Died on August 16

1027 George I of Georgia the king of Georgia from 1014 until his death in 1027. He spent most of his seven-year-long reign waging a bloody and fruitless territorial war with the Byzantine Empire
1037 Avicenna regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age. Of the 450 works he is known to have written, around 240 have survived, including 150 on philosophy and 40 on medicine
1157 Ramiro II of Aragon King of Aragon from 1134 until withdrawing from public life in 1137. He was the youngest son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon and Navarre and Felicia of Roucy
1190 Dedi III Margrave of Lusatia Count of Wettin as Dido From 1144, he was Lord of Groitzsch. From 1156, Count of Groitzsch and also Count of Rochlitz, and from 1185 also Margrave of Lusatia and Count of Eilenburg and Landsberg
1285 Philip I Count of Savoy the Count of Savoy from 1268 to 1285. Before this, he was the Bishop of Valence , Dean of Vienne and Archbishop of Lyon
1291 Frederick Tuta a member of the House of Wettin. He was Margrave of Landsburg from 1285 until his death. From 1288 until his death, he was also Margrave of Lusatia and regent of Meissen
1297 John II of Trebizond Emperor of Trebizond from 1280 to 1297. He was the youngest son of Emperor Manuel I and his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, a Trapezuntine noblewoman. John succeeded to the throne after his full-brother George was betrayed by his archons on the mountain of Taurezion. It was during his reign that the style of the rulers of Trebizond changed; until then, they claimed the traditional title of the Byzantine emperors, "Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans", but from John II on they changed it to "Emperor and Autocrat of all the East, the Iberians, and the Transmarine Provinces", although Iberia had been lost in the reign of Andronikos I Gidos
1327 Saint Roch commemorated on 16 August; he is specially invoked against the plague. He may also be called Rock in English, and has the designation of St Rollox in Glasgow, Scotland, said to be a corruption of St Roch's Loch. He is a patron Saint of dogs and falsely accused people, among other things
1339 Azzone Visconti lord of Milan from 1329 until his death. He is considered the founder of the state of Milan, which later became a duchy
1358 Albert II Duke of Austria Duke of Austria.
1410 Francesco di Marco Datini an Italian merchant born in Prato.
1419 Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia was, by inheritance, King of Bohemia from 1363 and by election, German King from 1376. He was the third Bohemian and third German monarch of the Luxembourg dynasty. Wenceslaus was deposed in 1400 as King of the Romans, but continued to rule as Bohemian king until his death
1443 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu the 7th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1442 to 1443 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshikatsu was the son of 6th shogun Ashikaga Yoshinori
1445 Margaret Stewart Dauphine of France a Princess of Scotland and the Dauphine of France. She was the firstborn child of King James I of Scotland and Queen Joan Beaufort
1518 Loyset Compère a Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance. Of the same generation as Josquin des Prez, he was one of the most significant composers of motets and chansons of that era, and one of the first musicians to bring the light Italianate Renaissance style to France
1532 John Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1525 until 1532. He was a member of the House of Wettin
1641 Thomas Heywood a prominent English playwright, actor, and author whose peak period of activity falls between late Elizabethan and early Jacobean theatre.
1661 Thomas Fuller an English churchman and historian. He is now remembered for his writings, particularly his Worthies of England, published after his death. He was a prolific author, and one of the first English writers able to live by his pen
1662 Ignace Cotolendi a French bishop. He was a founding member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society and became a missionary in Asia
1678 Andrew Marvell an English metaphysical poet and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1678. As a metaphysical poet, he is associated with John Donne and George Herbert. He was a colleague and friend of John Milton. His poems include "To His Coy Mistress", "The Garden", "An Horatian Ode upon Cromwell's Return from Ireland", "The Mower's Song" and the country house poem "Upon Appleton House"
1705 Jacob Bernoulli one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family. He was an early proponent of Leibnizian calculus and had sided with Leibniz during the Leibniz–Newton calculus controversy. He is known for his numerous contributions to calculus, and along with his brother Johann, was one of the founders of the calculus of variations. However, his most important contribution was in the field of probability, where he derived the first version of the law of large numbers in his work Ars Conjectandi
1715 Marie Elisabeth of Hesse-Darmstadt the only Duchess by marriage of Saxe-Römhild.
1721 Christian Friedrich Hunold a German author who wrote under the pseudonym Menantes.
1723 Niels Jonsson Stromberg af Clastorp a Swedish soldier and Governor-General of Swedish Estonia from 1706 to 1709.
1733 Matthew Tindal an eminent English deist author. His works, highly influential at the dawn of the Enlightenment, caused great controversy and challenged the Christian consensus of his time
1781 Charles-François de Broglie marquis de Ruffec a French soldier and diplomat from a distinguished French military family. He served for some years in the army, and afterwards became one of the foremost diplomatists in the service of Louis He is chiefly remembered in connection with the Secret du Roi
