Born on August 16

1153 Bernard de Tremelay the fourth Grand Master of the Knights Templar.
1243 Stepan Tverdislavich a Novgorodian posadnik in 1230–43.
1278 Napoleone della Torre an Italian nobleman, who was effective Lord of Milan in the late 13th century. He was a member of the della Torre family, the father of Corrado della Torre and the brother of Raimondo della Torre
1355 Philippa 5th Countess of Ulster the suo jure Countess of Ulster.
1378 Hongxi Emperor the fourth emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China. He succeeded his father, the Yongle Emperor, in 1424. His era name means "Vastly bright"
1401 Jacqueline Countess of Hainaut Duchess of Bavaria-Straubing, Countess of Holland and Zeeland and Countess of Hainaut from 1417 to 1433. She was also Dauphine of France for a short time between 1415 and 1417 and Duchess of Gloucester in the 1420s, if her marriage to Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, is accepted as valid
1557 Agostino Carracci an Italian painter and printmaker. He was the brother of the more famous Annibale and cousin of Lodovico Carracci
1565 Christina of Lorraine a member of the House of Lorraine and was the Grand Duchess of Tuscany by marriage. She served as Regent of Tuscany jointly with her daughter-in-law during the minority of her grandson from 1621
1573 Anne of Austria Queen of Poland queen consort of Poland and Sweden by marriage to King Sigismund III Vasa.
1604 Bernard of Saxe-Weimar a German prince and general in the Thirty Years' War.
1621 Giles Corey accused of witchcraft along with his wife Martha Corey during the Salem Witch Trials. After being arrested for witchcraft, Corey refused to enter a plea of guilty or not guilty. He was subjected to pressing in an effort to force him to plea, but instead died after two days
1637 Countess Emilie Juliane of Barby-Mühlingen a German countess and hymn writer.
1645 Jean de La Bruyère a French philosopher and moralist.
1650 Vincenzo Coronelli a Franciscan monk, cosmographer, cartographer, publisher, and encyclopedist known in particular for his atlases and globes. He spent most of his life in Venice
1662 Hans-Adam I Prince of Liechtenstein the son of Karl Eusebius, Prince of Liechtenstein and Johanna Beatrix, Princess von Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg.
1682 Louis Dauphin of France Duke of Burgundy the eldest son of Louis, Dauphin of France. Until he became the official Dauphin of France upon his father's death in 1711, he was known as Le Petit Dauphin to distinguish him from his father, who was known as le Grand Dauphin
1736 Valentin Rose the Elder a German pharmacist and chemist born in Neuruppin. He is remembered for creation of a fusible alloy known as Rose metal, which is composed of lead, bismuth and tin
1738 Anton Wilhelm von L'Estocq a Prussian cavalry general best known for his command of the Prussian troops at the Battle of Eylau.
1744 Pierre Méchain a French astronomer and surveyor who, with Charles Messier, was a major contributor to the early study of deep sky objects and comets.
1748 Duke George Augustus of Mecklenburg a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and a German sailor and soldier.
1761 Yevstigney Fomin a Russian opera composer of the 18th century.
1763 Prince Frederick Duke of York and Albany the second eldest child and second son of King George III of the United Kingdom and a member of the House of Hanover. From the death of his father in 1820 until his own death in 1827, he was the heir presumptive to his elder brother, King George IV, both to the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of Hanover
1770 Louis Vallin a French general. He was involved on the Royalist side in the French intervention in Spain. His name is inscribed in the 12th column on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
1770 François André Michaux a French botanist, son of André Michaux and the namesake of Michaux State Forest in Pennsylvania. Michaux père botanized in North America for nearly a dozen years as royal collector for France
1771 Józef Kossakowski (colonel) a Polish-Lithuanian statesman and military commander, a participant of Targowica Confederation and a colonel of the Polish Army. He used the Ślepowron Coat of Arms
1776 Amalia von Helvig a German and Swedish artist, writer, translator, socialite, Salonist and culture personality. She is known as an inspiration for many artists. She was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts
