August 13 events in history

523 John I becomes the new Pope after the death of Pope Hormisdas
554 Emperor Justinian I rewards Liberius for his long and distinguished service in the Pragmatic Sanction, granting him extensive estates in Italy
582 Maurice becomes Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire
900 Count Reginar I of Hainault rises against Zwentibold of Lotharingia and slays him near present-day Susteren
1099 Pope Paschal II succeeds Pope Urban II as the 160th pope
1516 The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis I of France recognizes Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, recognizes Francis's claim to Milan
1521 After an extended siege, forces led by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés capture Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc and conquer the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan
1532 Union of Brittany and France: The Duchy of Brittany is absorbed into the Kingdom of France
1536 Buddhist monks from Kyoto, Japan's Enryaku-ji temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout in what will be known as the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536)
1553 Michael Servetus is arrested by John Calvin in Geneva, Switzerland as a heretic
1624 The French king Louis XIII appoints Cardinal Richelieu as prime minister
1704 War of the Spanish Succession: Battle of Blenheim – English and Imperial forces are victorious over French and Bavarian troops
1779 American Revolutionary War: The Royal Navy defeats the Penobscot Expedition with the most significant loss of United States naval forces prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor
1792 King Louis XVI of France is formally arrested by the National Tribunal, and declared an enemy of the people
1806 Battle of Mišar during the Serbian Revolution begins. The battle will end two days later, with a decisive Serbian victory over the Ottomans
1814 The Convention of London, a treaty between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces, is signed in London, England
1831 Nat Turner sees a solar eclipse, which he believes is a sign from God. Eight days later he and 70 other slaves kill approximately 55 whites in Southampton County, Virginia
1868 A massive earthquake near Arica, Peru, causes an estimated 25,000 casualties, and the subsequent tsunami causes considerable damage as far away as Hawaii and New Zealand
1898 Spanish–American War: Spanish and American forces engaged in a mock battle for Manila, after which the Spanish commander surrendered in order to keep the city out of Filipino rebel hands
1898 Carl Gustav Witt discovers 433 Eros, the first near-Earth asteroid to be found
1906 The all black infantrymen of the U.S. Army's 25th Infantry Regiment are accused of killing a white bartender and wounding a white police officer in Brownsville, Texas, despite exculpatory evidence; all are later dishonorably discharged
1913 First production in the UK of stainless steel by Harry Brearley
1913 Otto Witte, an acrobat, is purportedly crowned King of Albania
1918 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany
1918 Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps for the first time. Opha Mae Johnson is the first woman to enlist
1920 Polish–Soviet War: the Battle of Warsaw begins and will last till August 25. The Red Army is defeated
1937 The Battle of Shanghai begins
1942 Major General Eugene Reybold of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers authorizes the construction of facilities that would house the "Development of Substitute Materials" project, better known as the Manhattan Project
1942 Walt Disney's fifth full-length animated film, Bambi, was released to theaters
1954 Radio Pakistan broadcasts the "Qaumī Tarāna", the national anthem of Pakistan for the first time
1960 The Central African Republic declares independence from France
1961 East Germany closes the border between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin to thwart its inhabitants' attempts to escape to the West
1964 Peter Allen and Gwynne Evans are hanged for the Murder of John Alan West becoming the last people executed in the United Kingdom
1968 Alexandros Panagoulis attempts to assassinate the Greek dictator Colonel Georgios Papadopoulos in Varkiza, Athens
1969 The Apollo 11 astronauts are released from a three-week quarantine to enjoy a ticker tape parade in New York, New York. That evening, at a state dinner in Los Angeles, California, they are awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by U.S. President Richard Nixon
1977 Members of the British National Front (NF) clash with anti-NF demonstrators in Lewisham, London, resulting in 214 arrests and at least 111 injuries
1978 One hundred fifty Palestinians in Beirut are killed in a terrorist attack during the second phase of the Lebanese Civil War
1979 The roof of the uncompleted Rosemont Horizon in Rosemont, Illinois, collapses, killing five workers and injuring 16
2004 One hundred fifty-six Congolese Tutsi refugees are massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi
2004 Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida, and devastates the surrounding area
2008 South Ossetian War: Russian units occupy the Georgian city of Gori
2010 The MV Sun Sea docks in CFB Esquimalt, British Columbia, Canada, carrying 492 Sri Lankan Tamils