Born on August 2

216 Marcus Minucius Rufus a Roman consul in 221 He was also Magister Equitum during the dictatorship of Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus known as Cunctator.
216 Gnaeus Servilius Geminus a Roman consul, serving as both general and admiral of Roman forces, during the Second Punic War.
1373 Adolph I Duke of Cleves the second Count of Cleves and the fourth Count of Mark.
1417 Shin Suk-ju a Korean politician and soldier during the Joseon Dynasty. He served as Prime Minister from 1461 to 1464 and from 1471 to 1475
1424 John II Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1453 to his death. He inherited the duchy from his mother, Duchess Isabelle, during the life of his father, Duke René of Anjou, also Duke of Lorraine and titular king of Naples. As heir-apparent of Naples, he was styled the Duke of Calabria, and spent most of his time engaging in plots for Angevin recovery of Naples. In 1466, the Catalonians chose his father as King of Aragon, and he was created Prince of Girona, as heir-apparent. He went into Catalonia to press the family's claims, but died, supposedly by poison, in Barcelona
1455 John Cicero Elector of Brandenburg Elector of Brandenburg from 1486 until his death, the fourth of the House of Hohenzollern. After his death he received the cognomen Cicero, after the Roman orator Cicero, but the elector's eloquence and interest in the arts is doubtful
1533 Theodor Zwinger a Swiss physician and humanist scholar. He made significant contributions to the emerging genres of reference and travel literature. He was the first distinguished representative of a prominent early modern Basel academic family
1549 Mikołaj Krzysztof "the Orphan" Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble.
1571 Charles Duke of Guise the son of Henry I, Duke of Guise and Catherine of Cleves.
1612 Saskia van Uylenburgh the wife of painter Rembrandt van Rijn. In the course of her life she was his model for some of his paintings, drawings and etchings. She was the daughter of a Frisian mayor
1640 Gérard Audran a French engraver of the Audran family, the third son of Claude Audran.
1641 John Hathorne a merchant and magistrate of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Salem, Massachusetts. He is best known for his early and vocal role as one of the leading judges in the Salem witch trials
1646 Jean-Baptiste du Casse a French buccaneer, admiral, and colonial administrator who served throughout the Atlantic World during the 17th and 18th centuries. Likely born August 2, 1646, in Saubusse, near Pau , to a Huguenot family, du Casse joined the French merchant marine and served in the East India Company and the slave-trading Compagnie du Sénégal. Later, he joined the French Navy and took part in several victorious expeditions during the War of the League of Augsburg in the West Indies and Spanish South America. During the War of the Spanish Succession, he participated in several key naval battles, including the Battle of Málaga and the siege of Barcelona. For his service, he was made a knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece by King Philip V of Spain. In the midst of these wars, he was Governor of the colony of Saint-Domingue from 1691-1703. He ended his military career at the rank of Lieutenant General of the naval forces and Commander of the Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis. He died on June 25, 1715 in Bourbon-l'Archambault, Auvergne
1672 Johann Jakob Scheuchzer a Swiss scholar born at Zürich.
1674 Philippe II Duke of Orléans a member of the royal family of France and served as Regent of the Kingdom from 1715 to 1723. Born at his father's palace at Saint-Cloud, he was known from birth under the title of Duke of Chartres. His father was Louis XIV's younger brother Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, known as Monsieur; his mother was Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate
1696 Mahmud I the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1730 to 1754.
1702 Dietrich of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania and later regent of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau. He was also a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall
1726 Joseph Emin a prominent figure of the Armenian national liberation movement who travelled to various European countries and Russia in order to secure support for the liberation of Armenia from Persia and the Ottoman Empire. He married Thangoom-Khatoon in 1776, whose grave lies next to his
1740 Jean Baptiste Camille Canclaux a French general during the French Revolution, a commander in chief, and a pair de France.
1751 Jan Pieter van Suchtelen born in the Netherlands, and was a general in the Russian army during the Russo-Swedish War. In 1812 Suchtelen was the plenipotentiary for Russian Emperor Alexander I in Orebro where he negotiated and signed the Treaty of Orebro which brought to an end the Anglo–Russian War. In that treaty his titles included "general of engineers, quarter-master general, member of the council of state"
1754 Pierre Charles L'Enfant a French-born American architect and civil engineer best known for designing the layout of the streets of Washington, D.C., the L'Enfant Plan.
1770 Pierre Dumanoir le Pelley a French Navy officer, best known for commanding the vanguard of the French fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar.
