Born on August 19

232 Marcus Aurelius Probus Roman Emperor from 276 to 282.
1012 Baldwin V Count of Flanders Count of Flanders from 1035 until his death.
1217 Ninshō a Japanese Shingon Risshu priest during the Kamakura period. His was instrumental in reviving Ritsu Buddhism during this period, as well as establishing facilities to care for invalids. He was criticized by his contemporary Nichiren
1282 Hartmann von Heldrungen the 11th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, serving from 1273 to 1282.
1327 Aymeric of Piacenza an Italian Dominican scholar, who became Master of the Order of Preachers. He involved in both the suppression of the Fraticelli, and the downfall of the Templars
1342 Catherine of Bohemia Electress of Brandenburg, the second daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV and Blanche of Valois.
1398 Íñigo López de Mendoza 1st Marquis of Santillana a Castilian politician and poet who held an important position in society and literature during the reign of John II of Castile.
1557 Frederick I Duke of Württemberg the son of George of Mömpelgard and his wife Barbara of Hesse, daughter of Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse.
1558 François de Bourbon Prince of Conti the third son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, a junior line of the House of Bourbon, and his first wife Eléanor de Roucy de Roye. He was given the title of Marquis of Conti and between 1581 and 1597 was elevated to the rank of a prince. The title of Prince of Conti was honorary and did not carry any territorial jurisdiction
1560 James Crichton a Scottish polymath noted for his extraordinary accomplishments in languages, the arts, and sciences before he was killed at the age of 21.
1580 Pierre Vernier a French mathematician and instrument inventor. He was inventor and eponym of the vernier scale used in measuring devices
1583 Daišan an influential Manchu prince and statesman of the Qing Dynasty.
1590 Henry Rich 1st Earl of Holland an English courtier, peer and soldier. A member of the influential Rich family, he was the son of Robert Rich, 1st Earl of Warwick, and his wife, Penelope Devereux, and the younger brother of Robert, 2nd Earl of Warwick
1596 Elizabeth Stuart Queen of Bohemia was, as the wife of Frederick V, Elector Palatine, Electress Palatine, and briefly, Queen of Bohemia. Because her husband’s reign in Bohemia lasted for just one winter, Elizabeth often is referred to as The Winter Queen. She was the second child and eldest daughter of James VI and I, King of Scots, England, and Ireland, and his wife, Anne of Denmark
1621 Gerbrand van den Eeckhout a Dutch Golden Age painter and a favourite student of Rembrandt. He was also an etcher, an amateur poet, a collector and an adviser on art
1646 John Flamsteed an English astronomer and the first Astronomer Royal. He catalogued over 3000 stars
1686 Eustace Budgell an English writer and politician.
1689 Samuel Richardson an 18th-century English writer and printer. He is best known for his three epistolary novels: Pamela: Or, Virtue Rewarded , Clarissa: Or the History of a Young Lady and The History of Sir Charles Grandison. Richardson was an established printer and publisher for most of his life and printed almost 500 different works, including journals and magazines
1710 Charles Wyndham 2nd Earl of Egremont a British statesman who served as Secretary of State for the Southern Department 1761-63.
1711 Edward Boscawen an Admiral in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament for the borough of Truro, Cornwall. He is known principally for his various naval commands throughout the 18th century and the engagements that he won, including the Siege of Louisburg in 1758 and Battle of Lagos in 1759. He is also remembered as the officer who signed the warrant authorising the execution of Admiral John Byng after Byng's court martial in 1757 after the failure of Byng to engage the enemy at the Battle of Minorca
1719 Charles-François de Broglie marquis de Ruffec a French soldier and diplomat from a distinguished French military family. He served for some years in the army, and afterwards became one of the foremost diplomatists in the service of Louis He is chiefly remembered in connection with the Secret du Roi
1739 Georg Simon Klügel a German mathematician and physicist.
1742 Jean Dauberval a.k.a. Jean D’Auberval, , was a French dancer and ballet master. He is most noted for creating the ballet, La fille mal gardée, one of the most enduring and popular works of the ballet repertoire
1743 Madame du Barry the last Maîtresse-en-titre of Louis XV of France and one of the victims of the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution.
