August 18 events in history

684 Battle of Marj Rahit: Umayyad partisans defeat the supporters of Ibn al-Zubayr and cement Umayyad control of Syria
1304 The Battle of Mons-en-Pévèle is fought to a draw between the French army and the Flemish militias
1487 The Siege of Málaga ends with the taking of the city by Castilian and Aragonese forces
1572 Marriage in Paris, France, of the Huguenot King Henry III of Navarre to Margaret of Valois, in a supposed attempt to reconcile Protestants and Catholics
1587 Virginia Dare, granddaughter of Governor John White of the Colony of Roanoke, becomes the first English child born in the Americas
1590 John White, the governor of the Roanoke Colony, returns from a supply trip to England and finds his settlement deserted
1612 The trial of the Pendle witches, one of England's most famous witch trials, begins at Lancaster Assizes
1634 Urbain Grandier, accused and convicted of sorcery, is burned alive in Loudun, France
1783 A huge fireball meteor is seen across Great Britain as it passes over the east coast
1838 The Wilkes Expedition, which would explore the Puget Sound and Antarctica, weighs anchor at Hampton Roads
1848 Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas
1864 American Civil War: Battle of Globe Tavern – Union forces try to cut a vital Confederate supply-line into Petersburg, Virginia, by attacking the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad
1868 French astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers helium
1870 Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Gravelotte is fought
1877 Asaph Hall discovers Martian moon Phobos
1891 Major hurricane strikes Martinique, leaving 700 dead
1903 German engineer Karl Jatho allegedly flies his self-made, motored gliding airplane four months before the first flight of the Wright brothers
1917 A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroys 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless
1920 The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing women's suffrage
1938 The Thousand Islands Bridge, connecting New York, United States with Ontario, Canada over the Saint Lawrence River, is dedicated by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt
1945 Sukarno takes office as the first president of Indonesia, following the country's declaration of independence the previous day
1948 The Australian cricket team completed a 4–0 Ashes series win over England during their undefeated Invincibles tour
1950 Julien Lahaut, the chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium is assassinated by far-right elements
1958 Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel Lolita is published in the United States
1958 Brojen Das from Bangladesh swims across the English Channel in a competition, as the first Bangali and the first Asian to do so. He came first among 39 competitors
1963 American civil rights movement: James Meredith becomes the first black person to graduate from the University of Mississippi
1965 Vietnam War: Operation Starlite begins – United States Marines destroy a Viet Cong stronghold on the Van Tuong peninsula in the first major American ground battle of the war
1966 Vietnam War: the Battle of Long Tan ensues after a patrol from the 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment clashes with a Viet Cong force in Phước Tuy Province
1971 Vietnam War: Australia and New Zealand decide to withdraw their troops from Vietnam
1976 In the Korean Demilitarized Zone at Panmunjom, the Axe murder incident results in the death of two US soldiers
1977 Steve Biko is arrested at a police roadblock under the Terrorism Act No 83 of 1967 in King William's Town, South Africa. He later dies from injuries sustained during this arrest bringing attention to South Africa's apartheid policies
1983 Hurricane Alicia hits the Texas coast, killing 22 people and causing over US$1 billion in damage (1983 dollars)
1989 Leading presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galán is assassinated near Bogotá in Colombia
2005 A massive power blackout hits the Indonesian island of Java, affecting almost 100 million people, the one of the largest and most widespread power outages in history
2008 President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf resigns under threat of impeachment