Died on August 2

257 Pope Stephen I the bishop of Rome from 12 May 254 to his death in 257. Of Roman birth but of Greek ancestry, he became bishop after serving as archdeacon of Pope Lucius I, who appointed Stephen his successor
640 Pope Severinus Pope from 28 May to his death in 640. He became caught up in a power struggle with the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius over the ongoing Monothelite controversy
686 Pope John V Pope from 12 July 685 to his death in 686. He was the first pope of the Byzantine Papacy allowed to be consecrated by the Byzantine Emperor without prior consent, and the first in a line of ten consecutive popes of Eastern origin. His papacy was marked by reconciliation between the city of Rome and the Empire
713 Princess Taiping a princess of the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty and her mother Wu Zetian's Zhou Dynasty. She was the youngest daughter of Wu Zetian and Emperor Gaozong and was powerful during the reigns of her mother and her elder brothers Emperor Zhongzong and Emperor Ruizong , particularly during Emperor Ruizong's second reign
924 Ælfweard of Wessex the second son of Edward the Elder, the eldest born to his second wife Ælfflæd.
1058 Judith of Schweinfurt a Duchess of Bohemia.
1079 Roman Svyatoslavich prince of Tmutarakan in Kievan Rus'. The starting year of his reign is uncertain, but he reigned his principality from around 1073 or 1077. His former allies, the Cumans killed him after their unsuccessful joint campaign against his uncle, Vsevolod I of Kiev
1100 William II of England King of England from 1087 until 1100, with powers over Normandy, and influence in Scotland. He was less successful in extending control into Wales. William is commonly known as William Rufus or William the Red, perhaps because of his red-faced appearance
1316 Louis of Burgundy a younger son of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy and Agnes of France.
1322 Yolande of Dreux Queen of Scotland Countess of Montfort in her own right. Through her first marriage to Alexander III of Scotland, Yolande became Queen consort of the Kingdom of Scotland. Through her second marriage to Arthur II, Duke of Brittany, she became Duchess Consort of Brittany. She was the daughter of Robert IV, Count of Dreux, and Beatrice, Countess of Montfort
1332 Christopher II of Denmark king of Denmark from 1320 to 1326 and again from 1329 until his death. He was son of Eric His name is connected with national disaster, as his rule ended in an almost total dissolution of the Danish state
1445 Oswald von Wolkenstein a poet, composer and diplomat. In the latter capacity, he traveled through much of Europe, even as far as Georgia , and was inducted into the Order of the Dragon. He lived for a time in Seis am Schlern
1451 Elisabeth Duchess of Luxembourg Duchess regnant of Luxembourg from 1411 to 1443.
1511 Andrew Barton (privateer) Sir Andrew Barton , Scottish sailor from Leith, served as High Admiral of the Kingdom of Scotland.
1512 Alessandro Achillini an Italian philosopher and physician.
1546 Peter Faber the first Jesuit priest and theologian, who was also a co-founder of the Society of Jesus. Pope Francis announced his canonization on 17 December 2013
1552 Basil Fool for Christ a Russian Orthodox saint of the type known as yurodivy or "holy fool for Christ".
1589 Henry III of France a monarch of the House of Valois who was elected the monarch of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1573 to 1575 and ruled as King of France from 1574 until his death. He was the last French monarch of the Valois dynasty
1611 Katō Kiyomasa a Japanese daimyō of the Azuchi-Momoyama and Edo period.
1644 Bernardo Strozzi a prominent and prolific Italian Baroque painter born and active mainly in Genoa, and also active in Venice.
1667 Francesco Borromini an Italian architect born in today's Ticino who, with his contemporaries Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Pietro da Cortona, was a leading figure in the emergence of Roman Baroque architecture.
1691 Frederick I Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. He was the fourth but eldest surviving son of Ernst I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Altenburg and Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg
1696 Robert Campbell of Glenlyon best known as one of the commanding officers at the Massacre of Glencoe.
1719 Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł (1669–1719) a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic.
1728 Stanisław Ernest Denhoff a Polish noble , Grand Master of the Hunt of Lithuania , Grand Chorąży of the Crown , voivode of Połock , politician and a military commander.
