Born on August 17

309 Pope Eusebius the Bishop of Rome from 18 April to his death in 309 or 310.
1030 Ernest II Duke of Swabia Duke of Swabia from 1015 to 1030. A member of the Babenberg family, he was the son of Ernest I and Gisela of Swabia
1465 Philibert I Duke of Savoy the son of Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy and Yolande of Valois. Philibert was Duke of Savoy from 1472 to 1482
1473 Richard of Shrewsbury Duke of York the sixth child and second son of King Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville, born in Shrewsbury. He and his older brother, who briefly reigned as King Edward V of England, mysteriously disappeared shortly after Richard III of England seized the throne in 1483
1556 Alexander Briant an English Jesuit and martyr, executed at Tyburn.
1578 Francesco Albani an Italian Baroque painter who was active in Bologna , Rome , Bologna , Viterbo , Bologna , Rome , Bologna , Mantova , Roma and Florence.
1586 Johannes Valentinus Andreae a.k.a. Johannes Valentinus Andreä or Johann Valentin Andreae, was a German theologian, who claimed to be the author of the Chymische Hochzeit Christiani Rosencreutz anno 1459 , one of the three founding works of Rosicrucianism
1601 Pierre de Fermat given credit for early developments that led to infinitesimal calculus, including his technique of adequality. In particular, he is recognized for his discovery of an original method of finding the greatest and the smallest ordinates of curved lines, which is analogous to that of the differential calculus, then unknown, and his research into number theory. He made notable contributions to analytic geometry, probability, and optics. He is best known for Fermat's Last Theorem, which he described in a note at the margin of a copy of Diophantus' Arithmetica
1603 Lennart Torstensson a Swedish Field Marshal and military engineer.
1612 Jeremi Wiśniowiecki a notable member of the aristocracy of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Prince of Wiśniowiec, Łubnie and Chorol in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the father of the future King of Poland, Michael I.
1629 John III Sobieski one of the most notable monarchs of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1686 Nicola Porpora a Neapolitan composer of Baroque operas and teacher of singing, whose most famous singing student was the castrato Farinelli. Other students included composers Matteo Capranica and Joseph Haydn
1688 Maria Luisa of Savoy a Savoyard princess and the first wife of Philip V of Spain. She acted as Regent of Spain and had great influence over her husband. She is closely associated with Princesse des Ursins
1699 Bernard de Jussieu a French naturalist, younger brother of Antoine de Jussieu.
1700 Clemens August of Bavaria a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty of Bavaria and Archbishop-Elector of Cologne.
1702 Muhammad Shah the Mughal emperor between 1719 and 1748. He was son of Khujista Akhtar, the fourth son of Bahadur Shah Ascending the throne at 17 with the help of the Sayyid Brothers, he later got rid of them with the help of Asaf Jah Muhammad Shah was a great patron of the arts, including musical, cultural and administrative developments, his pen-name was Sada Rangila
1733 François Baron de Tott an aristocrat and a French military officer of Hungarian origin. Born on August 17, 1733 in Chamigny, a village in northern France, the descendant of a Hungarian nobleman, who had emigrated to the Ottoman Empire and then moved on to France with the cavalry of Count Miklós Bercsényi, and was later raised to the rank of baron
1743 Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann a German geographer and zoologist.
1753 Josef Dobrovský a Bohemian philologist and historian, one of the most important figures of the Czech national revival.
1754 Louis-Marie Stanislas Fréron a French politician, journalist, representative to the National Assembly, and a representative on mission during the French Revolution.
1755 Thomas Stothard an English painter, illustrator and engraver.
1755 William Paterson (explorer) a Scottish soldier, explorer, Lieutenant governor and botanist best known for leading early settlement in Tasmania.
