Died on August 13

587 Radegund a 6th-century Thuringian princess and Frankish queen, who founded the Abbey of the Holy Cross at Poitiers. She is the patron saint of several churches in France and England and of Jesus College, Cambridge whose full name "The College of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist and the glorious Virgin Saint Radegund, near Cambridge"
604 Emperor Wen of Sui the founder and first emperor of China's Sui Dynasty. He was a hard-working administrator and a micromanager. As a Buddhist, he encouraged the spread of Buddhism through the state. He is regarded as one of the most important emperors in Chinese history, reunifying China in 589 after centuries of division since the fall of Western Jin Dynasty in 316. During his reign began the construction of the Grand Canal
612 Fabia Eudokia a Byzantine woman who became the first empress-consort of Heraclius from 610 to her death in 612. She was a daughter of Rogas, a landowner in the Exarchate of Africa, according to Theophanes the Confessor
662 Maximus the Confessor a Christian monk, theologian, and scholar.
900 Zwentibold the illegitimate son of the Carolingian Emperor Arnulf of Carinthia. In 895, his father, then king of East Francia, granted him the Kingdom of Lotharingia, which he ruled until his death. After his death he was declared a saint and martyr by the Catholic Church
908 Al-Muktafi the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 902 to 908. He was the son of the previous Caliph, al-Mu'tadid, by a Turkish slave-girl. In command of ar-Raqqah at the time of his father's death, he at once returned to the Capital, where he became a favorite of the people for his generosity, and for abolishing his father's secret prisons, the terror of Baghdad. During his reign of nearly seven years, the Empire was threatened by various dangers which he bravely met and overcame. Chief was that from the Carmathians, a race of fanatics which had sprung up during the late reign
1134 Irene of Hungary a Byzantine empress.
1173 Nerses IV the Gracious Catholicos of Armenia from 1166 to 1173. A more precise translation of his epithet Shnorhali is "filled with Grace". He received the appellation Shnorhali from his contemporaries because of the very irenic quality of his writing
1311 Pietro Gradenigo the 49th Doge of Venice, reigning from 1289 to his death.
1380 Vettor Pisani a Venetian admiral.
1382 Eleanor of Aragon Queen of Castile a daughter of King Peter IV of Aragon and his wife Eleanor of Sicily. She was a member of the House of Aragon and Queen of Castile by her marriage
1447 Filippo Maria Visconti ruler of Milan from 1412 to 1447.
1449 Louis IV Elector Palatine an Elector Palatine of the Rhine from the House of Wittelsbach in 1436 - 1449.
1523 Gerard David an Early Netherlandish painter and manuscript illuminator known for his brilliant use of color. Only a bare outline of his life survives, although some facts are known. He may have been the "Meester gheraet van brugghe" who became a master of the Antwerp guild in 1515. He was very successful in his lifetime and probably ran two workshops, in Antwerp and Bruges. His reputation diminished in the 17th century until he was rediscovered in the 19th century
1608 Giambologna a Flemish sculptor, known for his marble and bronze statuary in a late Renaissance or Mannerist style.
1617 Johann Jakob Grynaeus a Swiss Protestant divine.
1667 Margaret Elisabeth of Leiningen-Westerburg a Countess of Leiningen and regent of the Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg.
1667 Jeremy Taylor a cleric in the Church of England who achieved fame as an author during the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell. He is sometimes known as the "Shakespeare of Divines" for his poetic style of expression and was often presented as a model of prose writing. He is remembered in the Church of England's calendar of saints with a Lesser Festival on 13 August
1674 Lucidor a Swedish baroque poet. He is remembered for his burlesque poetry that is seen as foreshadowing that of Johan Runius and, especially, Carl Michael Bellman, and for his dramatic death in a tumultuous brawl at the Fimmelstången tavern in Gamla stan in Stockholm. Lasse Johansson wrote under several different pseudonyms, but of these "Lucidor" is the one under which he is commonly known today
1686 Louis Maimbourg a French Jesuit and historian.
1721 Jacques Lelong born at Paris.
1744 John Cruger an immigrant to colonial New York with an uncertain place of birth, but his family was originally Danish. In New York from at least 1696, he became a prosperous merchant and established a successful family as well. He served as an alderman for twenty-two years and as 38th Mayor of New York City from 1739 until his death in 1744
1745 Ernst Frederick II Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen a duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen.
1749 Johann Elias Schlegel a German critic and dramatic poet.
1762 Jean Rousset de Missy a French Huguenot writer, from early in life in the Netherlands. He was a renowned historian and author on international law and a prolific journalist. Born in Laon from Protestant parents , he studied at the Collège du Plessis in Paris. After a conflict with his stepmother he joined the Dutch States Army during the War of the Spanish Succession and was present at the Battle of Malplaquet. In 1724 , he started his activities as a professional journalist
1775 Michał Fryderyk Czartoryski a Polish nobleman, Duke of Klewań and Żuków, magnate, Knight of the Order of the White Eagle since 1726. Co-founder and leader of the "Familia"
1782 Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau a French physician, naval engineer and botanist.
