Died on August 14

582 Tiberius II Constantine Byzantine Emperor from 574 to 582.
1040 Duncan I of Scotland king of Scotland from 1034 to 1040. He is the historical basis of the "King Duncan" in Shakespeare's play Macbeth
1059 Giselbert of Luxembourg count of Salm and of Longwy, then count of Luxembourg from 1047 to 1059. He was the son of Frederick of Luxembourg, count of Moselgau, and perhaps of Ermentrude of Gleiberg
1167 Rainald of Dassel archbishop of Cologne from 1159 to 1167 and archchancellor of Italy. He was preceded as archbishop by Friedrich II of Berg and succeeded by Philip I von Heinsberg
1196 Henry IV Count of Luxembourg count of Luxembourg from 1136 until his death and count of Namur from 1139 until his abdication in 1189. He was the son of Godfrey I, Count of Namur and Ermesinde, a daughter of Conrad I of Luxembourg
1204 Minamoto no Yoriie the second shogun of Japan's Kamakura shogunate, and the first son of first shogun Yoritomo.
1240 Ludmilla of Bohemia a daughter of Frederick, Duke of Bohemia, and his wife, Elizabeth of Hungary. Ludmilla was a member of the Přemyslid dynasty. She was Duchess consort of Bavaria by her marriage to Louis I, Duke of Bavaria
1297 Frederick III Burgrave of Nuremberg the eldest son of Conrad I of Nuremberg and Adelheid of Frontenhausen.
1315 Margaret of Burgundy Queen of France Queen of France and Navarre as the first wife King Louis X and I.
1319 Waldemar Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal, the last from the Ascanian House.
1368 Barnim III Duke of Pomerania a Pomeranian duke from the Griffin dynasty.
1388 James Douglas 2nd Earl of Douglas an influential and powerful magnate in the Kingdom of Scotland.
1390 John FitzAlan 2nd Baron Arundel the son of John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel and Eleanor Maltravers.
1433 John I of Portugal King of Portugal and the Algarve in 1385–1433. He was called the Good or of Happy Memory, more rarely and outside Portugal, in Spain, the Bastard, and was the first to use the title Lord of Ceuta. He preserved the kingdom’s independence from Castile
1464 Pope Pius II Pope from 19 August 1458 to his death in 1464. He was born at Corsignano in the Sienese territory of a noble but decayed family. His longest and most enduring work is the story of his life, the Commentaries, which is the only autobiography ever written by a reigning Pope. He is also known for his erotic writings done before he was ordained a priest
1480 Martyrs of Otranto Antonio Primaldo and his companion martyrs, also known as the Martyrs of Otranto, were 813 inhabitants of the Salentine city of Otranto in southern Italy who were killed on August 14, 1480. The mass execution is often explained as taking place after the Otrantins refused to convert to Islam when the city fell to an Ottoman force under Gedik Ahmed Pasha
1575 Diego Hurtado de Mendoza (poet and diplomat) born in that city in 1503. He was a younger son of the Second Conde de Tendillas Íñigo López de Mendoza y Quiñones and Francisca Pacheco. The marquis of Santillana was his great-grandfather
1587 Guglielmo Gonzaga Duke of Mantua Duke of Mantua and Montferrat from 1550 to 1587. He was the second son of Federico II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Margaret Palaeologina of Montferrat. In 1574, Montferrat was elevated to a Duchy and he became its first duke. He was succeeded by his son Vincenzo
1591 François de la Noue one of the Huguenot captains of the 16th century. He was born near Nantes in 1531, of an ancient Breton family
1657 Giovanni Paolo Lascaris an Italian nobleman and Grand Master of the Knights of Malta.
1662 Christina Magdalena of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken Countess Palatine Christina Magdalena of Kleeburg of the House of Wittelsbach, Margravine of Baden-Durlach. She was the daughter of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Kleeburg and Princess Catherine of Sweden. Christina Magdalena was a sister of Charles X of Sweden, and grew up in Sweden
1665 Charles II Duke of Mantua and Montferrat the son of Charles of Gonzaga-Nevers of Rethel, Nevers, Mantua and Montferrat, and Maria Gonzaga. He followed his grandfather Charles I, Duke of Mantua in 1637 as rulers of these lands, the first 10 years under regency of his mother Duchess Maria. Charles sold the Duchies of Nevers and Rethel in 1659 to Cardinal Jules Mazarin, the factual Regent of France, and they became part of France
1676 Nicolò Sagredo the 105th Doge of Venice, reigning from February 6, 1675 until his death less than two years later. Little of note occurred during his reign as Venice was still recovering from the Cretan War , which had ended in the reign of his predecessor
1691 Richard Talbot 1st Earl of Tyrconnell an Irish royalist and Jacobite soldier.
1692 Nicolas Chorier a French lawyer, writer, and historian. He is known especially for his historical works on Dauphiné, as well as his erotic dialogue called The School of Women, or The Seven Flirtatious Encounters of Aloisia
1704 Roland Laporte born at Mas Soubeyran in a cottage which has become the property of the Socité de l'Histoire du Protestantisme français, and which contains relics of the hero.