1761 William Carey (missionary) an English Baptist missionary and a Particular Baptist minister, known as the "father of modern missions." Carey was one of the founders of the Baptist Missionary Society. As a missionary in the Danish colony, Serampore, India, he translated the Bible into Bengali, Sanskrit, and several other languages and dialects. Carey was a central figure in the modernization of India
1763 Dmitry Senyavin a Russian admiral who ranks among the greatest seamen of the Napoleonic Wars.
1763 Ana Gruzinsky Galitzine a Georgian royal princess of the Bagrationi dynasty.
1768 Louis Desaix a French general and military leader. According to the usage of the time, he took the name Louis Charles Antoine Desaix de Veygoux
1777 Robert Thomas Wilson a British general and politician who served in Flanders, Egypt, Spain, Prussia, and was seconded to the Imperial Russian Army in 1812. He sat as the Liberal Member of Parliament for Southwark from 1818 to 1831. He served as the Governor of Gibraltar from 1842 until his death in 1849
1780 Ignaz Paul Vital Troxler a Swiss physician, politician, and philosopher.
1780 George Croly an Irish poet, novelist, historian, and Anglican priest. He was rector of St Stephen Walbrook in the City of London from 1835 until his death
1782 Pierre-Luc-Charles Ciceri a leading French set designer of his era.
1786 Davy Crockett a 19th-century American folk hero, frontiersman, soldier, and politician. He is commonly referred to in popular culture by the epithet "King of the Wild Frontier". He represented Tennessee in the U.S. House of Representatives, served in the Texas Revolution, and died at the Battle of the Alamo
1786 Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld the mother of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
1787 Maxim Vorobiev a Russian landscape painter.
1787 Isaac Taylor an English philosophical and historical writer, artist, and inventor.
1794 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst a German priest and reputed miracle-worker.
1798 Thomas Hodgkin an English physician, considered one of the most prominent pathologists of his time and a pioneer in preventive medicine. He is now best known for the first account of Hodgkin's disease, a form of lymphoma and blood disease, in 1832. Hodgkin's work marked the beginning of times when a pathologist was actively involved in the clinical process. He was a contemporary of Thomas Addison and Richard Bright at Guy's Hospital
1798 Anton Delvig a Russian poet and journalist who studied in the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum together with Alexander Pushkin, and Wilhelm Küchelbecker with whom he became close friends. Küchelbecker dedicated a poem to him. Delvig commissioned a portrait of Pushkin from Orest Kiprensky which Pushkin bought from Delvig's widow after his friend's death
1799 Robert von Mohl a German jurist. Father of diplomat Ottmar von Mohl. Brother of Hugo von Mohl and Julius von Mohl
1800 Charles Rogier a Belgian liberal statesman and a leader in the Belgian Revolution of 1830. He became Prime Minister of Belgium on two separate occasions: from 1847 to 1852, and again from 1857 to 1868
1801 Fredrika Bremer a Swedish writer and a feminist activist. She had a large influence on the social development in Sweden, especially in feminist issues
1803 Joseph Marchand a French missionary in Vietnam, and a member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society.
1815 Eugene Balabin a Russian Roman Catholic priest and a member of the Society of Jesus. He was a prominent Russian Catholic of the 19th century
1816 Benjamin Bilse a German conductor and composer.
1817 Julius Lange (painter) a German landscape painter.
1817 Joseph Kervyn de Lettenhove a Belgian historian and politician.
1819 Jón Árnason (author) an Icelandic writer, librarian, and museum director who made the first collection of Icelandic folktales.
1822 Louis Guéymard a French operatic tenor. Born in Chaponnay, his parents were farmers and he worked on his family's farm until the age of 19. He then received voice training at the Opéra National de Lyon. He made his opera debut there in 1845 and then pursued further voice studies at the Conservatoire de Paris from 1846-1848
1830 Richard von Volkmann a prominent German surgeon and author of poetry and fiction.
1832 Miroslav Tyrš a Czech art historian, sports organizer and founder of the Sokol movement.
1834 Peter Benoit a Flemish composer of Belgian nationality.