August 22 events in history

392 Arbogast has Eugenius elected Western Roman Emperor
476 Odoacer is named Rex italiae by his troops
565 Columba reports seeing a monster in Loch Ness, Scotland
851 Battle of Jengland: Erispoe defeats Charles the Bald near the Breton town of Jengland
1138 Battle of the Standard between Scotland and England
1485 The Battle of Bosworth Field, the death of Richard III and the end of the House of Plantagenet
1559 Bartolomé Carranza, Spanish archbishop, is arrested for heresy
1639 Madras (now Chennai), India, is founded by the British East India Company on a sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers
1642 Charles I calls the English Parliament traitors. The English Civil War begins
1654 Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam. He is the first known Jewish immigrant to America
1711 Ships from British Admiral Hovenden Walker's Quebec Expedition founders on rocks at the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River
1717 Spanish troops land on Sardinia
1770 James Cook names and lands on Possession Island, Queensland and claims the east coast of Australia as New South Wales in the name of King George III
1777 American Revolutionary War: British forces abandon the Siege of Fort Stanwix after hearing rumors of Continental Army reinforcements
1780 James Cook's ship HMS Resolution returns to England (Cook having been killed on Hawaii during the voyage)
1791 Beginning of the Haitian Slave Revolution in Saint-Domingue
1798 French troops land in Kilcummin harbour, County Mayo, Ireland to aid Wolfe Tone's United Irishmen's Irish Rebellion
1827 José de la Mar becomes President of Peru
1831 Nat Turner's slave rebellion commences just after midnight in Southampton County, Virginia, leading to the deaths of more than 50 whites and several hundred African Americans who are killed in retaliation for the uprising
1846 The Second Federal Republic of Mexico is established
1848 The United States annexes New Mexico
1849 The first air raid in history. Austria launches pilotless balloons against the city of Venice
1851 The first America's Cup is won by the yacht America
1864 Twelve nations sign the First Geneva Convention
1875 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands
1902 Cadillac Motor Company is founded
1902 Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to ride in an automobile
1910 Korea is annexed by Japan with the signing of the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, beginning a period of Japanese rule of Korea that lasted until the end of World War II
1922 Michael Collins, Commander-in-chief of the Irish Free State Army, is shot dead during an Anti-Treaty ambush at Béal na Bláth, County Cork, during the Irish Civil War
1932 The BBC first experiments with television broadcasting. (See also Timeline of the BBC.)
1934 Bill Woodfull of Australia becomes the only cricket captain to twice regain The Ashes
1941 World War II: German troops reach Leningrad, leading to the siege of Leningrad
1942 World War II: Brazil declares war on Germany and Italy
1944 World War II: Romania is captured by the Soviet Union
1944 World War II: Holocaust of Kedros in Crete by German forces
1949 Queen Charlotte earthquake: Canada's largest earthquake since the 1700 Cascadia earthquake
1950 Althea Gibson becomes the first black competitor in international tennis
1952 The penal colony on Devil's Island is permanently closed
1961 Ida Siekmann dies attempting to cross the Berlin Wall
1962 An attempt to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle fails
1963 American Joe Walker in an X-15 test plane reaches an altitude of 106 km (66 mi)
1966 Labor movements NFWA and AWOC merge to become the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC), predecessor of the United Farm Workers
1968 Pope Paul VI arrives in Bogotá, Colombia. It is the first visit of a pope to Latin America
1971 J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of the Camden 28
1972 Rhodesia is expelled by the IOC for its racist policies
1973 The Congress of Chile votes in favour of a resolution condemning President Salvador Allende's government and demands him to resign or else be unseated through force and new elections be called. The first demand is executed eighteen days later in a bloody coup d'etat, commencing 17 years of military rule
1978 The Sandinista National Liberation Front (FLSN) occupies national palace in Nicaragua
1984 PC Brian Bishop a British police officer is shot in the head by an armed robber in Frinton-on-Sea, Essex. He dies from his injuries five days later
1985 Manchester Air Disaster sees 55 people killed when a fire breaks out on a commercial aircraft at Manchester Airport
1989 Nolan Ryan strikes out Rickey Henderson to become the first Major League Baseball pitcher to record 5,000 strikeouts