August 26 events in history

1071 Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Army at Manzikert
1278 Ladislaus IV of Hungary and Rudolph I of Germany defeat Premysl Ottokar II of Bohemia in the Battle of Marchfield near Dürnkrut in (then) Moravia
1303 Ala ud din Khilji captures Chittorgarh
1346 Hundred Years' War: The military supremacy of the English longbow over the French combination of crossbow and armoured knights is established at the Battle of Crécy
1444 Battle of St. Jakob an der Birs: A vastly outnumbered force of Swiss Confederates is defeated by the Dauphin Louis (future Louis XI of France) and his army of 'Armagnacs' near Basel
1466 A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de' Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered
1498 Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà
1748 The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1768 Captain James Cook sets sail from England on board HMS Endeavour
1778 The first recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia
1789 The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen is approved by the National Constituent Assembly of France
1791 John Fitch is granted a United States patent for the steamboat
1810 The former viceroy Santiago de Liniers of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata is executed after the defeat of his counter-revolution
1813 War of the Sixth Coalition: An impromptu battle takes place when French and Prussian-Russian forces accidentally run into each other near Liegnitz, Prussia (now Legnica, Poland)
1814 Chilean War of Independence: Infighting between the rebel forces of José Miguel Carrera and Bernardo O'Higgins erupts in the Battle of Las Tres Acequias
1821 The University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, is officially opened
1883 The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa begins its final, paroxysmal, stage
1914 World War I: During the retreat from Mons, the British II Corps commanded by General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien fought a vigorous and successful defensive action at Le Cateau
1914 World War I: The German colony of Togoland surrenders to French and British forces after a 20 day campaign
1914 In Brazil, Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras is founded
1920 The 19th amendment to United States Constitution takes effect, giving women the right to vote
1940 Chad becomes the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France's first black colonial governor
1942 Holocaust in Chortkiav, western Ukraine: At 2.30 am the German Schutzpolizei starts driving Jews out of their houses, divides them into groups of 120, packs them in freight cars and deports 2000 to Belzec death camp. Five hundred of the sick and children are murdered on the spot
1944 World War II: Charles de Gaulle enters Paris
1966 The Namibian War of Independence starts with the battle at Omugulugwombashe
1970 The then new feminist movement, led by Betty Friedan, leads a nation-wide Women's Strike for Equality
1977 The Charter of the French Language is adopted by the National Assembly of Quebec
1978 Papal conclave: Pope John Paul I is elected to the Papacy
1978 Sigmund Jähn becomes first German cosmonaut, on board Soyuz 31
1980 John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey's Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada, US
1997 Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria where 60 to 100 people were killed
1999 Russia begins the Second Chechen War in response to the Invasion of Dagestan by the Islamic International Peacekeeping Brigade
2002 Earth Summit 2002 begins in Johannesburg, South Africa
2011 The Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Boeing's all-new composite airliner, receives certification from the EASA and the FAA
2013 Nationwide protests are held across the Philippines over the Priority Development Assistance Fund scam