August 11 events in history

106 The south-western part of Dacia (modern Romania) becomes a Roman province: Roman Dacia
355 Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II
490 Battle of Adda: The Goths under Theodoric the Great and his ally Alaric II defeat the forces of Odoacer on the Adda River, near Milan
1332 Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Dupplin Moor: Scots under Domhnall II, Earl of Mar are routed by Edward Balliol
1473 The Battle of Otlukbeli: Mehmed the Conqueror of the Ottoman Empire decisively defeats Uzun Hassan of Aq Qoyunlu
1675 Franco-Dutch War: Forces of the Holy Roman Empire defeat the French in the Battle of Konzer Brücke
1786 Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
1804 Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria
1812 Peninsular War: French troops engage British-Portuguese forces in the Battle of Majadahonda
1813 In Colombia, Juan del Corral declares the independence of Antioquia
1858 The Eiger in the Bernese Alps is ascended for the first time by Charles Barrington accompanied by Christian Almer and Peter Bohren
1898 Spanish–American War: American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
1918 World War I: The Battle of Amiens ends
1919 The constitution of the Weimar Republic is adopted
1920 The Latvian–Soviet Peace Treaty, which relinquished Russia's authority and pretenses to Latvia, is signed, ending the Latvian War of Independence
1929 Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio
1934 The first civilian prisoners arrive at the Federal prison on Alcatraz Island
1942 Actress Hedy Lamarr and composer George Antheil receive a patent for a Frequency-hopping spread spectrum communication system that later became the basis for modern technologies in wireless telephones and Wi-Fi
1945 Poles in Kraków engage in a pogrom against Jews in the city, killing one and wounding five
1947 Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founding father of Pakistan, gives a speech to the Constituent Assembly, the contents and meaning of which remain contentious today
1952 Hussein bin Talal is proclaimed King of Jordan
1959 Sheremetyevo International Airport, the second-largest airport in Russia, opens
1960 Chad declares independence
1961 The former Portuguese territories in India of Dadra and Nagar Haveli are merged to create the Union Territory Dadra and Nagar Haveli
1962 Vostok 3 launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome and cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev becomes the first person to float in microgravity
1965 Race riots (the Watts Riots) begin in the Watts area of Los Angeles, California
1968 The last steam hauled train runs on British Rail
1972 Vietnam War: The last United States ground combat unit leaves South Vietnam
1975 East Timor: Governor Mário Lemos Pires of Portuguese Timor abandons the capital Dili, following a coup by the Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) and the outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin
1979 Two Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-134s collide over the Ukrainian city of Dniprodzerzhynsk and crash, killing all 178 aboard both airliners
1982 A bomb explodes on Pan Am Flight 830, en route from Tokyo, Japan to Honolulu, Hawaii, killing one teenager and injuring 15 passengers
1984 "We begin bombing in five minutes" – United States President Ronald Reagan, while running for re-election, jokes while preparing to make his weekly Saturday address on National Public Radio
1999 The Salt Lake City Tornado tears through the downtown district of the city, killing one
2003 NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history
2003 Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand
2006 The oil tanker M/T Solar 1 sinks off the coast of Guimaras and Negros Islands in the Philippines, causing the country's worst oil spill
2012 At least 306 people are killed and 3,000 others injured in a pair of earthquakes near Tabriz, Iran