1769 Daniel Finch 8th Earl of Winchilsea a British politician. Styled Lord Finch until 1730, he was the eldest son of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham and his second wife Anne Hatton, daughter of Christopher Hatton, 1st Viscount Hatton. His father was a prominent Tory politician who had been one of the few leading Tories to actively support the Hanoverian succession
1776 Louis François Prince of Conti a French nobleman, who was the Prince of Conti from 1727 to his death, following his father Louis Armand His mother was Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon, a natural granddaughter of Louis XIV. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a Prince du Sang
1788 Thomas Gainsborough an English portrait and landscape painter.
1798 Aristide Aubert Du Petit Thouars a French naval officer, and a hero of the Battle of Aboukir, where he died.
1799 Douglas Hamilton 8th Duke of Hamilton a Scottish peer.
1809 Joseph Emin a prominent figure of the Armenian national liberation movement who travelled to various European countries and Russia in order to secure support for the liberation of Armenia from Persia and the Ottoman Empire. He married Thangoom-Khatoon in 1776, whose grave lies next to his
1810 Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a German duchess.
1815 Guillaume Brune a French soldier and political figure who rose to Marshal of France.
1823 Lazare Carnot a French politician, engineer, and mathematician.
1836 Carlos Frederico Lecor Viscount of Laguna a Portuguese general and politician. He was the first Baron of Laguna, in Portugal, and later ascended to Viscount of Laguna, in Brazil
1849 Muhammad Ali of Egypt an Ottoman Albanian commander in the Ottoman army, who became Wāli, and self-declared Khedive of Egypt and Sudan with the Ottoman's temporary approval. Though not a modern nationalist, he is regarded as the founder of modern Egypt because of the dramatic reforms in the military, economic and cultural spheres that he instituted. He also ruled Levantine territories outside Egypt. The dynasty that he established would rule Egypt and Sudan until the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 led by Muhammad Naguib
1854 Heinrich Clauren a German author.
1859 Horace Mann an American education reformer. As a politician, he served in the Massachusetts State Legislature. In 1848, after serving as Secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education since its creation, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives. Historian Ellwood Cubberley asserts:
1874 Otto Friedrich Theodor von Möller a Russian artist of Baltic German descent.
1876 Wild Bill Hickok James Butler Hickok —known as "Wild Bill" Hickok—was a folk character of the American Old West. Although some of his exploits as reported at the time were fictionalized, his skills as a gunfighter and gambler, along with his reputation as a lawman, provided the basis for his enduring fame. Born and raised on a farm in rural Illinois, Hickok went west at age 18 as a fugitive from justice, first working as a stagecoach driver, then as a lawman in the frontier territories of Kansas and Nebraska. He fought for the Union Army during the American Civil War, and gained publicity after the war as a scout, marksman, actor, and professional gambler. Hickok was involved in several notable shootouts. He was shot from behind and killed while playing poker in a saloon in Deadwood, Dakota Territory by an unsuccessful gambler. The card hand he held at the time of his death has come to be known as the "Dead Man's Hand"
1876 Julius Leopold Klein a German writer of Jewish origin born at Miskolc, Hungary.
1877 Karl Friedrich von Steinmetz a German Generalfeldmarschall, born at Eisenach.
1881 Marcus Clarke an Australian novelist and poet, best known for his novel For the Term of His Natural Life.
1883 Pierre Auguste Cot a French painter of the Academic Classicism school.
1889 Eduardo Gutiérrez an Argentine writer. His works of gauchoesque nature acquired great popularity, specially Juan Moreira, a novel successfully adapted to the stage in 1884 that popularized the gaucho as a protagonist in Argentine theatre
1890 Louise-Victorine Ackermann a French poet.
1895 Joseph Thomson (explorer) a Scottish geologist and explorer who played an important part in the Scramble for Africa. Thomson's Gazelle is named for him. Excelling as an explorer rather than an exact scientist, he avoided confrontations among his porters or with indigenous peoples, neither killing any native nor losing any of his men to violence. His motto is often quoted to be "He who goes gently, goes safely; he who goes safely, goes far."
1897 Adam Asnyk a Polish poet and dramatist of the Positivist era. Born in Kalisz to a noble szlachta family, he was educated to become an heir of his family's estate. As such he received education at the Institute of Agriculture and Forestry in Marymont and then the Medical Surgeon School in Warsaw. He continued his studies abroad in Breslau, Paris and Heidelberg. In 1862 he returned to Congress Poland and took part in the January Uprising as a freedom fighter against the country's occupation by Russian troops. Because of that he had to flee the Tsarstvo and settled in Heidelberg, where in 1866 he received a doctorate of philosophy. Soon afterwards he returned to Poland and settled in the Austrian-held part of the country, initially in Lwów and then in Kraków
1898 Edward Aveling a prominent English biology instructor and popular spokesman for Darwinian evolution, atheism, and socialism.
1903 Eduard Magnus Jakobson an Estonian wood engraver and a Baptist missionary. He illustrated many books and designed the masthead logo for Sakala, a newspaper founded by his older brother, Carl Robert Jakobson