Born on August 24

1113 Geoffrey Plantagenet Count of Anjou the Count of Anjou, Touraine, and Maine by inheritance from 1129 and then Duke of Normandy by conquest from 1144. By his marriage to the Empress Matilda, daughter and heiress of Henry I of England, Geoffrey had a son, Henry Curtmantle, who succeeded to the English throne and founded the Plantagenet dynasty to which Geoffrey gave his nickname
1198 Alexander II of Scotland King of Scots from 1214 to his death.
1358 John I of Castile King of the Crown of Castile from 1379 until 1390. He was the son of Henry II and of his wife Juana Manuel of Castile. He was the last Spanish monarch to receive a formal coronation
1390 Otto I Count Palatine of Mosbach the Count Palatine of Mosbach from 1410 until 1448, and the Count Palatine of Mosbach-Neumarkt from 1448 until 1461.
1393 Arthur III Duke of Brittany Lord of Parthenay and titular Count of Richmond in England and for eleven months at the very end of his life, Duke of Brittany and Count of Montfort after inheriting those titles upon the death of his nephew.
1552 Lavinia Fontana an Italian painter. She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent
1556 Sophia Brahe a Danish horticulturalist and student of astronomy, chemistry, and medicine, best known for assisting her brother Tycho Brahe with his astronomical observations.
1561 Bartholomaeus Pitiscus a 16th-century German trigonometrist, astronomer and theologian who first coined the word Trigonometry.
1562 Chidiock Tichborne an English conspirator and poet.
1578 John Taylor (poet) an English poet who dubbed himself "The Water Poet".
1591 Robert Herrick (poet) a 17th-century English lyric poet and cleric. He is best known for his book of poems, Hesperides. This includes the carpe diem poem To the Virgins, To Make Much of Time, with the first line Gather ye rosebuds while ye may
1603 Abu al-Ghazi Bahadur a khan of the Khanate of Khiva from 1643 to 1663. He spent ten years in Persia before becoming khan, and was very well educated, writing two historical works in the Khiva dialect of the Chagatai language
1635 Peder Griffenfeld a Danish statesman.
1670 Louis Galloche a French painter. A student of Louis de Boullogne, his own students included François Lemoyne, Charles-Joseph Natoire and François Boucher
1698 Erik Pontoppidan a Danish author, bishop, historian and antiquary. He was educated in Fredericia , after which he was a private tutor in Norway, and then studied in Holland, and in London and Oxford, England. In 1721 he became informator of Frederick Carl of Carlstein , and two years later morning preacher in the castle and afternoon preacher in Nordborg. From 1726 to 1734 he was pastor at Hagenberg, where he so protected the pietists as to find it advisable to defend his course against the Lutherans with Dialogus; oder Unterredung Severi, Sinceri, und Simplicis von der Religion and Reinheit der Lehre and Heller Glaubensspiegel. During this same period he laid the foundation of his later topographical and historical works in Memoria Hafniæ ; Theatrum Daniæ ; and Kurzgefasste Reformationshistorie der dänischen Kirche. Pontoppidan became successively pastor in Hillerød and castle preacher in Frederiksborg , Danish court preacher at Copenhagen , professor extraordinary of theology at the University , and a member of the mission board , meanwhile writing his Everriculum fermenti veteris and Böse Sprichwörter
1707 Selina Hastings Countess of Huntingdon an English religious leader who played a prominent part in the religious revival of the 18th century and the Methodist movement in England and Wales, and has left a Christian denomination in England and in Sierra Leone in Africa.
1732 Peter Ernst Wilde a Baltic German physician and Enlightenment era Estophile.
1736 Stanisław Małachowski the first Prime Minister of Poland, a member of the Polish government's Permanent Council , Marshal of the Crown Courts of Justice from 1774, Crown Grand Referendary and Marshal of the Four-Year Sejm.
1750 Letizia Ramolino the mother of Napoleon I of France.
1753 Alexander Korsakov a Russian general remembered as an unlucky assistant to Alexander Suvorov during his Swiss expedition of 1799–1800.
1753 Louis Marie de La Révellière-Lépeaux a deputy to the National Convention during the French Revolution. He later served as a prominent leader of the French Directory
1755 Louis comte de Narbonne-Lara a French nobleman, soldier and diplomat.
1758 Thomas Picton a British Army officer who fought in a number of campaigns for Britain in the Napoleonic wars. According to the historian Alessandro Barbero, Picton was "respected for his courage and feared for his irascible temperament." The Duke of Wellington called him "a rough foul-mouthed devil", but very capable
1758 Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin a Princess and Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and by marriage Hereditary Princess of Denmark and Norway.
