Born on August 11

449 Archbishop Flavian of Constantinople Archbishop of Constantinople from 446 to 449. He is venerated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church
1086 Henry V Holy Roman Emperor King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor , the fourth and last ruler of the Salian dynasty. Henry's reign coincided with the final phase of the great Investiture Controversy, which had pitted pope against emperor. By the settlement of the Concordat of Worms, he surrendered to the demands of the second generation of Gregorian reformers
1384 Yolande of Aragon a throne claimant and titular queen regnant of Aragon, titular queen consort of Naples, Duchess of Anjou, Countess of Provence, and regent of Provence during the minority of her son. She was a daughter of John I of Aragon and his wife Yolande of Bar. Yolande played a crucial role in the struggles between France and England, influencing events such as the financing of Joan of Arc's army in 1429 and tipping the balance in favour of the French. She was also known as Jolantha de Aragon and Violant d'Aragó. Tradition holds that she commissioned the famous Rohan Hours
1467 Mary of York the second daughter of Edward IV of England and his queen consort Elizabeth Woodville.
1510 Margaret Paleologa an Italian ruler; Marchioness of Montferrat in her own right. She also married into the Gonzaga family, rulers of Mantua, making her Duchess of Mantua by her marriage to Federico II, Duke of Mantua. Margaret was the regent of Mantua as the guardian of her two sons from 1540 until 1556 in companionship with her brother-in-law
1539 Thomas Schöning Archbishop of Riga. He was a member of a prominent Riga burgher family and son of Johann Schöning. He studied at the University of Rostock between 1499 and 1500. Schöning was notable for the dating of coins. During his reign from 1528 to 1539, mark, shilling, and pfenning coins from Riga bore the family shield of Thomas Schöning
1648 Jeremiah Shepard an American Puritan minister and the youngest son of Thomas Shepard, a major figure in the founding generation of Puritan New England. He was an early graduate of Harvard University, in the class of 1669
1667 Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici the last scion of the House of Medici. A patron of the arts, she bequeathed the Medici's large art collection, including the contents of the Uffizi, Palazzo Pitti and the Medicean villas, which she inherited upon her brother Gian Gastone's death in 1737, and her Palatine treasures to the Tuscan state, on the condition that no part of it could be removed from "the Capital of the grand ducal State.... the succession of His Serene Grand Duke."
1673 Richard Mead an English physician. His work, A Short Discourse concerning Pestilential Contagion, and the Method to be used to prevent it , was of historic importance in the understanding of transmissible diseases
1681 Scroop Egerton 1st Duke of Bridgewater a British peer and courtier. Originally the 4th Earl of Bridgewater he was created Duke of Bridgewater in 1720 with the subsidiary title Marquess of Brackley
1696 Jacques Daviel a French ophthalmologist credited with originating the first significant advance in cataract surgery since couching was invented in ancient India. Daviel performed the first extracapsular cataract extraction on April 8, 1747
1704 Karl August von Bergen a German anatomist and botanist.
1706 Princess Marie Auguste of Thurn and Taxis a Regent of Württemberg. She was a member of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis as a daughter of Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis and his wife Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska, Princess of Lobkowicz. Through her marriage to Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg, she became Duchess consort of Württemberg
1718 Frederick Haldimand a military officer best known for his service in the British Army in North America during the Seven Years' War and the American Revolutionary War. From 1778 to 1786 he served as Governor of the Province of Quebec, during which time he oversaw military operations against the northern frontiers in the war, and engaged in ultimately fruitless negotiations to establish the independent Vermont Republic as a new British province. His administration of Quebec was at times harsh, with the detention of numerous political dissidents and agitators
1720 Martin Gerbert born at Horb am Neckar, Württemberg, on the 12th of August 1720.
1722 Richard Brocklesby born at Minehead, Somerset.
1729 Ponce Denis Écouchard Lebrun a French lyric poet.
1730 Charles Bossut a French mathematician and confrère of the Encyclopaedists. He was born at Tartaras, Loire, and died in Paris
1730 Princess Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal Duchess and regent from 1763 to 1782 of Saxe-Meiningen.
