August 25 events in history

357 Battle of Strasbourg: Julian, Caesar (deputy emperor) and supreme commander of the Roman army in Gaul, wins an important victory against the Alemanni at Strasbourg (Argentoratum)
1248 The Dutch city of Ommen receives city rights and fortification rights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht
1258 Regent George Mouzalon and his brothers are killed during a coup headed by the aristocratic faction under, paving the way for its leader, Michael VIII Palaiologos, to ultimately usurp the throne of the Empire of Nicaea
1537 The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, is formed
1580 Battle of Alcântara. Spain defeats Portugal
1609 Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers
1630 Portuguese forces are defeated by the Kingdom of Kandy at the Battle of Randeniwela in Sri Lanka
1758 Seven Years' War: Frederick II of Prussia defeats the Russian army at the Battle of Zorndorf
1768 James Cook begins his first voyage
1825 Uruguay declares its independence from Brazil
1830 The Belgian Revolution begins
1835 The New York Sun perpetrates the Great Moon Hoax
1875 Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim across the English Channel, traveling from Dover, England, to Calais, France, in 22 hours
1883 France and Viet Nam sign the Treaty of Huế, recognizing a French protectorate over Annam and Tonkin
1894 Kitasato Shibasaburō discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet
1898 Seven hundred Greek civilians, 17 British guards and the British Consul of Crete are killed by a Turkish mob in Heraklion, Greece
1912 The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded
1914 World War I: The library of the Catholic University of Leuven is deliberately destroyed by the German Army. Hundreds of thousands of irreplaceable volumes and Gothic and Renaissance manuscripts are lost
1916 The United States National Park Service is created
1920 Polish–Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, which began on August 13, ends with the Red Army's defeat
1921 The first skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain occur
1933 The Diexi earthquake strikes Mao County, Sichuan, China and kills 9,000 people
1939 The United Kingdom and Poland form a military alliance in which the UK promises to defend Poland in case of invasion by a foreign power
1942 World War II: second day of the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. A Japanese naval transport convoy headed towards Guadalcanal is turned-back by an Allied air attack, losing one destroyer and one transport sunk, and one light cruiser heavily damaged
1942 World War II: Battle of Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea
1944 World War II: Paris is liberated by the Allies
1945 Ten days after World War II ends with Japan announcing its surrender, armed supporters of the Chinese Communist Party kill U.S. intelligence officer John Birch, regarded by some of the American right as the first victim of the Cold War
1948 The House Un-American Activities Committee holds first-ever televised congressional hearing: "Confrontation Day" between Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss
1950 President Harry Truman orders the U.S. Army to seize control of the nation's railroads to avert a strike
1961 President Jânio Quadros of Brazil resigns after just seven months in power, initiating a political crisis that culminates in a military coup in 1964
1980 Zimbabwe joins the United Nations
1981 Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Saturn
1988 The Chiado area in Lisbon is partially destroyed by a fire
1989 Voyager 2 spacecraft makes its closest approach to Neptune, the second to last planet in the Solar System at the time
1989 Mayumi Moriyama becomes Japan's first female cabinet secretary
1991 Linus Torvalds announces the first version of what will become Linux
1991 The Battle of Vukovar begins. An 87-day siege of a Croatian city by the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), supported by various Serbian paramilitary forces, between August–November, during the Croatian War of Independence
1991 Belarus gains its independence from the Soviet Union
1997 Egon Krenz, the former East German leader, is convicted of a shoot-to-kill policy at the Berlin Wall
2003 The Tli Cho land claims agreement is signed between the Dogrib First Nations and the Canadian federal government in Rae-Edzo (now called Behchoko)
2012 Voyager 1 spacecraft enters interstellar space becoming the first man-made object to do so
2013 Six people die and 22 are injured when a train derails in Huimanguillo, Tabasco, Mexico