Died on August 20

2 Lucius Caesar the second son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder. He was born between 14 of June and 15 July 17 BC with the name Lucius Vipsanius Agrippa, but when he was adopted by his maternal grandfather Roman Emperor Caesar Augustus, his name was changed to Lucius Julius Caesar. In the year of his birth, his maternal grandfather Caesar Augustus adopted him and his brother Gaius Caesar. He and his brother were raised and educated by their grandparents
651 Oswine of Deira a King of Deira in northern England.
768 Eadberht of Northumbria king of Northumbria from 737 or 738 to 758. He was the brother of Ecgbert, Archbishop of York. His reign is seen as a return to the imperial ambitions of seventh-century Northumbria and may represent a period of economic prosperity. He faced internal opposition from rival dynasties and at least two actual or potential rivals were killed during his reign. In 758 he abdicated in favour of his son Oswulf and became a monk at York
984 Pope John XIV Pope from December 983 to his death in 984. He was the successor to Pope Benedict VII
997 Conrad I Duke of Swabia Duke of Swabia from 983 until 997. His appointment as duke marked the return of Conradine rule over Swabia for the first time since 948
1097 Albert Azzo II Margrave of Milan a powerful nobleman in the Holy Roman Empire. He is considered the founder of Casa d'Este , having been head of the first family to be master of Este, a town of Padua
1153 Bernard of Clairvaux a French abbot and the primary builder of the reforming Cistercian order.
1158 Rögnvald Kali Kolsson an Earl of Orkney and a Norwegian saint.
1260 Jaromar II Prince of Rügen a Danish nobleman. He was the ruling Prince of Rügen from 1249 until his death
1297 Walram Count of Jülich the second son of William IV, Count of Jülich and Richardis of Guelders, daughter of Gerard III, Count of Guelders.
1384 Geert Groote a Dutch Roman Catholic deacon, who was a popular preacher and the founder of the Brethren of the Common Life. He was a key figure in the Devotio Moderna movement
1396 Marsilius of Inghen a medieval Dutch Scholastic philosopher who studied with Albert of Saxony and Nicole Oresme under Jean Buridan. He was Magister at the University of Paris as well as at the University of Heidelberg from 1386 to 1396
1456 Vladislav II of Wallachia a ruler of the principality of Wallachia, from 1447 to 1448, and again from 1448 to 1456.
1484 Ippolita Maria Sforza a member of the powerful Italian condottieri Sforza family which ruled the Duchy of Milan from 1450 until 1535. She was the first wife of Alfonso, Duke of Calabria, who later reigned as King Alfonso II of Naples
1504 Ruprecht of the Palatinate (Bishop of Freising) the third son of Philip, Elector Palatine of the House of Wittelsbach and he was Bishop of Freising from 1495 to 1498.
1528 Georg von Frundsberg a South German military and Landsknecht leader in the service of the Imperial House of Habsburg. An early modern proponent of infantry tactics, he established his reputation in active service during the Italian Wars under Emperor Maximilian I and his successor Charles V
1572 Miguel López de Legazpi a Basque Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East Indies when his expedition crossed the Pacific Ocean from the Viceroyalty of New Spain in modern-day Mexico, and founded Cebu on the Philippine Islands in 1565. He was the first Governor-General of Spanish East Indies which included the Philippines and other Pacific archipelagos, namely Guam and the Marianas Islands. After obtaining peace with various indigenous nations and kingdoms, Miguel López de Legazpi made Manila the capital of the Spanish East Indies in 1571. The capital of the province of Albay in the Philippines, Legazpi City bears his name
1580 Jerónimo Osório a Portuguese historian.
1639 Martin Opitz a German poet, regarded as the greatest of that nation during his lifetime.
1648 Edward Herbert 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury an Anglo-Welsh soldier, diplomat, historian, poet and religious philosopher of the Kingdom of England.
1651 Jeremi Wiśniowiecki a notable member of the aristocracy of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Prince of Wiśniowiec, Łubnie and Chorol in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the father of the future King of Poland, Michael I.
1672 Cornelis de Witt a Dutch politician.
1672 Johan de Witt a key figure in Dutch politics in the mid-17th century, when its flourishing sea trade in a period of globalization made the United Provinces a leading European power during the Dutch Golden Age. De Witt controlled the Netherlands political system from around 1650 until shortly before his death in 1672 working with various factions from nearly all the major cities, especially his hometown, Dordrecht, and the city of birth of his wife, Amsterdam. As a republican he opposed the House of Orange and, along with his brother Cornelis de Witt, was murdered by Orangists
1680 William Bedloe an English fraudster and informer.
1701 Sir Charles Sedley 5th Baronet an English wit, dramatist and politician, ending his career as Speaker of the House of Commons.