1745 Johan Gottlieb Gahn a Swedish chemist and metallurgist who discovered manganese in 1774.
1753 Anne Nompar de Caumont a mistress of the Count of Provence, who later became Louis XVIII.
1756 Auguste Marie Henri Picot de Dampierre a French general during the time of the French Revolution. He served in many of the early battles of the French Revolutionary Wars, and was killed in action in 1793. For him, the name Dampierre is among those inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe
1761 Andreyan Zakharov a Russian architect and representative of the Empire style. His designs also alternated neoclassicism with eclecticism
1767 Prince Mirian of Georgia a Georgian prince of the Bagrationi dynasty, born to King Heraclius II and Queen Darejan Dadiani. After Heraclius placed his kingdom under the Russian protectorate in 1783, Mirian entered the Russian army, attaining to the rank of major general. He reconciled with the Russian annexation of Georgia in 1801, departing to Petersburg, where he ended his days as a senator of the Empire. Of some literary talent, Mirian translated from Russian and himself composed poetry
1777 Francis I of the Two Sicilies King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830.
1779 Louis Nicolas Philippe Auguste de Forbin the French painter and antiquary who succeeded Vivant Denon as curator of the Musée du Louvre and the other museums of France.
1780 Pierre-Jean de Béranger a prolific French poet and chansonnier , who enjoyed great popularity and influence in France during his lifetime, but faded into obscurity in the decades following his death. He has been described as "the most popular French songwriter of all time" and "the first superstar of French popular music"
1793 Barthélemy Thimonnier a French inventor, who invented the first sewing machine that replicated sewing by hand.
1800 Buckner Stith Morris served as Mayor of Chicago, Illinois for the Whig Party.
1803 Ludwig Arndts von Arnesberg a German jurist.
1804 Marie Alphonse Bedeau a French general and minister.
1805 Alexander Loyd served one term as mayor of Chicago, Illinois from 1840 until 1841 for the Democratic Party.
1808 James Nasmyth a Scottish engineer and inventor famous for his development of the steam hammer. He was the co-founder of Nasmyth, Gaskell and Company manufacturers of machine tools. He retired at the age of 48, and moved to Penshurst, Kent where he developed his hobbies of astronomy and photography
1813 Carl Schlesinger a cellist. He originally played the violin
1819 Julius van Zuylen van Nijevelt a Dutch politician.
1824 Georg Goltermann a German cellist and composer.
1829 Edward Moran an American artist of maritime paintings. He is arguably most famous for his series of 13 historical paintings of United States marine history
1830 Julius Lothar Meyer a German chemist. He was a contemporary and competitor of Dimitri Mendeleev in developing the first periodic table of chemical elements. About five years apart, both Mendeleev and Meyer worked with Robert Bunsen
1835 Tom Wills credited with being Australia's first cricketer of significance and a pioneer of the sport of Australian rules football.
1838 Hugo Hildebrand Hildebrandsson a Swedish meteorologist and professor at Uppsala university between 1878 and 1907.
1839 Julius Oscar Brefeld a German botanist and mycologist.
1839 Henrik Christian Fredrik Størmer a Norwegian engineer, inventor, industrialist and entrepreneur.
1843 C. I. Scofield an American theologian, minister, and writer whose best-selling annotated Bible popularized futurism and dispensationalism among fundamentalist Christians.
1845 Edmond James de Rothschild a French member of the Rothschild banking family. A strong supporter of Zionism, his generous donations lent significant support to the movement during its early years, which helped lead to the establishment of the State of Israel
1846 Luis Martín Very Rev. Luis Martín García, S.J. was a Spanish Jesuit, elected the 24th Superior General of the Society of Jesus