August 24 events in history

79 Mount Vesuvius erupts. The cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae are buried in volcanic ash (note: this traditional date has been challenged, and many scholars believe that the event occurred on October 24)
410 The Visigoths under king Alaric I begin to pillage Rome
455 The Vandals, led by king Genseric, begin to plunder Rome. Pope Leo I requests Genseric not destroy the ancient city or murder its citizens. He agrees and the gates of Rome are opened. However, the Vandals loot a great amount of treasure
1185 Sack of Thessalonica by the Normans
1200 King John of England, signer of the first Magna Carta, marries Isabella of Angoulême in Bordeaux Cathedral
1215 Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid
1349 Six thousand Jews are killed in Mainz after being blamed for the bubonic plague
1391 Jews are massacred in Palma de Mallorca
1456 The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed
1482 The town and castle of Berwick upon Tweed is captured from Scotland by an English army
1516 The Ottoman Empire under Selim I defeats the Mamluk Sultanate and captures present-day Syria at the Battle of Marj Dabiq
1561 Willem of Orange marries duchess Anna of Saxony
1608 The first official English representative to India lands in Surat
1662 The Act of Uniformity requires England to accept the Book of Common Prayer
1682 William Penn receives the area that is now the state of Delaware, and adds it to his colony of Pennsylvania
1690 Job Charnock of the East India Company establishes a factory in Calcutta, an event formerly considered the founding of the city (in 2003 the Calcutta High Court ruled that the city has no birthday)
1781 American Revolutionary War: A small force of Pennsylvania militia is ambushed and overwhelmed by an American Indian group, which forces George Rogers Clark to abandon his attempt to attack Detroit
1812 Peninsular War: A coalition of Spanish, British, and Portuguese forces succeed in lifting the two-and-a-half-year-long Siege of Cádiz
1814 British troops invade Washington, D.C. and during the Burning of Washington the White House, the Capitol and many other buildings are set ablaze
1815 The modern Constitution of the Netherlands is signed
1816 The Treaty of St. Louis is signed in St. Louis, Missouri
1820 Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal
1821 The Treaty of Córdoba is signed in Córdoba, now in Veracruz, Mexico, concluding the Mexican War of Independence from Spain
1857 The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in United States history
1870 The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion
1875 Captain Matthew Webb became first person to swim the English Channel
1891 Thomas Edison patents the motion picture camera
1898 Count Muravyov, Foreign Minister of Russia presents a rescript that convoked the First Hague Peace Conference
1909 Workers start pouring concrete for the Panama Canal
1914 World War I: The Battle of Cer ends as the first Allied victory in the war
1914 World War I: German troops capture Namur
1929 Second day of two-day Hebron massacre during the 1929 Palestine riots: Arab attacks on the Jewish community in Hebron in the British Mandate of Palestine, result in the death of 65-68 Jews and the remaining Jews being forced to leave the city
1931 Resignation of the United Kingdom's Second Labour Government. Formation of the UK National Government
1931 France and the Soviet Union sign a neutrality/no attack treaty
1932 Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the United States non-stop (from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey)
1933 The Crescent Limited train derails in Washington, D.C., after the bridge it is crossing is washed out by the 1933 Chesapeake–Potomac hurricane
1936 The Australian Antarctic Territory is created
1937 Spanish Civil War: Sovereign Council of Asturias and León is proclaimed in Gijón
1937 Spanish Civil War: the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement
1941 Adolf Hitler orders the cessation of Nazi Germany's systematic T4 euthanasia program of the mentally ill and the handicapped due to protests, although killings continue for the remainder of the war
1942 World War II: The Battle of the Eastern Solomons. Japanese aircraft carrier Ryūjō is sunk and US carrier USS Enterprise heavily damaged
1944 World War II: Allied troops begin the attack on Paris
1949 The treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization goes into effect
1950 Edith Sampson becomes the first black U.S. delegate to the United Nations
1954 The Communist Control Act goes into effect, outlawing the American Communist Party
1954 Getúlio Dornelles Vargas, president of Brazil, commits suicide and is succeeded by João Café Filho
1963 Buddhist crisis: As a result of the Xá Lợi Pagoda raids, the US State Department cables the United States Embassy, Saigon to encourage Army of the Republic of Vietnam generals to launch a coup against President Ngo Dinh Diem if he did not remove his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu
1967 Led by Abbie Hoffman, the Youth International Party temporarily disrupts trading at the New York Stock Exchange by throwing dollar bills from the viewing gallery, causing trading to cease as brokers scramble to grab them
1981 Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 years to life in prison for murdering John Lennon
1989 Colombian drug barons declare "total war" on the Colombian government