1707 Nicolas Gigault a French Baroque organist and composer. Born into poverty, he quickly rose to fame and high reputation among fellow musicians. His surviving works include the earliest examples of noëls and a volume of works representative of the 1650–1675 style of the French organ school
1720 John Leake an English flag officer and politician during the later seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Leake, a full admiral, served in the House of Commons from 1708 to 1715
1762 Shah Waliullah an Islamic scholar, reformer and founder of modern Islamic thought who attempted to reassess Islamic theology in the light of modern changes. He had spent time at Mecca with Muhammad_ibn_Abd_al-Wahhab who started the Wahhabism philosophy and its implementation along with Saudi monarchs. Shah Waliullah influenced enough people with Wahabi philosophy so that its counterpart in indian subcontinent was created at Deoband. Which now is the Islamic school of Darul_Uloom_Deoband
1773 Enrique Flórez a Spanish historian.
1782 Prince Alfred of Great Britain a member of the British Royal Family as the 14th child and ninth son of King George III and his queen consort Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Alfred became ill after his inoculation against the smallpox virus; his early death at the age of nearly two, along with the demise of his brother Prince Octavius six months later, was a shock to their parents. In his later bouts of madness King George would have imagined conversations with both of his youngest sons
1785 Jean-Baptiste Pigalle a French sculptor.
1813 Johann Baptist Wanhal an important Czech classical music composer. He was born in Nechanice, Bohemia, and died in Vienna
1821 Dorothea von Medem born a Gräfin of the noble German Baltic Medem family and later became Duchess of Courland. Popularly known as Dorothea of Courland after her marriage to Peter von Biron, the last Duke of Courland, she hosted an aristocratic salon in Berlin and performed various diplomatic duties on behalf of her estranged husband
1823 Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus now published as the Brockhaus encyclopedia.
1823 Pope Pius VII born Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, reigned from 14 March 1800 to his death in 1823. Chiaramonti was also a monk, theologian, and bishop throughout his life. When he joined his religious order in 1756 he took the name of Gregorio
1825 William Waldegrave 1st Baron Radstock the Governor of Newfoundland and an Admiral in the Royal Navy.
1830 Vasily Pushkin a minor Russian poet best known as an uncle of the much more famous Alexander Pushkin.
1836 Agnes Bulmer a English poet. She is believed to have written the longest epic poem ever written by a woman. The piece, Messiah's Kingdom, took over nine years to complete
1836 Solomon Dodashvili a Georgian philosopher, journalist, historian, grammarian, belletrist and enlightener.
1849 Pavel Chichagov a Russian military and naval commander of the Napoleonic wars.
1854 Shiranui Dakuemon a sumo wrestler from Uto, Kumamoto, Japan. He was the sport's 8th yokozuna. He was the coach of Shiranui Kōemon
1854 Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling a German philosopher. Standard histories of philosophy make him the midpoint in the development of German idealism, situating him between Johann Gottlieb Fichte, his mentor in his early years, and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, his former university roommate, early friend, and later rival. Interpreting Schelling's philosophy is regarded as difficult because of its apparently ever-changing nature
1862 Javiera Carrera a member of one of the most aristocratic Chilean families, the Carrera family of Basque origin, who actively participated in the Chilean War of Independence. Together with her brothers José Miguel, Juan José and Luis, they were some of most important leaders of the early Chilean struggle for independence during the period known as the Patria Vieja. She is credited with having sewn the first national flag of Chile and is considered to be the "Mother of Chile"
1872 Dimitrie Bolintineanu a Romanian poet , diplomat, politician, and a participant in the revolution of 1848. He was of Macedonian Aromanian origins. His many poems, of nationalist overtone, fueled emotions during the unification of Wallachia and Moldavia
1875 Chan Heung the founder of the Choy Li Fut 蔡李佛 martial arts system.
1882 Fyodor Litke a Russian navigator, geographer, and Arctic explorer. He became a count in 1866, and an admiral in 1855. He was a Corresponding Member , Honorable Member , and President of the Russian Academy of Science in St.Petersburg. He was also an Honorable Member of many other Russian and foreign scientific establishments, and a Corresponding Member of the French Academy of Science in Paris
1887 Jules Laforgue a Franco-Uruguayan poet, often referred to as a Symbolist poet. Critics and commentators have also pointed to Impressionism as a direct influence and his poetry has been called "part-symbolist, part-impressionist"
1888 William Chappell (writer) an English writer on music, a partner in the London musical firms of Chappell & and later, Cramer & Co.
1891 Franz Brünnow a German astronomer.
1893 Alexander Wassilko von Serecki an Austro-Hungarian-born ethnic Romanian statesman, Governor of the Duchy of Bucovina and member of the Herrenhaus, the Upper House of the Imperial Council of Austria.