August 16 events in history

1328 The House of Gonzaga seizes power in the Duchy of Mantua, and will rule until 1708
1513 Battle of Guinegate (Battle of the Spurs): King Henry VIII of England and his Imperial allies defeat French Forces who are then forced to retreat
1777 American Revolutionary War: The Americans led by General John Stark rout British and Brunswick troops under Friedrich Baum at the Battle of Bennington in Walloomsac, New York
1780 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Camden: The British defeat the Americans near Camden, South Carolina
1792 Maximilien de Robespierre presents the petition of the Commune of Paris to the Legislative Assembly, which demanded the formation of a revolutionary tribunal
1793 French Revolution: A levée en masse is decreed by the National Convention
1812 War of 1812: American General William Hull surrenders Fort Detroit without a fight to the British Army
1819 Peterloo Massacre: Seventeen people die and over 600 are injured in cavalry charges at a public meeting at St. Peter's Field, Manchester, England
1841 U.S. President John Tyler vetoes a bill which called for the re-establishment of the Second Bank of the United States. Enraged Whig Party members riot outside the White House in the most violent demonstration on White House grounds in U.S. history
1858 U.S. President James Buchanan inaugurates the new transatlantic telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. However, a weak signal forces a shutdown of the service in a few weeks
1859 The Tuscan National Assembly formally deposes the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
1863 The Dominican Restoration War begins when Gregorio Luperón raises the Dominican flag in Santo Domingo after Spain had recolonized the country
1869 Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguayan battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the Paraguayan War
1870 Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Mars-la-Tour is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory
1891 The Basilica of San Sebastian in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed
1896 Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmack and Dawson Charlie discover gold in a tributary of the Klondike River in Canada, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush
1900 The Battle of Elands River during the Second Boer War ends after a 13-day siege is lifted by the British. The battle had begun when a force of between 2,000 and 3,000 Boers had surrounded a force of 500 Australians, Rhodesians, Canadians and British soldiers at a supply dump at Brakfontein Drift
1906 An estimated 8.2 MW earthquake hits Valparaíso, Chile, killing 3,886 people
1913 Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tohoku University) becomes the first university in Japan to admit female students
1913 Completion of the Royal Navy battlecruiser HMS Queen Mary
1920 The congress of the Communist Party of Bukhara opens. The congress would call for armed revolution
1920 Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians is hit on the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and dies early the next day. Chapman was the second player to die from injuries sustained in a Major League Baseball game, the first being Doc Powers in 1909
1920 Polish–Soviet War: The Battle of Radzymin concludes; the Soviet Red Army is forced to turn away from Warsaw
1927 The Dole Air Race begins from Oakland, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, during which six out of the eight participating planes crash or disappear
1929 The 1929 Palestine riots break out in Mandatory Palestine between Palestinian Arabs and Jews and continue until the end of the month. In total, 133 Jews and 116 Arabs are killed
1930 The first British Empire Games were opened in Hamilton, Ontario by the Governor General of Canada, the Viscount Willingdon
1930 The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks, is made by Ub Iwerks
1942 World War II: The two-person crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappears without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean. The blimp drifts without her crew and crash-lands in Daly City, California
1944 First flight of the Junkers Ju 287
1945 An assassination attempt is made on Japan's prime minister, Kantarō Suzuki
1945 The National Representatives' Congress, the precursor of the current National Assembly of Vietnam, convenes in Sơn Dương
1945 Puyi, the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, is captured by Soviet troops
1946 The All Hyderabad Trade Union Congress is founded in Secunderabad
1946 Mass riots in Kolkata begin, in which more than 4,000 would be killed in 72 hours
1954 The first issue of Sports Illustrated is published
1960 Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom
1960 Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at 102,800 feet (31,300 m), setting three records that held until 2012: High-altitude jump, free fall, and highest speed by a human without an aircraft
1962 Eight years after the remaining French India territories were handed to India, the ratifications of the treaty are exchanged to make the transfer official
1964 Vietnam War: A coup d'état replaces Dương Văn Minh with General Nguyễn Khánh as President of South Vietnam. A new constitution is established with aid from the U.S. Embassy
1966 Vietnam War: The House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations of Americans who have aided the Viet Cong. The committee intends to introduce legislation making these activities illegal. Anti-war demonstrators disrupt the meeting and 50 people are arrested
1972 In an unsuccessful coup d'état attempt, the Royal Moroccan Air Force fires upon Hassan II of Morocco's plane while he is traveling back to Rabat
1974 Punk Rock pioneers The Ramones play their first show in a local New York club named CBGB
1987 Northwest Airlines Flight 255 a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 crashes after take off in Detroit, Michigan, killing 154 of the 155 on board, plus two people on the ground
1989 A solar flare from the Sun creates a geomagnetic storm that affects micro chips, leading to a halt of all trading on Toronto's stock market
2008 The Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicago is topped off at 1,389 feet (423 m), at the time becoming the world's highest residence above ground-level
2010 China overtakes Japan as world's second-largest economy
2012 South African police fatally shoot 34 miners and wound 78 more during an industrial dispute near Rustenburg
2013 The ferry St. Thomas Aquinas collides with a cargo ship and sinks at Cebu, Philippines, killing 61 people and 59 others missing
2014 The 2014 Summer Youth Olympics open in the Chinese city of Nanjing