1744 Tomás António Gonzaga a Portuguese-born Brazilian poet. One of the most famous Neoclassic colonial Brazilian writers, he was also the ouvidor and the ombudsman of the city of Ouro Preto , as well as the desembargador of the appeal court in Bahia. He wrote under the pen name Dirceu
1748 Joseph Schuster (composer) a German composer.
1752 Alexander Tormasov a Russian cavalry general prominent during the Napoleonic Wars.
1753 Thomas Bewick an English engraver and natural history author. Early in his career he took on all kinds of work such as engraving cutlery, making the wood blocks for advertisements, and illustrating children's books. Gradually he turned to illustrating, writing and publishing his own books, gaining an adult audience for the fine illustrations in A History of Quadrupeds
1763 Princess Louise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg a German noblewoman. She was duchess and Regent of Saxe-Meiningen
1772 Eduard Joseph d'Alton a German engraver and naturalist who was a native of Aquileia. He was the father of anatomist Johann Samuel Eduard d'Alton
1772 Rowland Hill 1st Viscount Hill General Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill, GCB GCH served in the Napoleonic Wars as a trusted brigade, division and corps commander under the command of the Duke of Wellington. He became Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in 1828
1772 Peter Kirillovich Essen a Russian General of the Infantry in 1819 and a count of Baltic German origin. He belongs to the 'Essen' – bourgeois family from Pärnu. Essen's only daughter, Alexandrine Essen , married count Pontus Stenbock-Fermor in 1835, at which point they began using the joint name Essen-Stenbock-Fermor
1777 Giuseppe Bossi an Italian painter, arts administrator and writer on art. He ranks among the foremost figures of Neoclassical culture in Lombardy, along with Ugo Foscolo, Giuseppe Parini, Andrea Appiani or Manzoni
1778 Friedrich Ludwig Jahn a German gymnastics educator and nationalist. His admirers know him as Turnvater Jahn, roughly meaning "father of gymnastics" Jahn
1794 James B. Longacre an American portraitist and engraver, and from 1844 until his death the fourth Chief Engraver of the United States Mint. Longacre is best known for designing the Indian Head cent, which entered commerce in 1859, and for the designs of the Shield nickel, Flying Eagle cent and other coins of the mid-19th century
1799 Joachim Barrande a French geologist and palaeontologist.
1801 Eduard Devrient a German baritone, librettist, playwright, actor, theatre director, and theatre reformer and historian.
1801 Heinrich von Zastrow a Prussian general who served in the Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-German War.
1806 Willem Hendrik de Vriese a Dutch botanist and physician born in Oosterhout, North Brabant.
1807 David Rice Atchison a mid-19th century Democratic United States Senator from Missouri. He served as President pro tempore of the United States Senate for six years. He is best known for the claim that for one day he may have been Acting President of the United States
1808 William W. Chapman an American politician and lawyer in Oregon and Iowa. He was born and raised in Virginia. He served as a United States Attorney in Iowa when it was part of the Michigan and Wisconsin territories, and then represented the Iowa Territory in the United States House of Representatives. He later immigrated to the Oregon Country, where he served in the Oregon Territorial Legislature
1810 Carl Mayet a German chess master.
1811 Judah P. Benjamin a lawyer and politician who was a United States Senator from Louisiana, a Cabinet officer of the Confederate States and, after his escape to the United Kingdom at the end of the American Civil War, an English barrister. Benjamin was the first man professing the Jewish faith to be elected to the United States Senate, and the first Jew to hold a cabinet position in North America
1811 Jeptha Wade an American industrialist, philanthropist, and one of the founding members of Western Union Telegraph. Wade was born in Romulus, New York, the youngest of nine children of Jeptha and Sarah Wade. He made the first Daguerreotypes west of New York, was a portrait painter, and moved to Adrian, Michigan in 1840 before developing an interest in the telegraph
1814 Ivan Mažuranić a Croatian poet, linguist and politician—probably the most important figure in Croatia's cultural life in the mid-19th century. Mažuranić served as Ban of Croatia-Slavonia between 1873 and 1880
1815 Gottfried Kinkel a German poet also noted for his revolutionary activities and his escape from a Prussian prison in Spandau with the help of his friend Carl Schurz.
1819 Martin Johnson Heade a prolific American painter known for his salt marsh landscapes, seascapes, and depictions of tropical birds , as well as lotus blossoms and other still lifes. His painting style and subject matter, while derived from the romanticism of the time, are regarded by art historians as a significant departure from those of his peers
1821 Octave Feuillet a French novelist and dramatist.
1823 Charlotte Mary Yonge an English novelist known for her huge output, now mostly out of print.
1824 Martin Gropius a German architect.
1826 Andrew Jackson Davis an American Spiritualist, born in Blooming Grove, New York.
1833 Kido Takayoshi a Japanese statesman during the Late Tokugawa shogunate and the Meiji Restoration. He used the alias Niibori Matsusuke when he worked against the Shogun
1833 Robert G. Ingersoll a lawyer, a Civil War veteran, political leader, and orator of United States during the Golden Age of Freethought, noted for his broad range of culture and his defense of agnosticism. He was nicknamed "The Great Agnostic"
1836 Cato Maximilian Guldberg a Norwegian mathematician and chemist.
1836 Warren Brown (politician) a politician, historian, gentleman farmer, businessman, and author from Hampton Falls, New Hampshire.