in the southwestern part of the state
1864 After Uruguay's governing Blanco Party refuses Brazil's demands, José Antônio Saraiva announces that the Brazilian military will begin reprisals, beginning the Uruguayan War
1899 The Norwegian football club Viking FK is founded
1901 The U.S. Steel Recognition Strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers begins
1904 Russo-Japanese War: the Battle of the Yellow Sea between the Russian and Japanese battleship fleets takes place
1905 Russo-Japanese War: peace negotiations begin in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
1913 Second Balkan War: delegates from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece sign the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the war
1920 World War I: Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI's representatives sign the Treaty of Sèvres that divides up the Ottoman Empire between the Allies
1932 A 5.1 kilograms (11 lb) chondrite-type meteorite breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri
1944 World War II: American forces defeat the last Japanese troops on Guam
1944 World War II: The Battle of Narva ends with a combined German–Estonian force successfully defending Narva, Estonia, from invading Soviet troops
1948 Candid Camera makes its television debut after being on radio for a year as Candid Microphone
1949 U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act Amendment, streamlining the defense agencies of the United States government, and replacing the Department of War with the United States Department of Defense
1953 First Indochina War: The French Union withdraws its forces from Operation Camargue against the Viet Minh in central Vietnam
1954 At Massena, New York, the groundbreaking ceremony for the Saint Lawrence Seaway is held
1961 First use in Vietnam War of the Agent Orange by the U.S. Army
1969 A day after murdering Sharon Tate and four others, members of Charles Manson's cult kill Leno and Rosemary LaBianca
1971 The Society for American Baseball Research is founded in Cooperstown, New York
1977 In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz ("Son of Sam") is arrested for a series of killings in the New York City area over the period of one year
1978 Three members of the Ulrich family are killed in an accident. This leads to the Ford Pinto litigation
1981 Murder of Adam Walsh: the head of John Walsh's son is found. This inspires the creation of the television series America's Most Wanted
1988 Japanese American internment: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, providing $20,000 payments to Japanese Americans who were either interned in or relocated by the United States during World War II
1990 The Magellan space probe reaches Venus
1990 More than 127 Muslims are killed in North East Sri Lanka by paramilitary troops
1993 An earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter Scale hits the South Island of New Zealand
1995 Oklahoma City bombing: Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols are indicted for the bombing. Michael Fortier pleads guilty in a plea-bargain for his testimony
1998 HRH Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah is proclaimed the crown prince of Brunei with a Royal Proclamation
2001 2001 Angola train attack, 252 deaths
2003 Yuri Malenchenko becomes the first person to marry in space
2003 The highest temperature ever recorded in the United Kingdom – 38.5 °C (101.3 °F) in Kent, England. It is the first time the United Kingdom has recorded a temperature over 100 °F (38 °C)
2009 Twenty people are killed in Handlová, Trenčín Region, in the deadliest mining disaster in Slovakia's history
2012 The Marikana miners' strike begins near Rustenburg, South Africa