1787 Marc Antoine René de Voyer a French ambassador to Switzerland, Poland, Venice and to the Holy See; and later Minister of War. He was also a noted bibliophile and collector of art
1795 Ahilyabai Holkar Template:Use Hindi.
1802 Peter Vitus von Quosdanovich a general of the Austrian Empire. Feldmarschall-Lieutenant and Commander of the Order of Maria Theresa. He played a major role in several battles against the French Army of Italy led by Napoleon during the French Revolutionary Wars
1808 Étienne Pierre Ventenat a French botanist born in Limoges. He was the brother of naturalist Louis Ventenat
1810 Jacques-François Menou a French statesman of the French Revolution and general of the French Revolutionary Wars.
1818 Agostino Accorimboni an Italian composer known mostly for his operas. He composed thirteen operas of which ten premiered in Rome between 1770 and 1785
1822 Jean-Robert Argand an amateur mathematician. In 1806, while managing a bookstore in Paris, he published the idea of geometrical interpretation of complex numbers known as the Argand diagram and is known for the first rigorous proof of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra
1826 René Laennec a French physician. He invented the stethoscope in 1816, while working at the Hôpital Necker and pioneered its use in diagnosing various chest conditions
1831 Löb Nevakhovich Jewish Russian writer and one of the first maskilim in Russia. Nevakhovich was friend and protégé of Abram Peretz. He went to Petersburg toward the end of Catherine II's reign, and engaged in commercial pursuits, then turned to literature. He was among the first Russian Jews to gain a mastery of the Russian language, starting with translations from German, Hebrew and Swedish. Nevakhovich was a linguist, a student of philosophy, and an ardent admirer of Moses Mendelssohn. Nevakhovich held patriotic views regarding both his Jewish heritage and the Russian Empire, expressing his gratitude for opportunities of growth. He also was optimistic in regard to the future of the Jews and assumed that they would be granted greater liberty. In 1806 Nevakhovich was baptized into the Lutheran Church. In 1817 he moved to Warsaw where he started working for the Ministry of Finance. In 1831 he returned to Petersburg in order to mount one of his plays on the stage, but he died before he could accomplish his purpose. Nevakhovich is interred in Volkovo Cemetery in Petersburg
1841 Bernhard Romberg a German cellist and composer.
1850 Martin Archer Shee a British portrait painter and president of the Royal Academy.
1860 Danilo I Prince of Montenegro the Metropolitan or Prince-Bishop of Montenegro and later prince of Montenegro from 1851 to 1860. During his reign, Montenegro became a secular state, a lay principality instead of a bishopric-principality. He became involved in a war with the Ottoman Empire in 1852, the Porte claiming jurisdiction in Montenegro, and the boundaries between the two countries were not defined until 1858. Danilo, with the help of his elder brother, Voivode Mirko, defeated the Ottomans at Ostrog in 1853 and in the Battle of Grahovac in 1858. On January 12, 1855 at Njegoš he married Darinka Kvekić, who was born in a wealthy Serbian merchant family in Trieste on December 31, 1837 and died on February 14, 1892, daughter of Marko Kvekić and wife Jelisaveta Mirković. They had one daughter, Olga , who never married and died young
1863 Eugène Delacroix a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school. Delacroix's use of expressive brushstrokes and his study of the optical effects of colour profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists, while his passion for the exotic inspired the artists of the Symbolist movement. A fine lithographer, Delacroix illustrated various works of William Shakespeare, the Scottish writer Walter Scott and the German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
1864 Mikhail Peskov a Russian history and genre painter and lithographer.
1865 Ignaz Semmelweis a Hungarian physician of German extraction now known as an early pioneer of antiseptic procedures. Described as the "savior of mothers", Semmelweis discovered that the incidence of puerperal fever could be drastically cut by the use of hand disinfection in obstetrical clinics. Puerperal fever was common in mid-19th-century hospitals and often fatal, with mortality at 10%–35%. Semmelweis proposed the practice of washing with chlorinated lime solutions in 1847 while working in Vienna General Hospital's First Obstetrical Clinic, where doctors' wards had three times the mortality of midwives' wards. He published a book of his findings in Etiology, Concept and Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever
1865 Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain the youngest son of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma. He was a brother of Ferdinand VII, as well as uncle and father-in-law of Isabella II
1869 Adolphe Niel a French Army general and statesman, also Marshal of France.
1870 John Gould Veitch a horticulturist and traveller, one of the first Victorian plant hunters to visit Japan. A great-grandson of John Veitch, the founder of the Veitch horticulture dynasty, he also visited the Philippines, Australia, Fiji, and other Polynesian islands
1875 Oscar Peschel a German geographer and anthropologist.
1881 Edward John Trelawny best known for his friendship with the Romantic poets Percy Bysshe Shelley and Lord Byron. Trelawny was born in England to a family of modest income but extensive ancestral history. Though his father became wealthy while he was a child, Edward had an antagonistic relationship with him. After an unhappy childhood, he was sent away to a school. He was assigned as a volunteer in the Royal Navy shortly before he turned thirteen
1881 Francesco Selmi an Italian chemist and patriot, one of the founders of colloid chemistry.
1882 William Stanley Jevons an English economist and logician.
1887 John Hamilton Gray (Prince Edward Island politician) Premier of Prince Edward Island from 1863 – 1865 and one of the Fathers of Confederation.