Died on August 23

30 Caesarion the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, who reigned jointly with his mother Cleopatra VII of Egypt, from September 2, 44 Between the death of Cleopatra, on August 12, 30 BC, up to his own death on August 23, 30 BC, he was nominally the sole pharaoh. He was killed on the orders of Octavian, who would become the Roman emperor Augustus. He was the eldest son of Cleopatra VII, and possibly the only son of Julius Caesar, after whom he was named
93 Gnaeus Julius Agricola a Gallo-Roman general responsible for much of the Roman conquest of Britain. Written by his son-in-law Tacitus, the De vita et moribus Iulii Agricolae is the primary source for most of what is known about him, along with detailed archaeological evidence from northern Britain
1106 Magnus Duke of Saxony the duke of Saxony from 1072 to 1106. Eldest son and successor of Ordulf and Wulfhild of Norway, he was the last member of the House of Billung
1176 Emperor Rokujō the 79th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1165 through 1168
1305 William Wallace a Scottish landowner who became one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence.
1371 Guy I Count of Ligny Count of Saint-Pol and Count of Ligny, Lord of Roussy and Beauvoir.
1387 Olaf II of Denmark king of Denmark as Olaf II and king of Norway as Olaf Olaf was son of King Haakon VI of Norway and the grandson of King Magnus IV of Sweden. His mother was Queen Margaret I of Denmark which made him the grandson of King Valdemar IV of Denmark. In addition to his claim on the thrones of Denmark and later Norway, he was in the direct succession line to the throne of Sweden
1476 Catherine of Saxony Electress of Brandenburg a princess of Saxony by birth and Electress of Brandenburg by marriage.
1478 Yolande of Valois a Duchess consort of Savoy. She was a daughter of King Charles VII of France, "The Victorious," and Marie of Anjou. She married Duke Amadeus IX of Savoy in 1452. She was named after her grandmother, Yolande of Aragon. She is sometimes known as Yolande of France. Yolande acted as regent of Savoy in 1472-78
1498 Isabella of Aragon Queen of Portugal a Queen consort of Portugal and heiress presumptive of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile as their eldest daughter. Her younger sisters were Catherine, Queen of England, Queen Joanna I of Castile, and Maria, Queen of Portugal
1507 Jean Molinet a French poet, chronicler, and composer. He is best remembered for his prose translation of Roman de la rose
1510 Ulrich Gering came from Beromünster in the diocese of Constance. He was one of three partners to establish the first printing press in France
1519 Philibert Berthelier (Geneva patriot) a Swiss patriot, an uncompromising enemy of the Duke of Savoy in his ambition to lord it over Geneva.
1540 Guillaume Budé a French scholar.
1591 Luis de León Ponce de León, O.E.S.A. was a Spanish lyric poet, Augustinian friar, theologian and academic, active during the Spanish Golden Age
1615 François de Joyeuse a French churchman and politician.
1618 Gerbrand Adriaenszoon Bredero a Dutch poet and playwright in the period known as the Dutch Golden Age.
1628 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham the favourite, claimed by some to be the lover, of King James I of England. Despite a very patchy political and military record, he remained at the height of royal favour for the first three years of the reign of Charles I, until he was assassinated
1641 John Leslie 6th Earl of Rothes a Scottish nobleman, one of the main leaders of the Covenanters.
1652 John Byron 1st Baron Byron an English Royalist and supporter of Charles I during the English Civil War.
1661 Tokugawa Yorifusa a Japanese daimyo of the early Edo period.
1706 Edward Nott a British Colonial Governor of Virginia. He was appointed by Queen Anne on either April 25, 1705 or August 15, 1705. His administration lasted only one year, as he died in 1706 at the age of 49. He is interred at Bruton Parish Church in Williamsburg, Virginia. He is noted as having been a "mild, benevolent man."
1723 Jean-Antoine de Mesmes a Parisian magistrate and member of the Académie française.
1723 Increase Mather a major figure in the early history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Province of Massachusetts Bay. He was a Puritan minister who was involved with the government of the colony, the administration of Harvard College, and most notoriously, the Salem witch trials. He was the son of Richard Mather, and the father of Cotton Mather, both influential Puritan ministers
1732 Felice Boselli an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active mainly in Piacenza. He was not the pupil of Giuseppe Nuvolone, the son of Panfilo, as some have stated, but instead of Giuseppe's brother, Michelangelo Nuvolone. In that studio, he met the still-life painter Angelo Maria Crivelli also called il Crivellone, who became influential in his style. He is known for still-life paintings of live and dead game, including animals, birds, and fish
1735 Matija Zmajević admiral of the Baltic Fleet and the shipbuilder of the famous Russian Tsar Peter I the Great, and for whom he built a fleet in Voronezh.
