Born on August 13

1297 Nawrūz (Mongol emir) a son of governor Arghun Agha, and was a powerful Mongol Oirat emir of the 13th century who played an important role in the politics of the Mongol Ilkhanate. He was a convert to Islam; the history of Bar Sawma's voyages and Mar Yaballaha III's Patriarchal tenure portrays him as a ferocious enemy of Nestorian Christians
1311 Alfonso XI of Castile the king of Castile, León and Galicia.
1574 Samuel de Champlain a French navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler. He founded New France and Quebec City on July 3, 1608. He is important to Canadian history because he made the first accurate map of the coast and he helped establish the settlements
1584 Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl of Suffolk an English nobleman and politician.
1614 Augustus Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels a Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels-Querfurt of the House of Wettin and administrator of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg.
1617 Johannes Andreas Quenstedt a German Lutheran dogmatician in the Lutheran scholastic tradition.
1621 Israel Silvestre a prolific French draftsman, etcher and print dealer who specialized in topographical views and perspectives of famous buildings. Orphaned at an early age, he was taken in by his uncle in Paris, Israel Henriet, an etcher and print-seller, and friend of Jacques Callot. Between 1630 and 1650 Silvestre travelled widely in France, Spain and Italy, which he visited three times, and later worked up his sketches as etchings, which were sold singly and in series. His work, especially of Venetian subjects published in the 1660s, influenced eighteenth-century painters of vedute such as Luca Carlevaris and Canaletto, who adapted his compositions
1623 Sir John Morden 1st Baronet a successful English merchant and philanthropist who also served briefly as an He established Morden College in Blackheath, south-east London as a home for retired merchants; as a charity, it continues to provide residential care over 300 years later.
1625 Rasmus Bartholin a Danish scientist and physician. As part of his studies, he travelled in Europe for ten years. Professor at the University of Copenhagen, first in Geometry, later in Medicine. He was a younger brother of Thomas Bartholin
1651 Balthasar Permoser among the leading sculptors of his generation, whose evolving working styles spanned the late Baroque and early Rococo.
1662 Charles Seymour 6th Duke of Somerset a British peer. The son of Charles Seymour, 2nd Baron Seymour of Trowbridge, and Elizabeth Alington , he succeeded his brother Francis Seymour, 5th Duke of Somerset, in the dukedom when the latter was shot in 1678. He also inherited the title of Baron Seymour of Trowbridge
1666 William Wotton an English theologian,classical scholar and linguist. He is chiefly remembered for his remarkable abilities in learning languages and for his involvement in the Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns. In Wales he is remembered as the collector and first translator of the ancient Welsh laws
1670 Zheng Keshuang the third ruler of the Kingdom of Tungning in Taiwan in the 17th century. He was the second son of Zheng Jing and a grandson of Koxinga
1700 Heinrich von Brühl a Polish-Saxon statesman at the court of Saxony and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and a member of the powerful German von Brühl family. The incumbency of the ambitious politician went along with the decline of both states. Brühl was a skillful diplomat and cunning strategist, who managed to attain control over of Saxony and Poland, partly by controlling its king, August III the Saxon, who ultimately only could be accessed through Brühl himself
1704 Alexis Fontaine des Bertins a French mathematician. He was a patron and teacher of Jean-Jacques de Marguerie
1717 Louis François Prince of Conti a French nobleman, who was the Prince of Conti from 1727 to his death, following his father Louis Armand His mother was Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon, a natural granddaughter of Louis XIV. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a Prince du Sang
1739 Elizaveta Vorontsova a mistress of Emperor Peter III of Russia. During their affair, Peter was rumored to have intentions of divorcing his wife Catherine to marry Vorontsova
1743 Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (1743–1808) For the earlier archduchess of the same name, see Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria.
1752 Maria Carolina of Austria Queen of Naples and Sicily as the wife of King Ferdinand IV & III. As de facto ruler of her husband's kingdoms, Maria Carolina oversaw the promulgation of many reforms, including the revocation of the ban on Freemasonry, the enlargement of the navy under her favourite, John Acton, 6th Baronet, and the expulsion of Spanish influence. She was a proponent of enlightened absolutism until the advent of the French Revolution, when, in order to prevent its ideas gaining currency, she made Naples a police state
1755 Hipólito Unanue a physician, naturalist, meteorologist, university professor, independence precursor and a Peruvian politician, active in politics in the early years after independence.
1762 Hipólito Vieytes an Argentine merchant and soldier. He was the son of Juan Vieytes and Petrona Mora Fernández de Agüero. His family's house was at 133 Calle Real in front of the central square
1763 Christoph Johann von Medem nobleman from Courland and courtier in the courts of Prussian kings Frederick the Great, Frederick William II and Emperor of Russia Paul His sisters were poet Elisa von der Recke and last Duchess of Courland, Dorothea von Medem.
