August 2 events in history

461 Majorian is arrested near Tortona (Northern Italy) and deposed by the Suebian general Ricimer as puppet emperor
1343 Olivier de Clisson is found guilty of treason and beheaded at Les Halles in Paris. As a result, his wife, Jeanne de Clisson, sold their holding, bought a fleet of ships, and took to the sea as a pirate to seek revenge against the French King and nobility
1377 Russian troops are defeated in the Battle on Pyana River
1610 Henry Hudson sails into what is now known as Hudson Bay thinking he had made it through the Northwest Passage and reached the Pacific Ocean
1776 The signing of the United States Declaration of Independence took place
1790 The first United States Census is conducted
1798 French Revolutionary Wars: the Battle of the Nile concludes in a British victory
1830 Charles X of France abdicates the throne in favor of his grandson Henri
1869 Japan's samurai, farmer, artisan, merchant class system (Shinōkōshō) is abolished as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms. (Traditional Japanese date: June 25, 1869)
1870 Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London, England, United Kingdom
1873 The Clay Street Hill Railroad begins operating the first cable car in San Francisco's famous cable car system
1897 Anglo-Afghan War: The Siege of Malakand ends when a relief column is able to reach the British garrison in the Malakand states adjacent to India's North West Frontier Province
1903 Fall of the Ottoman Empire: an unsuccessful uprising led by the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization against Ottoman Turkey, also known as the Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising, takes place
1916 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto
1918 Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I
1918 The first general strike in Canadian history takes place in Vancouver
1922 A typhoon hits Shantou, Republic of China killing more than 50,000 people
1923 As vice president, Calvin Coolidge becomes the 30th President of the United States after the death of Warren G. Harding
1932 The positron (antiparticle of the electron) is discovered by Carl D. Anderson
1934 Gleichschaltung: Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany following the death of President Paul von Hindenburg
1937 The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, the effect of which is to render marijuana and all its by-products illegal
1939 Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd write a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, urging him to begin the Manhattan Project to develop a nuclear weapon
1943 Rebellion in the Nazi death camp of Treblinka
1943 World War II: the Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109 is rammed by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri and sinks. Lt. John F. Kennedy, future U.S. President, saves all but two of his crew
1944 ASNOM: birth of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, celebrated as Day of the Republic in the Republic of Macedonia
1944 World War II: The largest trade convoy of the world wars arrives safely in the Western Approaches
1947 A British South American Airways Avro Lancastrian airliner crashes into a mountain during a flight from Buenos Aires, Argentina to Santiago, Chile. The wreckage would not be found for over 50 years
1964 Vietnam War: Gulf of Tonkin incident – North Vietnamese gunboats allegedly fire on the U.S. destroyer USS Maddox
1968 An earthquake hits Casiguran, Aurora, Philippines killing more than 270 people and wounding 261
1973 A flash fire kills 51 at the Summerland amusement centre at Douglas, Isle of Man
1985 Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar crashes at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport killing 137
1989 Pakistan is re-admitted to the Commonwealth of Nations after having restored democracy for the first time since 1972
1990 Iraq invades Kuwait, eventually leading to the Gulf War
1998 The Second Congo War begins