1780 Zeynalabdin Shirvani an Azerbaijani geographer, philosopher and poet.
1795 Heinrich Marschner the most important composer of German opera between Weber and Wagner. To the extent that he is still remembered, it is largely for his operas Hans Heiling , Der Vampyr , and Der Templer und die Jüdin , extremely popular in his lifetime. Marschner’s ability to depict supernatural horror by musical means is especially evident in the first two operas as well as in some of his ballads, such as "Die Monduhr"
1796 Francis Crozier born in Ireland at Banbridge, County Down and was a British naval officer who participated in six exploratory expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic. He was named after Francis Rawdon, the 2nd Earl of Moira, who was a friend of his father
1798 Mirabeau B. Lamar a Texas politician, poet, diplomat and soldier who was a leading Texas political figure during the Texas Republic era. He was the second President of the Republic of Texas after David Burnet and Sam Houston
1813 Peter Warburton a British explorer who sealed his legacy by a particularly daring expedition from Adelaide crossing the centre of Australia to the coast of Western Australia via Alice Springs in 1872.
1815 John Bosco an Italian Roman Catholic priest of the Latin Church, educator and writer of the 19th century. While working in Turin, where the population suffered many of the effects of industrialization and urbanization, he dedicated his life to the betterment and education of street children, juvenile delinquents, and other disadvantaged youth. He developed teaching methods based on love rather than punishment, a method that became known as the Salesian Preventive System. A follower of the spirituality and philosophy of Saint Francis de Sales, Bosco dedicated his works to him when he founded the Salesians of Don Bosco, based in Turin. Together with Maria Domenica Mazzarello, he founded the Institute of the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians, a religious congregation of nuns dedicated to the care and education of poor girls
1820 Andrew Rainsford Wetmore a New Brunswick politician, jurist, and a member of a prominent United Empire Loyalist family.
1821 Arthur Cayley a British mathematician. He helped found the modern British school of pure mathematics
1823 Alexandru Hurmuzaki a Romanian politician and publisher. He was one of the founding members of the Romanian Academy
1831 Ebenezer Cobb Morley regarded as the father of The Football Association and modern Football.
1831 John Jones Ross born in Quebec City, Canada. He was the son of a Scots-Quebecer merchant, George McIntosh Ross, and his French-Canadian wife Sophie-Éloïse Gouin
1832 Wilhelm Wundt a German physician, physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figures of modern psychology. Wundt, who noted psychology as a science apart from biology and philosophy, was the first person to ever call himself a Psychologist. He is widely regarded as the "father of experimental psychology". In 1879, Wundt founded the first formal laboratory for psychological research at the University of Leipzig. This marked psychology as an independent field of study
1835 John Farmer (1835–1901) a composer, music teacher and organist from Nottingham.
1835 James Wilson (U.S. politician) a Scottish-born American politician who served as United States Secretary of Agriculture for sixteen years during three presidencies, from 1897 to 1913. He holds the record as the longest-serving United States Cabinet member, and if one counts his day and a half under Woodrow Wilson, the only cabinet member to serve under four consecutive Presidents
1841 Alexandru Lahovary a member of the Romanian aristocracy, a politician and diplomat who served as the Minister of Justice, Minister of Agriculture, Industry, Trade and Property, Minister of Public Works and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kingdom of Romania.
1842 Jakob Rosanes a German mathematician who worked on algebraic geometry and invariant theory. He was also a chess master
1845 Gabriel Lippmann a Franco-Luxembourgish physicist and inventor, and Nobel laureate in physics for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference.
1846 Oskar Victorovich Stark a vice-admiral in the Imperial Russian Navy and a noted explorer of Peter the Great Bay and the Far Eastern seas. A strait in Peter the Great Gulf and a bay in the Tatar Strait are named after him
1848 Friedrich Bohndorff a German researcher and ornithologist.
1848 Vladimir Sukhomlinov a cavalry general of the Imperial Russian Army who served as the Chief of the General Staff in 1908–09 and the Minister of War until 1915, when he was ousted from office amid allegations of failure to provide necessary armaments and munitions.
1848 Francis Darwin Sir Francis "Frank" Darwin, FRS , a son of the British naturalist and scientist Charles Darwin, followed his father into botany.
1855 Nahum Barnet an architect working in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia during the Victorian and Edwardian periods.
1856 Aparicio Saravia a Uruguayan politician and military leader. He was a member of the Uruguayan National Party and was a revolutionary leader against the Uruguayan government
1857 Julien Noël Costantin a French botanist and mycologist who was a native of Paris.