1787 John Ponsonby (politician) an Irish politician.
1794 Charles-Louis Richard a Catholic theologian and publicist.
1799 Vincenzo Manfredini an Italian composer, harpsichordist and a music theorist.
1816 Johann Jahn a German Orientalist.
1818 John Palmer (postal innovator) a theatre owner and instigator of the British system of mail coaches that was the beginning of the great British post office reforms with the introduction of an efficient mail coach delivery service in Great Britain during the late 18th century. He was Mayor of Bath on two occasions and Comptroller General of the Post Office, and later served as Member of Parliament for the constituency of Bath between 1801 and 1807
1825 Charles Cotesworth Pinckney "C. C." Pinckney , was an early American statesman of South Carolina, Revolutionary War veteran, and delegate to the Constitutional Convention. He was twice nominated by the Federalist Party as their presidential candidate, but he did not win either election
1832 Demetrios Ypsilantis a dragoman of the Ottoman Empire, served as an officer in the Imperial Russian Army in Moldavia and was appointed as modern Greece's first Field Marshal by Ioannis Kapodistrias, a hero of the Greek War of Independence. Ypsilantis was the brother of Alexander Ypsilantis, a leader of Filiki Eteria
1836 Marc-Antoine Parseval now known as Parseval's theorem, which presaged the unitarity of the Fourier transform.
1837 Christian Ludwig Nitzsch a German zoologist. He is best remembered for his approach to classifying birds on the basis of their feather tract distributions or pterylosis of their young
1846 Sylvain Charles Valée a Marshal of France.
1851 Christian Martin Frähn born at Rostock, Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
1853 Friedrich Joseph Haass the "holy doctor of Moscow." As a member of Moscow's governmental prison committee, he spent 25 years until the end of his life to humanize the penal system. During the last nine years before his death he spent all of his assets to run a hospital for homeless people. 20,000 people attended his funeral at the Vvedenskoye Cemetery
1855 Henry Colburn a British publisher.
1861 Ranavalona I sovereign of the Kingdom of Madagascar from 1828 to 1861. After positioning herself as queen following the death of her young husband, Radama I, Ranavalona pursued a policy of isolationism and self-sufficiency, reducing economic and political ties with European powers, repelling a French attack on the coastal town of Foulpointe, and taking vigorous measures to eradicate the small but growing Malagasy Christian movement initiated under Radama I by members of the London Missionary Society. She made heavy use of the traditional practice of fanompoana to complete public works projects and develop a standing army of between 20,000 and 30,000 Merina soldiers, whom she deployed to pacify outlying regions of the island and further expand the realm. The combination of regular warfare, disease, difficult forced labor and harsh measures of justice resulted in a high mortality rate among soldiers and civilians alike during her 33-year reign
1867 Friedrich Gottlob Haase a German classical scholar. He was born in Magdeburg on 4 January 1808
1873 Georg Hellmesberger Sr. an Austrian violinist, conductor, and composer.
1875 Charles Grandison Finney an American Presbyterian minister and leader in the Second Great Awakening in the United States. He has been called The Father of Modern Revivalism. Finney was best known as an innovative revivalist during the period 1825–35 in upstate New York and Manhattan, an opponent of Old School Presbyterian theology, an advocate of Christian perfectionism, and a religious writer
1875 Prince Karl Theodor of Bavaria a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty. He was the second son and fifth child of Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt
1878 Richard Upjohn an English-born architect who emigrated to the United States and became most famous for his Gothic Revival churches. He was partially responsible for launching the movement to such popularity in the United States. Upjohn also did extensive work in and helped to popularize the Italianate style. He was a founder and the first president of the American Institute of Architects. His son, Richard Mitchell Upjohn, , was also a well-known architect and served as a partner in his continued architectural firm in New York
1880 Herschel Vespasian Johnson an American politician. He was the 41st Governor of Georgia from 1853 to 1857 and the Vice Presidential nominee of the Douglas wing of the Democratic Party in the 1860 US presidential election
1880 Dominique Alexandre Godron a French physician and botanist born in the town of Hayange, in the département Moselle.
1882 Auguste-Alexandre Ducrot a French general. Ducrot served in Algeria, in the Italian campaign of 1859, and as a division commander in the Franco-Prussian War
1885 Goode Bryan a planter, politician, military officer, and American Civil War general in the Confederate States Army. His brigade played a prominent role during the Battle of the Wilderness, fighting stubbornly until exhausting its ammunition
1886 Ramakrishna an Indian mystic during 19th-century. His religious school of thought led to the formation of the Ramakrishna Mission by his chief disciple Swami Vivekananda. He is also referred to as "Paramahamsa" by his devotees, as such he is popularly known as Ramakrishna Paramahamsa