1764 Louis Baraguey d'Hilliers a French Army general who fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He was the father of Achille Baraguey d'Hilliers, a Marshal of France, and the father-in-law of General Damrémont, governor-general of Algeria
1773 Yuri Lisyansky an officer in the Imperial Russian Navy and explorer of Ukrainian origin.
1783 John Crawfurd a Scottish physician, colonial administrator and diplomat, and author. He is now best known for his work on Asian languages, his History of the Indian Archipelago, and his role in founding Singapore
1788 Prince Jibrael of Georgia a Georgian royal prince of the Bagrationi dynasty. He was a son of King George XII of Georgia by his second wife Mariam Tsitsishvili. After the Russian annexation of Georgia, he lived in Saint Petersburg, where he was known as Tsarevich Gavriil Georgiyevich
1790 William Wentworth an Australian poet, explorer, journalist and politician, and one of the leading figures of early colonial New South Wales. He was the first native-born Australian to achieve a reputation overseas, and a leading advocate for self-government for the Australian colonies
1792 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen the queen consort of the United Kingdom and of Hanover as spouse of William IV of the United Kingdom. Adelaide, the capital city of South Australia, is named after her
1799 Cesare Alfieri di Sostegno an Italian politician and diplomat. He was prime minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia from 27 July 1848 to 15 August 1848
1800 Ippolito Rosellini an Italian Egyptologist.
1803 Vladimir Odoyevsky a prominent Russian philosopher, writer, music critic, philanthropist and pedagogue. He became known as the "Russian Hoffmann" on account of his keen interest in phantasmagoric tales and musical criticism
1808 Robert Wilhelm Ekman aka W. Ekman, was a significant teacher and painter of the Finnish romantic portraits and early national romanticism
1809 Julius Rupp a Prussian Protestant theologian. He founded the first Free Protestant Congregation in Königsberg, which rejected all state or church control and believed in absolute freedom of conscience for its members
1811 Gonçalves de Magalhães Viscount of Araguaia a Brazilian poet, playwright, medician and diplomat. He introduced the Romanticism in the Brazilian literature and was a pioneer of the Brazilian theatre
1812 Carl Rahl an Austrian painter.
1814 Anders Jonas Ångström a Swedish physicist and one of the founders of the science of spectroscopy.
1815 Eduard August von Regel a German horticulturalist and botanist. He ended his career serving as the Director of the Russian Imperial Botanical Garden of Petersburg. As a result of naturalists and explorers sending back biological collections, Regel was able to describe and name many previously unknown species from frontiers around the world
1816 Rudolf von Gneist born at Berlin, the son of a judge attached to the Kammergericht in that city. Von Gneist made significant influence on his student Max Weber and also contributed to Japan's first constitution through his communication with Ito Hirobumi
1816 Johann Jakob Guggenbühl a Swiss physician. He's considered as one of the precursors of medico-educational care
1818 Lucy Stone a prominent American orator, abolitionist, and suffragist, and a vocal advocate and organizer promoting rights for women. In 1847, Stone became the first woman from Massachusetts to earn a college degree. She spoke out for women's rights and against slavery at a time when women were discouraged and prevented from public speaking. Stone was known for using her maiden name after marriage, as the custom was for women to take their husband's surname
1819 Aurelio Saffi an Italian politician, active during the period of Italian unification. He was an important figure in the radical republican current within the Risorgimento movement and close to its leader and chief inspiration, Giuseppe Mazzini
1819 Sir George Stokes 1st Baronet a mathematician, physicist, politician and theologian. Born in Ireland, Stokes spent all of his career at University of Cambridge, where he served as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics from 1849 until his death in 1903. Stokes made seminal contributions to fluid dynamics , optics, and mathematical physics. He was secretary, then president, of the Royal Society
1820 George Grove an English writer on music, known as the founding editor of Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians.
1822 Henry Tibbats Stainton an English entomologist.
1822 Heinrich Louis d'Arrest a German astronomer, born in Berlin. His name is sometimes given as Heinrich Ludwig d'Arrest
1823 Benedikt Roezl Austrian traveller, gardener and botanist. Probably the most famous collector of orchids of his time
1823 Goldwin Smith a British historian and journalist, active in the United Kingdom and Canada.
1826 William Thomas Best an English organist.
1827 Prince Francis Count of Trapani a member of the House of the Two Sicilies.
1829 Ivan Sechenov a Russian physiologist, named by Ivan Pavlov as "The Father of Russian physiology". Sechenov authored the classic Reflexes of the Brain introducing electrophysiology and neurophysiology into laboratories and teaching of medicine