1759 William Wilberforce an English politician, philanthropist, and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. A native of Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, he began his political career in 1780, eventually becoming the independent Member of Parliament for Yorkshire. In 1785, he underwent a conversion experience and became an evangelical Christian, which resulted in major changes to his lifestyle and a lifelong concern for reform. In 1787, he came into contact with Thomas Clarkson and a group of anti-slave-trade activists, including Granville Sharp, Hannah More and Charles Middleton. They persuaded Wilberforce to take on the cause of abolition, and he soon became one of the leading English abolitionists. He headed the parliamentary campaign against the British slave trade for twenty-six years until the passage of the Slave Trade Act of 1807
1767 Bernhard Meyer a German physician and naturalist.
1772 William I of the Netherlands a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
1779 Dietrich Georg von Kieser a German physician born in Harburg.
1780 Ferdinand Jagemann a German painter.
1787 James Weddell a British sailor, navigator and seal hunter who in February of 1823 sailed to latitude of 74°15' S and into a region of the Southern Ocean that later became known as the Weddell Sea.
1791 Therese Grünbaum an Austrian soprano and opera singer.
1801 Alexander Postels a Baltic German of Russian citizenship naturalist, mineralogist and artist.
1805 Albrecht Gustav von Manstein a Prussian general who served during the Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-German War. He was the adoptive grandfather of Erich von Manstein
1807 Jules Verreaux a French botanist and ornithologist and a professional collector of and trader in natural history specimens. He was the brother of Edouard Verreaux and nephew of Pierre Antoine Delalande
1809 Thomas Drayton a plantation owner, politician, railroad president, and military officer from Charleston, South Carolina. He served in the United States Army and then as a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War
1810 Rudolf Kner an Austrian zoologist and ichthyologist.
1815 Bartolomé Calvo now Colombia, in 1861 in his role as Inspector General, because no elections were held on that year to the decide the presidency. He also served as Governor of Panama and Ambassador to Ecuador, and worked in a number of newspapers
1815 Evgenia Tur a Russian writer, critic, journalist and publisher. Her birth name was Elizaveta Vasilyevna Sukhovo-Kobylina. Her full married name was Countess Elizaveta Vasilyevna Salias De Tournemire. The playwright Aleksandr Sukhovo-Kobylin was her brother
1821 Princess Catherine of Württemberg a daughter of William I of Württemberg and Pauline Therese of Württemberg. She was the mother of William II of Württemberg
1821 Emanuele Muzio an Italian composer, conductor and vocal teacher. He was a lifelong friend and the only student of Giuseppe Verdi
1821 Amédée Mouchez a French naval officer who became director of the Paris Observatory and launched the ill-fated Carte du Ciel project in 1887.
1824 Antonio Stoppani an Italian Catholic priest, geologist and palaeontologist.
1826 George H. Steuart (brigadier general) a planter in Maryland and an American military officer; he served thirteen years in the United States Army before resigning his commission at the start of the American Civil War. He joined the Confederacy and rose to the rank of brigadier general in the Army of Northern Virginia. Nicknamed "Maryland" to avoid verbal confusion with Virginia cavalryman J.E.B. Stuart, Steuart unsuccessfully promoted the secession of Maryland before and during the conflict. He began the war as a captain of the 1st Maryland Infantry, CSA, and was promoted to colonel after the First Battle of Manassas
1831 Prince August Duke of Dalarna the youngest of the five children of King Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg.
1834 Frederick Benteen a military officer during the American Civil War and then during the Indian Campaigns and Great Sioux War against the Lakota and Northern Cheyenne. Benteen is best known for being in command of a battalion of the 7th S. Cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in late June, 1876
1837 Théodore Dubois a French composer, organist and music teacher.
1837 Adolf Wilbrandt a German novelist and dramatist.
1838 Prince Philippe Count of Paris the grandson of Louis Philippe I, King of the French. He was Comte de Paris, and was a claimant to the French throne from 1848 until his death
1839 Eduard Nápravník best known for his leading role in Russian musical life as the principal conductor of the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg for many decades. In that capacity, he conducted the premieres of many operas by Russian composers, including those by Mussorgsky, Tchaikovsky and Rimsky-Korsakov
1840 Ingeborg Bronsart von Schellendorf a Swedish-German composer.