1771 Juan de Iriarte a Spanish writer, French and English translator in the Royal Chancery, Hellenist and latinist.
1777 Charles-Joseph Natoire a French painter in the Rococo manner, a pupil of François Lemoyne and director of the French Academy in Rome, 1751-1775. Considered during his lifetime the equal of François Boucher, he played a prominent role in the artistic life of France
1777 Celia Grillo Borromeo an Italian mathematician and scientist.
1791 Jeanne of Valois-Saint-Rémy dubious. She herself was an impoverished descendant of the Valois royal family through an illegitimate son of King Henry She is known for her prominent role in the Affair of the Diamond Necklace, one of many scandals that led to the French Revolution and destroyed the monarchy of France
1802 Corona Schröter a German musician best known as a singer. She also composed songs, setting texts by Friedrich Schiller and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe to music
1806 Charles-Augustin de Coulomb a French physicist. He was best known for developing Coulomb's law, the definition of the electrostatic force of attraction and repulsion, but also did important work on friction. The SI unit of electric charge, the coulomb, was named after him
1806 Johann Eleazar Zeissig a German genre, portrait and porcelain painter, and engraver; director of the Royal Academy of Arts in Dresden.
1811 Friedrich Wilhelm von Buxhoeveden a Russian infantry general and government official. Buxhoeveden commanded the Russian armies during the Finnish War
1812 Bernhard Erasmus von Deroy from the Electorate of the Palatinate became a noted general officer in the army of Bavaria. His military career began shortly after the start of the Seven Years' War. During the French Revolutionary Wars he first served on the side of the Coalition against the French revolutionaries, then fought as an ally of the First French Empire during the Napoleonic Wars. Deroy and his colleague, Karl Philipp von Wrede, were dominant personalities in the Bavarian military during the era of Napoleon Bonaparte
1812 Tethart Philipp Christian Haag a Dutch artist. He was born at Kassel in Germany
1813 Alexander Wilson a Scottish-American poet, ornithologist, naturalist, and illustrator. Identified by George Ord as the "Father of American Ornithology," Wilson is now regarded as the greatest American ornithologist before Audubon
1813 Ivan Essen a Russian lieutenant general and military governor of Riga at the start of the Patriotic War of 1812.
1819 Oliver Hazard Perry an American naval commander. Born in South Kingstown, Rhode Island, he was the son of USN Captain Christopher Raymond Perry and Sarah Wallace Alexander, and the older brother of Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry, who compelled the opening of Japan
1830 Frederick Ferdinand Duke of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince, Ascanian ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Pless and, from 1818, of the duchy of Anhalt-Köthen. He was the second son of Frederick Erdmann, Prince of Anhalt-Pless, and his wife, Louise Ferdinande, daughter of Henry Ernest, Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode
1831 Ferenc Kazinczy a Hungarian author, the most indefatigable agent in the regeneration of the Magyar language and literature at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century. His name is today connected to the extensive Language Reform of the 19th century, when thousands of words were coined or revived, enabling the Hungarian language to keep up with scientific progress and become an official language of the nation in 1844
1831 August Neidhardt von Gneisenau a Prussian field marshal. He was a prominent figure in the reform of the Prussian military and the War of Liberation
1832 Johann Georg Wagler a German herpetologist.
1845 Rafael Urdaneta a Venezuelan General who fought for independence during the Spanish American wars of independence.
1845 Amédée Louis Michel le Peletier comte de Saint-Fargeau a French entomologist, and specialist in the Hymenoptera.
1849 Edward Hicks an American folk painter and distinguished minister of the Society of Friends. He became a Quaker icon because of his paintings
1853 Čolak-Anta a Serbian revolutionary commander , one of the most important figures of the First Serbian Uprising. He was a military commander, Duke of the Kruševac province, and later in life, Chief Magistrate. Čolak-Anta fought under Grand Leader Karađorđe, and is the eponymous founder of the notable Čolak-Antić family
1853 Alexander Calder (Beaumont Texas) a New Yorker, became the first mayor of Beaumont, Texas, on August 8, 1840.
1857 Carl Ludwig Koch a German entomologist and arachnologist. He was responsible for classifying a great number of spiders, including the Brazilian whiteknee tarantula and Common house spider. He was born in Kusel, Germany and died in Nuremberg, Germany
1865 Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller an Austrian painter and writer. Waldmüller was one of the most important Austrian painters of the Biedermeier period