1772 Louis Antoine Duke of Enghien a relative of the Bourbon monarchs of France. More famous for his death than for his life, he was executed on trumped-up charges of aiding Britain and plotting against France. Royalty across Europe were shocked and dismayed, and never again trusted Napoleon. Tsar Alexander I of Russia was especially alarmed, and decided to curb Napoleon's power
1775 William Henry Ireland an English forger of would-be Shakespearean documents and plays. He is less well known as a poet, writer of gothic novels and histories. Although he was apparently christened William-Henry, he was known as Samuel through much of his life , and many sources list his name as Samuel William Henry Ireland
1776 Friedrich Stromeyer a German chemist. Stromeyer received an MD degree from the University of Göttingen in 1800, studying under Johann Friedrich Gmelin and Louis Nicolas Vauquelin. He was then a professor at the university, and also served as an inspector of apothecaries
1783 Sulpiz Boisserée a German art collector and art historian. With his brother Melchior he formed a collection that ultimately formed the basis of that of the Alte Pinakothek. He played a key role in the completion of Cologne Cathedral
1788 Leopold Gmelin a German chemist. Gmelin was professor at the University of Heidelberg among other things, he worked on the red prussiate and created Gmelin's test
1789 Heinrich von Brandt a Prussian general and military author.
1796 Peter von Meyendorff a Russian diplomat from the Meyendorff family. From 1850 to 1854, he was Russian ambassador to Austria
1797 Amédée Simon Dominique Thierry the younger brother of Augustin.
1798 Luis Fernández de Córdova a Spanish military general, diplomat and first Marquis of Mendigorria.
1798 Gabrio Casati an Italian politician, born in Milan.
1799 Karl Ludwig Philipp Zeyher a botanical and insect collector who collected extensively in South Africa. He was the author, with Christian Friedrich Ecklon, of Enumeratio Plantarum Africae Australis , a descriptive catalogue of South African plants
1802 Nicholas Wiseman a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who became the first Archbishop of Westminster upon the re-establishment of the Catholic hierarchy in England and Wales in 1850.
1815 Adolf Friedrich von Schack a German poet, historian of literature and art collector.
1820 John Tyndall a prominent 19th century physicist. His initial scientific fame arose in the 1850s from his study of diamagnetism. Later he made discoveries in the realms of infrared radiation and the physical properties of air. Tyndall also published more than a dozen science books which brought state-of-the-art 19th century experimental physics to a wide audience. From 1853 to 1887 he was professor of physics at the Royal Institution of Great Britain in London
1824 Princess Francisca of Brazil a princess of the Empire of Brazil. She was a daughter of Emperor Dom Pedro I, who also reigned as King Dom Pedro IV of Portugal, and his first wife Dona Maria Leopoldina. She married a son of Louis Philippe I and had three children. Through her only surviving daughter, she is an ancestor of Prince Henri, Count of Paris, the present Orléanist pretender to the French throne
1829 Felix Philipp Kanitz an Austro-Hungarian naturalist, geographer, ethnographer, archaeologist and author of travel notes.
1831 Wilhelm von Christ a German classical scholar.
1832 Alexander Nikolayevich Engelhardt a Russian military officer, agricultural scientist and publicist of Narodnik orientation.
1834 Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi best known for designing the Statue of Liberty.
1835 Moses Coit Tyler an American author and professor of American history.
1835 Elisha Gray an American electrical engineer who co-founded the Western Electric Manufacturing Company. Gray is best known for his development of a telephone prototype in 1876 in Highland Park, Illinois. He is considered by some to be the true inventor of the variable resistance telephone, despite losing out to Alexander Graham Bell for the telephone patent
1842 Vladimir Kovalevsky (paleontologist) about the Russian paleontologist. For other people named Vladimir Kovalevsky, see Kovalevsky
1846 Lucy Clifford better known as Mrs. K. Clifford, was a British novelist and journalist, and the wife of William Kingdon Clifford
1849 Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1849–1882) a Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and titular Duchess consort of Parma as wife to Robert I, Duke of Parma. Maria Pia was the daughter of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Theresa of Austria. Maria Pia was forced into exile along with the rest of her family after the unification of Italy in 1861
1854 Eugène Ruffy a Swiss politician.
1854 Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg (1854–98) the wife of Prince Albert of Prussia, Regent for the duchy of Brunswick.
1854 Francis Marion Crawford an American writer noted for his many novels, especially those set in Italy, and for his classic weird and fantastic stories.
1855 Cornélie van Zanten a Dutch opera singer, singing teacher and author.