1727 William Croft an English composer and organist.
1728 Ernest Augustus Duke of York and Albany the younger brother of George I of Great Britain. Ernest was a soldier, and served with some distinction under Emperor Leopold I during the Nine Years' War and the War of Spanish Succession. In 1715 he became Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück
1754 Maria Anna of Austria an Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal. She was also Regent of Portugal from 1742 until 1750 during the illness of her husband King John V of Portugal
1763 Giovanni Battista Somis an Italian violinist and composer of the Baroque music era.
1774 Johann Jakob Reiske a German scholar and physician. He was a pioneer in the fields of Arabic and Byzantine philology as well as Islamic numismatics
1784 Nathaniel Hone the Elder an Irish-born portrait and miniature painter, and one of the founder members of the Royal Academy in 1768.
1794 George Colman the Elder an English dramatist and essayist, usually called "the Elder", and sometimes "George the First", to distinguish him from his son, George Colman the Younger.
1819 Erik Acharius known as the "father of lichenology".
1841 Johann Friedrich Herbart a German philosopher, psychologist, and founder of pedagogy as an academic discipline.
1844 Henry Francis Cary Rev. Henry Francis Cary was a British author and translator, best known for his blank verse translation of The Divine Comedy of Dante
1847 Frans Michael Franzén a Swedish and Finnish poet.
1850 José Rafael Gallegos president of Costa Rica's Junta Superior Gubernativa from October 1822 to January 1823 and head of state of Costa Rica from March 1833 until March 1835 and again from May 1845 to June 1846.
1852 Margaret Taylor First Lady of the United States from 1849 to 1850.
1856 Constant Prévost a French geologist.
1856 William Buckland an English theologian who became Dean of Westminster. He was also a geologist and palaeontologist, writing the first full account of a fossil dinosaur, which he named Megalosaurus. His work proving that Kirkdale Cave had been a prehistoric hyena den, for which he was awarded the Copley Medal, was praised as an example of how scientific analysis could reconstruct events from the distant past. He was a pioneer in the use of fossilised faeces, for which he coined the term coprolites, to reconstruct ancient ecosystems
1858 Tokugawa Iesada the 13th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. He held office for only five years, from 1853 to 1858. He was physically weak and was therefore considered unfit to be shogun. His reign marks the beginning of the Bakumatsu period
1860 André Marie Constant Duméril a French zoologist. He was professor of anatomy at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle from 1801 to 1812, when he became professor of herpetology and ichthyology. His son Auguste Duméril was also a zoologist
1863 Colin Campbell 1st Baron Clyde a British Army officer. After serving in the Peninsular War and the War of 1812, he commanded the 98th Regiment of Foot during the First Opium War and then commanded a brigade during the Second Anglo-Sikh War. He went on to command the Highland Brigade at the Battle of Alma and with his "thin red line of Highlanders" he repulsed the Russian attack on Balaclava during the Crimean War. At an early stage of the Indian Mutiny, he became Commander-in-Chief, India and, in that role, he relieved and then evacuated Lucknow and, after attacking and decisively defeating Tatya Tope at the Second Battle of Cawnpore, captured Lucknow again
1865 Alfred Malherbe a French magistrate and amateur naturalist born in Mauritius to family originally from Metz. He was the administrator of the Museum of Metz
1870 David Farragut a flag officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War. He was the first rear admiral, vice admiral, and admiral in the United States Navy. He is remembered for his order at the Battle of Mobile Bay , usually paraphrased as "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead" in U.S. Navy tradition
1870 Franz Hauser a singer, voice teacher, and music manuscript collector.
1874 Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs a Presbyterian minister and a prominent African-American officeholder during Reconstruction. He served as first black Secretary of State and Superintendent of Public Instruction of Florida, and along with Josiah Thomas Walls, was among the most powerful black officeholders in the state during Reconstruction
1878 Wilhelm Rüstow a Prussian-born Swiss soldier and military writer.
1879 Ivan Davidovich Lazarev an Imperial Russian Army general of Armenian origin.